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GROUP MEMBER

• Abubakar Abbasi (15-ME-48)


• Muhammad Bilal Ali (15-ME-49)
• Muhammad Abbas Akram (15-ME-50)
• Naveed Iqbal (15-ME-51)
• Leeman Hussain (15-ME-51)

Swedish college of engineering and technology


Rahim yar khan
CON TENT
• FASTENER DEFINATION
• FASTENER CLASSIFICATION
• NON-DETACHABLE FASTENER
• DETACHABLE FASTENER
• NON-THREADED FASTENER
• THREADED FASTENER
• EXTERNAL THREAD FASTENER: NUT & BOLT
• THREAD NOMENCLATURE
• TYPES OF THREAD
Swedish college of engineering and technology
Rahim yar khan
CON TENT
• THREAD DESIGNTION
• TYPES OF BOLT
• FOUNDATION BOLT
• BOLT & SCREW CLEARENCES
• STRENGTH OF BOLT
• BOLT HEAD MARKING
• STANDARD BOLT LENGTH
•Swedish
BOLT FAILURES
college of engineering and technology
Rahim yar khan
INTRODUCTION
FASTENER DEFINATION
•A MECHANICAL ELEMENT WHICH HOLDS TWO OR MORE PARTS
OF MACHINE OF A STRUCTURE IS KNOWN AS FASTENER. THE
PROCESS IS CALLED FASTENING.
FASTENER CLASSIFICATION FASTENERS

DETACHABLE NON DETACHABLE


FASTENERS FASTENERS

THREADED NON-THREADED
FASTENERS FASTENERS

EXTERNALLY INTERNALLY
THREAD THREADED
DETACHABLE FASTENERS
{IT DOES NOT INVOLVES DESTRUCTION DURING
SEPARATION}
SEPARATION}

THREADED
FASTENERS

NON-THREADED
FASTENERS
Classification of Fasteners
• Temporary
Permanent
• Screws
Welding
• Brazing
Bolts
• Stapling
Keys
• Nailing
Pins
• Gluing
• riveting
Screw Thread Forms
• Unified National Thread Form (UN)
• ISO Metric Thread Form
• Square Thread Form
• Acme Thread Form
• Worm Thread Form
• Knuckle Thread Form
• Buttress Thread Form
Screw Thread Forms
 Unified National Thread Form (UN)
 ISO Metric Thread Form
 Square Thread Form
 Acme Thread Form
 Worm Thread Form
 Knuckle Thread Form
 Buttress Thread Form
Unified National Thread Form (UN)
ISO Metric Thread Form
Square Thread Form
Acme Thread Form
Worm Thread Form
Knuckle Thread Form
Buttress Thread Form
Thread Terms
What is a fastener?
 A device to locate or hold parts

 As a repair technician you will become skilled at


removing, reconditioning, replacing, and installing
fasteners.

 An important skill to learn is how to remove a stuck


fastener without breaking it off.

 (You will get lots of practice with this as a technician)


How do you remove a stuck fastener?
 An easy treatment for stuck nuts and bolts is
Penetrating Oil (like WD-40).

 Some brands work better than others, so ask


what works and experiment on your own.

 Spray it on the threads and shock or vibrate the


fastener (hit it with a hammer) to get the oil to sink in.

 You must allow time for oil to work into threads.

 I spray and shock a stuck bolt, then go work on


another job for an hour or so to let the magic
happen
Remove a stuck fastener?
(After spraying with oil and waiting for it to soak in.)

 Use a six point wrench or socket


Remove a stuck fastener?
(After spraying with oil and waiting for it to soak in.)

 You might also use a breaker bar with a 6-point


socket

 Breaker bars are longer and stronger than ratchets


 Never put a pipe on a ratchet handle to get more
torque

Remove a stuck fastener?
(After spraying with oil and waiting for it to soak in.)

 Use a six point wrench or socket

 Try to tighten slightly, then loosen

 An impact can help shock the fastener loose

 A strong impact will often break off the bolt


What about using Vice Grips to remove a
stuck bolt?

 Vice Grips (locking pliers) damage the head of


a bolt or nut and make it MUCH more difficult to
remove.

 Use Vice Grips to hold or grip objects.

 They should never be used as a wrench, or a


socket.
How do you remove a stuck fastener?
 Heat can help loosen a fastener

 Too much heat can damage the


fastener

 Too much heat can weaken the


surrounding metal

 NEVER heat fasteners red hot


When do you use a new fastener?
 If it is damaged in any way such as:
 corrosion or stretched threads

 Always replace Torque to Yield bolts