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KAJIAN REGULASI KOMUNIKASI RADIO

MARITIM INDONESIA
DIREKTORAT JENDERAL POS DAN TELEKOMUNIKASI
KEMENTERIAN KOMUNIKASI DAN INFORMATIKA
2010
AGENDA
TUJUAN

GMDSS

IDENTIFIKASI MASALAH

KESIMPULAN FREKUENSI MARITIM

TATA TERTIB KOMUNIKASI PELAYARAN

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TUJUAN
 Memperkenalkan pengetahuan tentang Pengelolaan Spektrum
Frekuensi Radio untuk Dinas Maritim
 Menginformasikan jenis komunikasi pelayaran yang diperbolehkan
dengan mengacu pada area pelayaran.
 Menginformasikan adanya perubahan jenis perangkat beacon
maritim khususnya untuk keperluan marabahaya yang "diakui" oleh
internasional per 1 Februari 2009.

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Agenda
DASAR HUKUM
 Undang-Undang No.36 Tahun 1999 Tentang Telekomunikasi
 Undang-Undang No.17 Tahun 2008 Tentang Pelayaran
 PerMen Perhubungan No.8 Tahun 2005 Tentang Telekomunikasi Pelayaran
 PerDirJen Postel No.266 Tahun 2995 Tentang Persyaratan Teknis Alat Dan
Perangkat Radio Maritim

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Agenda
GMDSS - AGENDA

EPIRB
GMDSS Maritime
Frequency DSC
GMDSS - AREA Channel

GMDSS – PERANGKAT PER AREA

GMDSS – KELAS PERANGKAT DSC MMSI SART

GMDSS – PERBANDINGAN DSC


GMDSS
GMDSS – KATEGORI EPIRB

GMDSS – ANALOG & DIGITAL EPIRB Sea Area NAVTEX

GMDSS – MMSI

GMDSS – MF MARITIME CHANNEL Inmarsat MF/HF


Receiver Transceiver
GMDSS – HF MARITIME CHANNEL VHF
Transceiver

GMDSS – VHF MARITIME CHANNEL

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GMDSS
Global Maritime Distress Safety System (GMDSS) merupakan konvensi internasional
mengenai prosedur keselamatan, ragam perangkat, dan protokol komunikasi dalam
meningkatkan keselamatan navigasi dan kemudahan penyelematan (Search And
Rescue) armada laut dan udara. Perangkat minimum GMDSS antara lain:
 EPIRB (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon)
 406 MHz atau 1.6 GHz
 NAVTEX (Navigational Telex)
 Inmarsat Receiver (jika beroperasi di cakupan Inmarsat dan penggunaan NAVTEX
maupun HF NBDP tidak dimungkinkan)
 SART (Search And Rescue Transponder)
 1 untuk <300 GRT, 2 untuk 300 < GRT<500, 3 untuk > 500 GRT
 DSC (Digital Selective Calling) Transceiver
 mampu mengakomodasi DSC channel 6,13,16,70
 2 portable VHF transceiver (<500 GRT), 3 VHF transceiver (>500 GRT) di perahu darurat

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Agenda
GMDSS – AREA (1)
 Area A1
 radius 20-30 nautical mile dari stasiun pantai (Coast Station)
 berada dalam jangkauan VHF stasiun pantai
 Area A2
 di luar area A1, dan tidak melebihi jarak 100-150 nautical mile
 berada dalam jangkauan MF stasiun pantai
 Area A3
 di luar area A1 dan A2, dan berada dalam cakupan satelit GEO Inmarsat.
 cakupan satelit GEO Inmarsat = 70⁰ LU hingga 70 ⁰ LS
 Area A4
 di luar area A1,A2,dan A3
 daerah kutub utara/selatan dengan latitude >70 ⁰

