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GROUNDWATER

CONSUMPTION
(INDUSTRIAL USE)

IMPERATIVES
VIS-À-VIS
C.G.W.A.
REQUIREMENTS
VISHAL DUGGAL
+98766 05933, +98140 05933
visduggal@gmail.com; v.duggal@live.com
STATUTORY
REQUIREMENTS
Mandatory Recycle/Reuse
Industries (for various purposes Withdrawal Permitted
Category except recharge to ground (% of proposed recharge)
water)
Safe Major and Medium NOC is required for ground
Industries to recycle and water withdrawal subject to
reuse at least 40% of the adoption of artificial
waste water recharge to ground water.
Semi- critical Major and Medium Withdrawal may be
Industries to recycle and permitted subject to
reuse at least 50% of the undertaking of ground water
waste water recharge** measures.
The withdrawal should not
exceed 200% of the
recharged quantity.
STATUTORY
REQUIREMENTS
Critical Major and Medium Withdrawal may be permitted
… industries should fully subject to undertaking of ground
recycle and reuse the water recharge** measures.
waste water The withdrawal should not
exceed 100% of the recharged
quantity.
Over- All Industries to fully Withdrawal may be permitted
exploited recycle and reuse the subject to undertaking of ground
waste water water recharge** measures.
The withdrawal should not
exceed 50% of the recharged
quantity.
** The recharge should be implemented within the premises and/or
same water shed/assessment unit. Detail project proposal shall be
included along with the application for NOC.
STATUTORY
REQUIREMENTS
NOC to Existing Industries
…All existing Industries/projects which are drawing ground water
………. shall apply to CGWA for NOC for ground water
withdrawal with immediate effect.
 Applicable to States/UT’s in which regulation of ground water
withdrawal is being done by CGWA
 The grant of NOC to be considered as per prevailing guidelines.
AN
ILLUSTRATION
Assumptions
 Location of industry – Urban
 Groundwater zone – over exploited
 Process water consumption = ~100 kL/day
 Process effluent generation = ~70 kL/day
 Fresh water requirement = ~90 kL/day
 Source of water – ground water (through deep bore-well)
 Mode of disposal – into public sewer (after treatment or for
treatment) with final disposal into natural water drain/canal/river
 Operational days in an year = 300
 Annual fresh water withdrawal at rated capacity (sourced from
ground water) = ~27000 kL
AN
ILLUSTRATION…
Statutory liabilities
 Complete recycle/reuse of wastewater
 Minimum ground water recharge (within or outside the
industrial unit) = ~54000 kL/year

Recharge options
 Within premises (complex)
 Outside the premises (e.g., adopting rural area for groundwater
recharge)
AN
ILLUSTRATION…
Groundwater recharge (within complex)
 Considering ~3000 m2 roof-top area, ~5000 m2 of road/pavement
area, and ~4000 m2 of green/open area
 For average annual rainfall of ~700 mm, annual groundwater
recharge potential (through storm-water harvesting) will be
~3500 kL

CAUTION
P.P.C.B. prohibits industries from constructing storm-water
recharge structures within premises
AN
ILLUSTRATION…
Groundwater recharge (outside complex)
 Typically, a village with an area of ~100 acres (~70% unlined/
kucha/green area, ~5% roof-top area, ~25% paved/lined area) will
have composite storm-water recharge co-efficient of ~0.18
 Population supported by the village (assuming) – ~800
 Village pond effective area and average depth – ~4000 m2 x 1.5 m
 Storm-water collection potential = ~52000 kL/year
 Additional potential for treated wastewater collection from
domestic activities of resident population = ~45000 kL/year
 Loss of water due to leakages, evaporation, etc. = ~10000 kL/year
 Net water available for recharge = ~77000 kL/year
AN
ILLUSTRATION…
Groundwater recharge (outside complex)
 Recharge requirement to be fulfilled by the industrial unit outside
the premises = ~50500 kL/year
 Excess water available for irrigative use = ~26500 kL/year
 Activities (responsibilities) of the industrial unit
 Construction of storm water drains and sewer drains/conduits
 Construction of wastewater pre-treatment before its collection
in the village pond
 Renovation/reclamation of village pond and its surroundings
 Provision of pond water distribution arrangement for its reuse
for irrigation
 Regular operation and maintenance of collection and treatment
system
DIRECT/INDIREC
T BENEFITS
 Statutory compliance of the industrial unit
 Improved sanitation and quality of life of
village inhabitants
 Reduced withdrawal of groundwater will
effectively contribute to its indirect recharge
 Prevention of local flooding during intensive
rainfall
 Industrial unit may allocate funding from its
CSR commitment