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Basic Transformer

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Practice

Wye connected windings:

Have a common connection point

Have two voltages available “L-L & L-N”

Has only one current

Line current

Delta connected windings:

Have no common connection point

Have only one voltage available “L-L”

Delta can be closed “connected” in more than one way

Has two currents

Line current

Phase or winding current

Definitions

• Delta: Phase voltage is line voltage but phase

current is not line current.

– Line current ÷ √3= phase current

– Line voltage = Phase voltage

• Wye: Phase voltage is not line voltage but

phase current is line current.

– Line voltage ÷ √3= phase voltage

– Line current = phase current

HS Line 230 kV

LS Line 23 kV

Transformer 3 Ø 230/13280/23000 Gnd. Wye

25 MVA

230 kV

A B C

H1 H2 H3

W1

W2 W3

W4 W5

W6

X1 X2 X3

23 kV

a b c

HS Line 115 kV

LS Line 12 kV

Transformer:

3 3 Ø 115/12000/6928 Gnd. Wye 40MVA

one voltage because it is

delta 201

A B C

H1 H2 H3

because it is wye connected

116 W2 W

3

16.6/1

W

W

5

Transformer N 6

Ratio 16.6/1 X1 X2 X3

1925

a b c

LS Line 23 kV

Transformer

? MVA

A B C

H1 H2 H3

W2 W3

W5

W6

N

X1 X2 X3

1255

a b c

Typical GSU Transformer

Connection System

A

B C

H1 H2 H3

W6

W5 W4

W3 W2

W1

X1 X2 X3

a b c

Generator

Transformer Solutions

• Information: 230/23kV 25 MVA transformer

230 kV

• What is the voltage A-B, B-C, C-A ?

23 kV

• What is the voltage a-b, b-c, c-a?

• What is the current in line A, B, C ? 25 MVA / 230 kV / √3 = 62.76 amps

• What is the current in W1, W2, W3?

Transformer Solutions

• Information: Δ-Υ 230/23kV 25 MVA transformer

230 kV (Given)

• What is the voltage on High voltage line?

23 kV (Given)

• What is the voltage on low voltage line?

• What is the voltage across W1, W2, W3? 230 kV (Same as the line for Δ winding)

• What is the voltage across W4, W5, W6? 13,280 kV ( L-N voltage)

• What is the current in W1, W2, W3?

Transformer Solutions

• What is the current in line a, b, c? Same as winding W4, W5, W6= 627.556 amps

• On the delta side of the transformer The line current ÷ √3 = Winding Current ;

62.76 ÷ √3 = 36.23

Voltage X Current X three windings

230,000 X 36.3 amps = 8,349,000 x 3 (windings)= 25,047,000 = 25 MVA

13,280 X 627.57 amps = 8,334,129 X 3 (windings)= 25,002, 388 = 25MVA

Transformer Ratio

3 Phase 230/23 kV 25 MVA

Transformer is 230/ 23 kV

Ratio is NOT this ration but is the ration of the voltages

across the windings.

W1 230 kV, W4 13,280 Ratio is 230,000 / 13,280 = 17.32/1

A B C

H1 H2 H3

W1 W2 W3

W4 W5 W6

N

Note: X1 X2 X3

W4 current/ W1 current = 627.56/36.3 = 17.3

627.56 amps X 13,280 volts = 8.3 MVA a b c

36.3 amps X 230,000 volts = 8.3 MVA

8.3 MVA X 3 (windings) =25 MVA

How Are They

Connected?

H H H H

primary H H

primary primary

secondary

secondary secondary

H H H H H H

A B C

H1 H2 H3

W1

W2 W3

W4 W5

W6

X1 X2 X3

a b c

Both transformers are Δ-Υ but A B C

notice the Δ windings are not H1 H2 H3

closed the same

W W W

1 2 3

W W

W

4 5

N 6

X1 X2 X3

A B C a b c

H1 H2 H3

W W W

1 2 3

W W

W

4 5

N 6

X1 X2 X3

a b c

Single Phase Transformer information:

HV 115 kV

LV 7200 V

Capacity 16,670 KVA

primary

Primary amps

16,670,000 ÷ 115,000 = 145 amps

Secondary amps

16,670,000 ÷ 7,200 = 2315 amps secondary

115,000 ÷7200 = 15.97/1 Voltage X Current

115,000 X 145 amps = 16,675,000= 16.67MVA

7,200 X 2315 amps = 16,668,000 = 16.67 MVA

Current ratio Check

2315÷145 = 15.97/1

Transformer Information For Practice

Calculations

• 3Ø, Δ-Υ 115/12 kV 25MVA

• 3Ø, Δ-Υ 115/23 kV 40 MVA

• 3Ø, Δ- Δ 23/ 13.8 kV 5 MVA

• 3Ø Υ- Υ 4160/ 2400 5 MVA

• 3Ø, Δ- Δ 115/ 13.8 kV 10 MVA

• 1Ø Υ- Δ 230/22 kV 350 MVA

Delta and Wye 3-phase circuits : Electronics Worksheet

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