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Agenda
GMDSS – AREA (2)
GMDSS Area A3
Area A1,A2,A3
Inmarsat Area

 www.ashcomsys.com
 www.inmarsat.com

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Agenda
GMDSS – PERANGKAT PER AREA (1)
 Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A1 diperbolehkan untuk mengganti 406 MHz
EPIRB menjadi VHF DSC EPIRB
 Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A2 diharuskan untuk melengkapi diri dengan
perangkat minimum dan tambahan:
 1 set Radio MF yang mampu TX/RX di frekuensi 2187.5 KHz menggunakan DSC

dan 2182 KHz menggunakan radioteleponi


 1 Receiver pemantauan DSC di 2187.5 KHz

 1 406 MHz EPIRB

 1 set Radio HF yang beroperasi di pita frekuensi maritim antara 1605-27500 KHz

untuk keperluan TX/RX komunikasi radio pada umumnya atau kebutuhan


telegraph
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Agenda
GMDSS – PERANGKAT PER AREA (2)
 Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A3 diharuskan untuk melengkapi diri dengan perangkat
minimum dan tambahan set pilihan:
 1 set perangkat stasiun kapal Inmarsat C
 1 set Radio MF
 1 Receiver pemantauan DSC di 2187.5 KHz
 1 406 MHz EPIRB
 1 set Radio HF yang beroperasi di pita frekuensi maritim antara 1605-27500 KHz untuk keperluan
TX/RX komunikasi radio pada umumnya atau kebutuhan telegraph
Atau:
 1 set radio MF/HF yang mampu TX/RX di frekuensi distress & safety pita maritim 1605-27500 KHz
menggunakan DSC, radio teleponi, NBDP (Narrowband Direct Printing)
 1 Receiver MF/HF DSC yang mampu memantau terus di 2187.5 KHz, 8414.5 KHz, dan setidaknya 1
dari frekuensi distress DSC 4,207.5 kHz, 6,312 kHz, 12,577 kHz or 16,804.5 kHz kapan pun.
 1 406 MHz EPIRB
 1 set perangkat stasiun kapal Inmarsat C

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Agenda
GMDSS – PERANGKAT PER AREA (3)
 Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A4 diharuskan untuk melengkapi diri dengan perangkat
minimum dan tambahan:
 1 set radio MF/HF yang mampu TX/RX di frekuensi distress & safety pita maritim 1605-27500 KHz

menggunakan DSC, radio teleponi, NBDP (Narrowband Direct Printing)


 1 Receiver MF/HF DSC yang mampu memantau terus di 2187.5 KHz, 8414.5 KHz, dan setidaknya 1

dari frekuensi distress DSC 4,207.5 kHz, 6,312 kHz, 12,577 kHz or 16,804.5 kHz kapan pun.
 1 406 MHz EPIRB

 1 set Radio HF yang beroperasi di pita frekuensi maritim antara 1605-27500 KHz untuk keperluan

TX/RX komunikasi radio pada umumnya atau kebutuhan telegraph

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Agenda
GMDSS – KELAS PERANGKAT DSC
 Kelas A
Mencakup semua kemampuan di Annex 1, sesuai dengan standar persyaratan instalasi MF/HF dan/atau
VHF IMO GMDSS. Perangkat juga disarankan mendukung fitur tambahan semi-otomatis/otomatis
sesuai rekomendasi ITU-R M.689, ITU-R M.1082 dan Tables 4.10.1 & 4.10.2
 Kelas B (MF dan/atau VHF)
Menyediakan kemampuan minimum bagi kapal yang tidak diharuskan menggunakan Kelas A, sesuai
dengan standar persyaratan instalasi MF/VHF IMO GMDSS. Perangkat juga disarankan mendukung fitur
tambahan semi-otomatis/otomatis sesuai rekomendasi ITU-R M.689, ITU-R M.1082 dan Tables 4.10.1
& 4.10.2
 Kelas D (VHF)
Menyediakan kemampuan minimum untuk keperluan distress, urgency, safety via VHF DSC termasuk
pula panggilan/penerimaan rutin, tidak diharuskan sesuai dengan standar instalasi VHF IMO GMDSS.
Dapat mendukung layanan tambahan semi-otomatis/otomatis.
 Kelas E (MF dan/atau HF)
Serupa dengan Kelas D, untuk MF/HF DSC

