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Oracle Exadata Features and

Functions
Exadata 2017 Sales Guided Learning Path

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What You’ll Learn

• Introduction
• Hardware
• Software
• Integration
• Cloud without compromise
• More information

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Introduction
Exadata 2017 Sales Guided Learning Path

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Exadata Vision
Dramatically better platform for all database workloads

• Ideal database hardware • Smart system software • Full stack integration


for fastest performance and multiple workloads reduces operational costs
and lowest cost – Specialized algorithms – Database to disk
– Scale out – OLTP optimization
– Database optimized – Analytics – Automation
compute – Testing
– Consolidation
– Networking – Patching
– Storage – Support

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Proven at Thousands of Ultra-Critical Deployments since 2008
Half OLTP, Half Analytics, Many Mixed
4 OF THE TOP 5
BANKS, TELECOMS, RETAILERS RUN EXADATA
• Petabyte Warehouses
• Online Financial Trading
• Business Applications
– SAP, Oracle, Siebel, PSFT, …
• Massive DB Consolidation
• Public SaaS Clouds
– Oracle Fusion Apps,
Salesforce, SAS, …

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On Premises Same Architecture Oracle Cloud
Same Software
Same Skills

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Hardware
Exadata 2017 Sales Guided Learning Path

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Ideal Hardware Architecture for Database
Extreme performance, scalability, availability

 Scale out servers, fastest CPU’s available


 Smart, Ultra-fast InfiniBand Network
 Fully scalable Exadata smart storage
 Smart storage shares the workload
 Ultra fast NVMe 3DvNAND Flash cards
 Smart tiering, CPU, Memory, Flash, Disks
 State of the art industry standard CPU, Flash, Disks

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Exadata Hardware Generational Advances
V1 V2 X2 X3 X4 X5 X6

Sept 2008 Sept 2009 Sept 2010 Sept 2012 Nov 2013 Dec 2014 May 2016
Xeon E5-2699 v4
Growth
Xeon E5430 Xeon E5540 Xeon X5670 Xeon E5-2690 Xeon E5-2697v2 Xeon E5-2699 v3
Q4, 2007 Intel GA Q1, 2009 Intel GA Q1, 2010 Intel GA Q1, 2012 Intel GA Q3, 2013 Intel GA Q3, 2014 Intel GA Q3, 2016 Intel GA Factor
8X
16 X
4.5 X
24 X
50 X

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Two Database Server Models

X6-2 Database Machine X6-8 Database Machine


• 2-socket database servers • 8-socket database servers
– Eighth rack, quarter rack, and other – Half Rack and elastic configurations
elastic configurations – Large SMP workloads
– General database workloads – Extreme OLTP
– OLTP, consolidation, DW – Large scale consolidation
– Memory intensive workloads
Both use exactly the same storage servers and InfiniBand networking
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Exadata X6-2 Database Machine Details
• 2 socket database servers
X6-2 Database Server – Scale out compute
– Intel 22 Core 2.2GHz Broadwell E5-2699v4
CPUs
– DDR4-2400 Memory – up to 768 GB
X6-2 Extreme Flash Storage Server • Internal InfiniBand smart fabric
• Intelligent 2 socket storage servers
– Extreme Flash – 360TB Flash
– High Capacity – 1.3PB Disk + 18TB Flash
X6-2 High Capacity Storage Server
– Intel 10 core 2.2 Broadwell E5-2630v4 CPUs
– 8 TB Helium Filled SAS Disk Drives
– 3D V-NAND NVMe Flash
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Exadata X6-8 Database Machine Details
X5-8 Database Server
• 8 socket database servers
– 2 – 4 servers per rack
– Intel 18 Core 2.6GHz Haswell E7-8895v3 CPUs
– DDR3 Memory – up to 6TB
• Internal InfiniBand smart fabric
X6-2 Extreme Flash Storage Server • Intelligent 2 socket storage servers
– Extreme Flash – 360TB Flash
– High Capacity – 1.3PB Disk + 18TB Flash
– Intel 10 core 2.2 Broadwell E5-2630v4 CPUs
X6-2 High Capacity Storage Server – 8 TB Helium Filled SAS Disk Drives
– 3D V-NAND NVMe Flash

