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PILE CAP

FOUNDATION
Putu Bayu Andhika Pratama (1615124061)
I Gde Made Oka Ariwisnu (1615124064)
Ni Luh Putu Arina Saraswati (1615124067)
Kadek Ramady Suryandana ( 1615124068 )
Definition of Foundation
• Foundation is the element of an
architectural structure which
connects it to the ground and
transfer loads from the structure
to the ground. Foundation are
generally considered either
shallow and deep.
What Is The PILE CAP ???
• Pile cap is a concrete
block cast on the head
of a group of piles, to
transmit the load from
the structure to the
group of piles.
Generally, pile cap
transfers the load from
the structures to a pile
group, then the load
further transfers to
firm soil
Functions of Pile Cap
To distribute a single load To transmit the building
1 equally over the pile group loads to the foundations
and thus over a greater 4 and the ground soil layers
area of bearing potential whether these loads
vertical or inclined
To laterally stabilize
2 individual piles thus
increasing overall stability
of the group To allow column or super
5 structure to reside on a
stable and solid core
To provide the necessary foundation instead of
combined resistance to residing directly on ground
3 stress set up by the super
structure and ground
movement
Construction process
1. EXCAVATION 2. LIFTING

• The subsoil of the soil is • The pile is tied on it’s


excavated to reduce lifting lug
level for the • Lifting the pile
construction of pile cap • The pile is straighten and
• The excavated material ready for hammering
is disposed off site by
truck or lories
Construction process
3. HAMMERING 4. CUTTING OF THE PILE

• The pile is driven into • The concrete is crushed


the ground by using by pneumatic hammer
drop hammer
• The subsoil around • The reinforcement in
the pile shaft is the pile is cut by cutter
displaced • The cut pile is lifted off
• The pile is hammered and disposed
into the ground until
it cannot be driven • The purpose of cutting
into the soil any is to remove the surplus
further or to certain slushy concrete over cut
depth
off level
Construction process
CONSTRUCTION OF
PILE CAP

• Cut, shaped, and tied


Steel reinforcement bars
• Then, steel
reinforcement is inserted
into the formwork
• The formwork is build by
using plywood
• The concrete is poured
into the formwork and
vibrate it to increase its
strength
Construction process of Pile Cap
Problem
1. Heavy rainfall cause • Rainfall may delay
delay construction work when
concreting for pile cap
2. Deformity • Deformity of pile cap cause
it to be unable to function
to its full capacity to bear
loads
3. Harm • Safety concern when
constructing huge pile cap
4. Failure • Possible failure of
improperly installed or
unsupported sides during
pile cap construction