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Agenda
GMDSS – PERBANDINGAN DSC
a Capability A B D E
Distress call √ √ √ √
All-ships call √ √ √
Individual station call √ √ √ √
Semi-automatic/automatic service call √ √
Use of distress, urgency, safety and routine priorities √ √ √ √
Nature of distress √ √ √ √
Distress coordinates √ √ √ √
Time for last (distress) position update √ √ √ √
Type of subsequent communications √ √ √ √
Distress relay √ √ X (Receive) X (Receive)
Distress acknowledgment √ √ X (Receive) X (Receive)
Test call (for MF/HF only) √ √
Radio frequency or channel √ √ √ √
Display √ √ √ √
Receive geographical area calls √ √ √
Alarm √ √
Optional means for canceling a distress alert √ √
Polling √
Position acknowledgement √
Test call √ √ √
Test acknowledgement √ √ √
Data √
Data acknowledgement √ 13
Agenda
GMDSS – KATEGORI EPIRB
 Kelas A. Analog 121.5/243 MHZ, Float-free, aktif otomatis, terdeteksi oleh pesawat, jangkauan
terbatas. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan.
 Kelas B. Analog 121.5/243 MHZ. Versi aktif manual dari Kelas A. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk
digunakan.
 Kelas C. Analog VHF ch15/16. Aktif manual, beroperasi hanya pada kanal maritim sehingga tidak
terdeteksi oleh satelit maupun pesawat pada umumnya. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan.
 Kelas S. Analog 121.5/243 MHZ. Serupa dengan Kelas B tetapi mengapung atau menjadi bagian dari
perahu darurat. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan.
 Kategori I. Digital 406/121.5 MHZ. Float-free, aktif otomatis, terdeteksi oleh satelit di dunia. Dikenal
dan digunakan oleh GMDSS saat ini.
 Kategori II. Serupa dengan Kategori I, kecuali aktif manual. Beberapa model water-activated.
 Inmarsat-E. 1646 MHz, Float-free, aktif otomatis, terdeteksi oleh satelit GEO Inmarsat. Tidak lagi
digunakan terhitung sejak 1 Desember 2006.

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Agenda
GMDSS – ANALOG & DIGITAL EPIRB
 Analog EPIRB (121.5 MHz) tidak dapat dideteksi oleh satelit GEO (GEO mencakup hingga 85% belahan
bumi).
 Digital EPIRB (406 MHz) dan Analog EPIRB dapat bekerja dengan satelit LEO, namun Digital EPIRB
bekerja lebih baik.
 Analog EPIRB hanya memancarkan sinyal di 121.5 MHz. Digital EPIRB selain memancarkan sinyal 121.5
MHz berdaya rendah, juga mengirimkan kode identifikasi digital di 406 MHz.
 Mayoritas kesalahan alert dari EPIRB 406 MHz dapat diselesaikan dengan mudah via panggilan telepon.
Lain hal dengan EPIRB 121.5 MHz dimana setiap kesalahan alert harus dicek ke sumber menggunakan
perangkat direction finding. Dengan demikian, EPIRB 406 MHz akan menghemat waktu SAR.
 Penerimaan alert oleh satelit Cospas-Sarsat dari EPIRB 121.5 MHz hanya dilakukan hingga 1 Februari
2009. Lewat tanggal tersebut, satelit hanya menerima dari EPIRB 406 MHz, seiring dengan perubahan
transmisi analog menjadi digital.
 Informasi lokasi yang diterima dari EPIRB 406 MHz jauh lebih akurat, dan sinyal yang dikirim pun
membawa informasi registrasi. Dari informasi registrasi tersebut, jika registrasi dilakukan dengan tepat,
dapat diketahui informasi kontak pemilik, informasi kontak darurat, dan karakteristik pengenal dari
armada bersangkutan.
www.swordfishingcentral.com15
Agenda
GMDSS – MMSI
Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) merupakan 9 digit nomor yang mengidentifikasikan
perangkat VHF. Bagian kiri dari MMSI menandakan negara dan jenis stasiun.
 Kapal (MIDXXXXXX)
 232,233,234,235 : Inggris -> contoh: 232003556

 525 : Indonesia

 Stasiun Pantai (00MIDXXXX)


 Contoh : 002320011 -> Solent Coastguard, Inggris

 Grup Stasiun (0MIDXXXXX)