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Two Storage Server Models

X6-2 Extreme Flash Server (EF) X6-2 High Capacity Server (HC)
• All flash 3DvNAND • 12 front mount 8TB Disks
• 8 front mount 3.2 TB Flash Drives • Enterprise class helium filled SAS
• Internal NVMe interface • 4 x 3.2 TB Flash Drives
• InfiniBand system connection • Internal NVMe interface
• InfiniBand system connection

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Exadata X6-2 EF Storage Server Details
• 2 socket storage server
– Scale out performance
– Intel 10 Core 2.2GHz Broadwell E5-2630v4 CPUs
X6-2 Extreme Flash Storage Server – DDR4-2400 Memory – up to 128 GB
• High performance Flash Drives
– 8 x 3.2TB PCIe Flash
– NVMe Interface for lower overhead
– 3DvNAND = longer life, more capacity
• Extreme Performance
– Faster Analytics
– Faster Read and Write IOPS
– Lower latency
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Exadata X6-2 HC Storage Server Details
• 2 socket storage server
– Scale out capacity
– Intel 10 Core 2.2GHz Broadwell E5-2630v4 CPUs
X6-2 High Capacity Storage Server
– DDR4-2400 Memory – up to 128 GB
• High capacity disk drives
– 12 x 8TB hot swap SAS drives
– Helium = larger capacity, less energy usage
• Flash acceleration
– 4 x 3.2TB F320 PCIe NVMe
• Networking
– Infiniband, GB Ethernet, ILOM

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Exadata Storage Expansion X6-2 Quarter Rack
Additional storage – backups, historical, unstructured, and more!

• Quarter Rack Storage Expansion


– 4x X6-2 High Capacity Storage Server Or
4x X6-2 Extreme Flash Storage Server
• Add up to 15 more X6-2 Storage Servers
– Maximum of 19 per rack)
– Mix of Extreme Flash and High Capacity Storage
• 3 x Sun Datacenter InfiniBand Switch 36
– 36-port Managed QDR (40Gb/s) switch
– Third switch is used for connecting to other Database Machine racks

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Engineered Systems & Appliances Portfolio

Database
Appliance

Exadata Exalogic SuperCluster Exalytics Big Data Private ZFS Storage Zero Dataloss
Database Elastic In-Memory Appliance Cloud Appliance Recovery
Machine Cloud Machine Appliance Appliance

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Elastic Configurations
Incrementally Scale Compute & Storage

  
Database Server

Extreme Flash Storage

High-Capacity Storage

Start Small Full Rack Multi-Rack


 Enable Database CPU cores as needed with Capacity on Demand
 Expand older Exadata machines with new servers
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Exadata Software
Exadata 2017 Sales Guided Learning Path

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Exadata Software Innovations
No change to applications, they just run faster

• Fastest OLTP, Data Warehousing • Efficiency Saves Cost


– Same system – HCC saves 10x on storage for analytics
– 10X faster queries and archive
– Query offload, Smart Flash Cache, – 4x more work/compute node
Hybrid Columnar Compression (HCC)
• Consolidation Saves Cost
• Highest Service Levels – Workload prioritization from CPU to
– No single point of failure storage ensures resources for
consolidated workloads
– Unique enhancements expand Oracle
availability options

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Exadata Database Optimizations
Offload to storage Speedy InfiniBand messaging
– Data intensive queries offloaded to – Custom protocol for high throughput low
storage CPUs latency I/O and RAC communication
– 263 GB/sec SQL data throughput / rack Superior Quality of Service
– Storage Index data skipping – End-to-End prioritization of critical DB
Flash Storage Enhancements messages such as log writes and RAC
– CPU and I/O prioritization of databases,
– Smart caching of database data
PDBs, users, jobs
– 4.14 Million Database IOs/sec per rack
– Smart Flash log speeds transactions Awesome availability
– Fastest recovery of failed database server,
Kick butt compression storage, or switch. Fastest backup.
– Hybrid Columnar for 10x size reduction – Fault Tolerant Database In-Memory
and faster analytics
– Exachk top-to-bottom validation of
hardware, software and settings

