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CLIMATE CHANGE ACT OF 2009

(R.A. 9729 AS AMENDED BY R.A. 10174)


POLICY
CONSIDERATION
• The Climate Change Act or R.A. 9729 affirms
the policy of the State to afford full
protection and the advancement of the right
of the people to a healthful ecology in accord
with the rhythm and harmony of nature.
• The State adopts the principle of protecting
the climate system for the benefit of
humankind , on the basis of climate justice or
common but differentiated responsibilities
and the Precautionary Prince to guide
decision-making in climate risk management.
POLICY CONSIDERATION
• Being part of the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate
Change, the State adopts the ultimate
objective of the Convention which is
the stabilization of greenhouse gas
concentrations in the atmosphere at a
level that would prevent dangerous
anthropogenic interference.

• With the climate system, which should


be achieved within a time frame.

• Being part of the Hyogo Framework for


Action, the State also adopts the
strategic goals in order to build national
and local resilience to climate change-
related disasters.
POLICY CONSIDERATION
• The need to ensure that national and sub-national
government policies, plans, programs, and projects are
founded upon sound environmental considerations and
the principle of sustainable development.

• Policy of the State to systematically integrate the


concept of climate change in various phases of policy
formulation, development plans, poverty reduction
strategies and other development tools and techniques
by all agencies and instrumentalities of the government.
THE PHILIPPINES, VULNERABLE TO CLIMATE
CHANGE.
• The Philippines is a climate hotspot, vulnerable to some of the worst
manifestations of climate change.

• As a developing country, with very little access to vital resources, it has


a low ability to adapt and a lower ability to cope with disasters brought
about by climate change impacts.

• Recurring typhoons, increase in precipitation that is experienced by


certain regions in the country, sea level rise is a major treat to marine
ecosystems and to coastal human populations and their livelihoods.

• It also threatens the country’s rich cultural heritage as well as some of


the rarest and most diverse fragile ecosystems in the world.
TWO MAJOR
GREENHOUSE
GASES
CONTRIBUTING
TO CLIMATE
CHANGE

PRODUCED BY COAL
COMBUSTION

CARBON DIOXIDE NITROUS OXIDE

Concentrations of these gases in the atmosphere accumulate global temperature


increases, setting in motion absolute consequences of climate change.
GLOBAL WARMING
• The Philippines’
geographical location makes
it prone to natural hazards
and climate change is
making it WORSE.

• The Philippines is a minor


emitter of greenhouse gases
(GHG) with only 0.3% of
global emissions, but it is
among the MOST
VULNERABLE TO CLIMATE
CHANGE IMPACTS.
TYPHOON KETSANA OR ONDOY
SEPTEMBER, 2009
TYPHOON HAIYAN OR YOLANDA 2013
• The Philippines has experienced countless tragedies and
losses from recurring impacts of extreme weather events
under a 1°C global warming.

• The 2°C warming above pre-industrial levels is no longer a


prognosis but a reality.

• Unofficial data shows that average temperatures in the


Northern Hemisphere likely exceeded 2°C above normal
even only for a few hours.
Philippines’ climate change laws are
“world’s best.”
• The Philippines has taken the lead in the global
campaign to mitigate disaster risks brought about by
global warming.
• It has an excellent legal framework for climate
adaptation.
• The country’s laws or climate change adaptation (CCA)
and disaster risk reduction (DRR) are said to be the
“BEST IN THE WORLD.”

*Oposa vs. Factoran