 Contoh : 023207823

 Perangkat DSC Portable


 Contoh Inggris : 2359 -> 235900498

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Agenda
GMDSS – MF MARITIME CHANNEL (1)
 Kanal maritim di pita MF banyak ditujukan untuk daftar stasiun pantai dan keperluan
Distress, Safety, & Calling.
 List lengkap dapat dilihat di http://www.coastalradio.org.uk/freqlists/coastmf.pdf
Frekuensi MF Kode Keterangan
490.0 KHz MSI Digunakan eksklusif untuk Tx MSI (Maritime Safety Information) yang mencakup
informasi meteorology, dan informasi darurat dari stasiun penjaga pantai ke kapal
menggunakan media telegraph NBDP.
518.0 KHz MSI Digunakan eksklusif untuk sistem NAVTEX internasional
2174.5 KHz NBDP-COM Digunakan untuk keperluan trafik komunikasi marabahaya menggunakan media
telegraph NBDP
2182.0 KHz RTP-COM Digunakan untuk keperluan trafik komunikasi marabahaya menggunakan media radio
telepon. Kelas emisi J3E.
2187.5 KHz DSC

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Agenda
GMDSS – MF MARITIME CHANNEL (2)
Frekuensi MF Rentang Alokasi Keterangan TASFRI
GMDSS TASFRI
490.0 KHz 415-495 KHz Bergerak Maritim. Radionavigasi Penerbangan
5.79: Penggunaan pita frekuensi 415-495 kHz dan 505-526.5 kHz oleh maritim terbatas hanya untuk telegrafi radio.
5.79A: Pada saat mendirikan stasiun pantai dalam layanan NAVTEX pada frekuensi 490 kHz, 518 kHz dan 4209.5 kHz,
sangat dianjurkan untuk mengkoordinasikan operasionalnya lihat Resolusi 339.
518.0 KHz 505-526.5 KHz Beergerak Maritim. Radionavigasi Penerbangan. Bergerak Penerbangan. Bergerak darat
5.79, 5.79A (lihat 490.0 KHz)
5.84: Syarat-syarat penggunaan frekuensi 518 kHz oleh dinas bergerak maritim diuraikan dalam Artikel 31 dan 52.

2174.5 KHz 2173.5- 2190.5 Bergerak (marabahaya dan panggilan)


2182.0 KHz KHz 5.108: Frekuensi pembawa gelombang 2182 kHz digunakan untuk teleponi radio secara internasional guna keperluan
2187.5 KHz marabahaya dan frekuensi panggilan.
5.109: Frekuensi 2187.5 kHz, 4207.5 kHz, 6312 kHz, 8414.5 kHz, 12577 kHz, dan 16804.5 kHz merupakan frekuensi
marabahaya internasional bagi panggilan selektif digital.
5.110: Frekuensi 2174.5 kHz, 4117.5 kHz, 6268 kHz, 8376.5 kHz, 12520 kHz, dan 16695 kHz adalah frekuensi
marabahaya internasional bagi telegrafi cetak langsung berpita sempit.
5.111: Frekuensi pembawa 2182 kHz, 3023 kHz, 5680 kHz, 8364 kHz, dan frekuensi 121.5 MHz, 156.525 MHz, 156.8
MHz, dan 243 MHz dapat juga digunakan, berdasarkan prosedur yang berlaku bagi dinas komunikasiradio terestrial,
untuk operasi SAR yang terkait dengan kendaraan angkasa berawak.

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Agenda
GMDSS – HF MARITIME CHANNEL (1)
Channel F (KHz) F (KHz) Remarks
No Ship Coast
1-21 4000-4060 Simplex ship to ship HF frequencies, shared with fixed services C-1.
21 Channels, 3 KHz spacing for supplementing ship-to-shore channels for duplex operation in Sub-Section A;
# Sub-Section C-1 # for intership simplex (single-frequency) and cross-band operation;
for cross-band working with coast stations Sub-Section C-2
for duplex operation with coast stations working in the band 4438-4650 kHz;
for duplex operation with Channel Nos. 428 and 429
4063-4065 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission
(4063.3-4064.8)
6 Channles, 0.3 KHz spacing
401-427 4065-4146 4357-4438 Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony
(4066.4-4144.4) (4358.4-4436.4) Channel 421: 4125/4417 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety
27 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
428 4146-4152 (4146 & 4149) Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony, simplex operation
429 4146, 4149 4351, 4354 Coast station frequencies may be paired with a ship station frequency from the Table of simplex
# Sub-Section B # frequencies for ship and coast stations (see Sub-Section B) or with a frequency from the band 4 000-4
063 kHz (see Sub-Section C-1) to be selected by the administration concerned.
4152-4172 (4154-4170) Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission
5 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. systems
4172-4181.75 (4172.5-4181.5) 4209.25-4219.25 (4210.5-4219) Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not
18 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing 18 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK. 4209.5 exclusive NAVTEX type information transmission
4181.75-4186.75 (4182-4186.5) Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Common Channel : 4184 & 4184.5 KHz
4186.75-4202.25 (4187-4202) Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
31 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing
4202.25-4207.25 (4202.5-4207) Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission
10 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse
telegraphy (working)
4207.25-4209.25 (4207.5-4209) 4219.25-4221 (4219.5-4220.5) Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling
4 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing 3 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing
4221-4351 Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile,
special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