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Exadata Storage Server Software Database Server
• Smart Scan S
– Data Scans/filters are executed in Storage Servers using Xeon cores Q Storage Server
L
– Only relevant results returned to database servers
– Significant speedup (10x or more) for reports, queries, batch jobs…
• Smart Flash Cache / Storage Tiering Ultra-Fast
– Active data automatically cached in flash on Storage Server PCIe Flash Cards
– Database I/O Intelligence optimizes use of flash
– Flash caches Reads, Writes, Log Writes
– Performance of flash with the capacity of disk I/O I/O I/O

• I/O Resource Management (IORM)


– Priority-based allocation of I/O bandwidth by database and workload
– Essential for mixed workloads and database consolidation
• Hybrid Columnar Compression (HCC)
– Industry best data compression (10x average) HCC
– Data remains compressed in flash, memory, backups, standbys 10:1
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Exadata is Smart Storage
• Database Servers
– Complex processing
– Query processing, joins, aggregations
• Storage Servers
– Smart storage, not a DB node
– Storage indexes filter out data NOT
relevant to the query
– Offloads work that the DB server doesn’t
have to do
– Storage serves data to multiple database
types
– Perfect for OLTP and Consolidation
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Exadata Smart Flash Cache Write-Back
• Caches Write and Read I/Os in PCI flash
• Accelerates write intensive workloads
– Writing to flash is significantly faster than writing to disk
• Persistent write cache speeds database recovery
• Use write back flash cache
– If your application is write intensive
– Significant ‘free buffer waits’
– High I/O times

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Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression
• Data organized and compressed by column
– Dramatically improves compression
– Saves storage space
• Coupled with smart scan
– Improves performance
• Speed optimized warehouse compression
– 10:1 compression ratio
– Offload increases performance even more
• Space optimized archive compression
– 15:1 – 50:1 compression ratio
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Compression Benefits Multiply Down the Stack

• Less storage
• Better disk bandwidth
• More data in flash cache
Test Dev DR
• More data in database DRAM cache
• Smaller Test, Dev, DR databases
• Smaller backups
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Pure Columnar Flash Cache
World’s First Data Transforming Flash Cache
Pure Columnar Data
• Hybrid Columnar Compression (HCC)
• Balances OLTP and Analytics Flash
– 10X compression, fast analytic scans, single I/O
OLTP
• Smart Flash Cache Flash Cache Population
– optimizes HCC data for pure analytic workloads
• Transforms HCC data to pure columnar
format as it is loaded into flash cache
• Up to 5X analytic query speedup Hybrid Columnar Data

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Exadata Virtual Machines
High-Performance Virtualized Database Platform
• Isolation for consolidated workloads
– Hosting, cloud, consolidation, test/dev, non-database, 3rd
party apps
FINANCE
– Multiple clusters within servers (e.g. for SAP)
• High Speed InfiniBand with SR-IOV and full smart scan
– Raw hardware performance
SALES
– Can dynamically grow and shrink CPU
• Flexible licensing options
• Create VMs easily with OEDA
SUPPLY
CHAIN • Supported on earlier generations and DB versions
– X2-2, X3-2, X4-2, X5-2, X6-2 – DB 11.2 and DB 12c
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Rapid Database Snapshots for Development and Testing
• Fast space-efficient Snapshot database creation
1. Create sparse diskgroup on Exadata storage
2. Create snapshot database or snapshot PDB that reads from Sparse Sparse
base read-only copy of DB and writes to sparse diskgroup Base
Snap Snap
DB

• Pluggable database enables single command creation


of DB snapshot CDB

• All Exadata features work on snapshots


– Smart scans
– Smart flash cache CREATE pluggable database johns_test
– Resource management FROM nightly_test_master
create_file_dest='+SPARSE'
SNAPSHOT COPY;

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Oracle Database In-Memory
• Single database can efficiently support mixed workloads
• Dual format architecture
– Row format for OLTP operations
– Purely in-memory optimized for analytical processing
• 100X faster analytics
• Fully compatible with all existing features
Memory Memory

SALES SALES
Row Column
Format Format

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In-Memory Fault Tolerance
Highest Availability for Database In-Memory Option

• Mirrored In-memory columns


• Copy placed on another RAC Cluster node
• Enabled per table/partition
• Application transparent
• In memory data accessible if a node goes
down
• Improves performance
• Queries access primary or backup at any time

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Integration
Exadata 2017 Sales Guided Learning Path

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Unique Full Stack Integration
Integration Reliability
• All layers pre-configured, • All users run identical full stack
pre-tuned, pre-debugged • You get:
– DB, OS, drivers, firmware, – Bank tested full-stack HA
network, servers, storage
– Telco tested full-stack scaling
– Government tested full security

Support Management
• One Support team expert in • Full-Stack management tool
and accountable for full stack • Drill down from DB to storage,
• Oracle performs free full-stack and up from storage to DB
updates and 24/7 monitoring

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Standardized and Simple to Deploy
• All Database Machines are the same
– Delivered ready-to-run
– Tested
– No unique configuration issues
– Identical to internal engineering configurations
– Highly supportable
• Runs existing OLTP and DW applications
– Full 30 years of Oracle DB capabilities
– No Exadata certification required
– Requires no changes to application
• Leverages Oracle ecosystem
– Skills, knowledge base, people and partners

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Pre-built and Optimized Out-of-the-Box
Custom Configuration

Test & debug


failure modes

Performance Achievement
Reconfigure
Measure, Multi-
Assemble diagnose,
dozens of vendor
and tune finger
components
pointing

Time Time
(Days) (Months) 35

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Community Effect Reduces Risk
• Every Exadata is standard
– Global Standard
• Pretested and identical
– Except number of servers/storage
– Performance
– HA
– Security
• Tested
– Oracle Development
– 1000’s of Banks, Telcos, Retailers, and more

Global Standard > Company Standard


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• In-Memory Fault Tolerance
Advantages Increase Every Year • Direct-to-wire Protocol
• Columnar Flash Cache
Dramatically better platform for all database workloads • JSON and XML offload
• I/O latency capping
• Instant failure detection
• Network Resource Management
• Multitenant Aware Resource Mgmt
• Prioritized File Recovery
• IO Priorities
• Data Mining Offload • Tiered Disk/ Flash
• Offload Decrypt on Scans
• Database Aware Flash Cache • PCIe Flash
• Storage Indexes
• Columnar Compression • Application Co-Processors
• Smart Scan
• Unified InfiniBand
• InfiniBand Scale-Out
• Scale-Out Storage

• Scale-Out Servers

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Cloud Without Compromise
Exadata 2017 Sales Guided Learning Path

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Oracle Database Exadata Cloud Service
Best of On-Premises with Best of Cloud
• Full Oracle Database with all advanced options
– #1 database for mission critical OLTP and DW FINANCE HR

• On fastest and most available database cloud platform SALES SUPPORT


– Scale-Out Compute, Scale-Out Intelligent Storage, InfiniBand, PCIe flash
– Complete Isolation of tenants with no hardware overprovisioning
CALL SUPPLY
CENTER CHAIN
• All Benefits of Public Cloud:
– Fast, Elastic, Web Driven Provisioning
– Oracle Experts Deploy and Manage Infrastructure
– No Capex Monthly Subscription

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Exadata Cloud: Compatible, Scalable, Available, Secure
Multitenant Offload SQL to Storage
In Memory DB InfiniBand Fabric
Real Application Smart Flash Cache, PCI Flash
Clusters Smart Flash Log
Active Data Guard Columnar Flash
Cache
Partitioning
Advanced All Oracle All Exadata Hybrid Columnar HCC
Compression
Compression Database Machine I/O Resource
10:1
I/O I/O I/O
Advanced Security,
Label Security, Innovations Innovations Management
Database Vault Network Resource
Real Application Management
Testing
In-Memory Fault
OLAP, Analytics, Tolerance
Spatial and Graph
Exafusion Direct-to-
Management Packs Wire Protocol

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More Information
Exadata 2017 Sales Guided Learning Path

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More Information
• Oracle.com Engineered Systems
• Exadata Knowledge Zone
• OTN Engineered Systems Page
• Exadata Resources
• Oracle Cloud
• Oracle Exadata Cloud

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What You Learned

• Introduction
• Hardware
• Software
• Integration
• Cloud without compromise
• More information

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