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Agenda
GMDSS – HF MARITIME CHANNEL (2)
Channel F (KHz) F (KHz) Remarks
number Ship Coast
601-608 6200-6224 6501-6525 Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony
(6201.4-6222.4) (6502.4-6523.4) Channel 606: 6215/6516 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety
8 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
6224-6233 Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony
(6225.4, 6228.4, 6231.4)
3 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
6233-6261 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission
(6235-6259) systems
7 Channel, 4 KHz spacing.
6261-6262.75 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission
(6261.3-6262.5)
5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing
6262.75-6275.75 6313.75-6330.75 Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not
(6263-6275.5) (6314-6330.5) exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK
6280.75-6284.75 34 Channel
(6281-6284.5) 0.5 KHz spacing
34 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing
6275.75-6280.75 Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
(6276-6280.5) Common Channel : 6276 & 6276.5 KHz
5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing
6284.75-6300.25 Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
(6285-6300)
31 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing
6300.25-6311.75 Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission
(6300.5-6311.5) systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse
23 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing telegraphy (working)
6311.75-6313.75 6330.75-6332.5 Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling
(6312.5-6313.5) (6331-6332)
4 Channel 3 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing 0.5 KHz spacing
6332.5-6501 Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile,
special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

20
Agenda
GMDSS – HF MARITIME CHANNEL (3)
Channel F (KHz) F (KHz) Remarks
number Ship Coast
1-31 8101-8191 Simplex ship to ship HF frequencies, shared with fixed services C-1.
31 Channels, 3 KHz spacing for supplementing ship-to-shore channels for duplex operation in Sub-Section A;
# Sub-Section C-2 # for intership simplex (single-frequency) and cross-band operation;
for cross-band working with coast stations Sub-Section C-2
For ship-to-shore or shore-to-ship simplex operations.
for duplex operation with Channel Nos. 834,835, 836 and 837
801-832 8195-8290 8719-8815 Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony
(8196.4-8289.4) (8720.4-8813.4) Channel 821: 8255/8779 is for Calling
32 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
833 8291 Simplex. Channel 833: 8255/8779 is for Calling
834-837 8294, 8297 8707, 8710, 8713, 8716 Coast station frequencies may be paired with a ship station frequency from the Table of simplex
# Sub-Section B # 4 Channels frequencies for ship and coast stations (see Sub-Section B) or with a frequency from the band 8100-
8195 kHz (see Sub-Section C-2) to be selected by the administration concerned.
8294-8300, (8295.4, 8298.4) Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony
2 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
8300-8340, (8302-8338) Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission
10 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. systems
8340-8341.75, (8340.3-8341.5) Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission
5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing
8341.75-8365.75, (8342-8365.5) Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
8370.75-8376.25, (8371-8376)
59 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing
8365.75-8370.75, (8366-8370.5) Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Common Channel : 8368 & 8369 KHz
8376.25-8396.25 8376.5,8416.25-8436.25 Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not
(8376.5-8396) (8417-8436) exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK
40 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing 40 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing
8396.25-8414.25, (8396.5-8414) Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission
36 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse
telegraphy (working)
8414.25-8416.25, (8414.5-8416) 8436.25-8438, (8436.5-8437.5) Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling
4 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing 3 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing
8438-8707 Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile,
special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

21
Agenda
GMDSS – HF MARITIME CHANNEL (4)
Channel F (KHz) F (KHz) Remarks
number Ship Coast
1201- 12230-12353 13077-13200 Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony
1241 (12231.4-12351.4) (13078.4-13198.4) Channel 1221: 12290/13137 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety
41 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
12353-12368 Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony
(12354.4 - 12366.4)
5 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
12368-12420 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission
(12370-12418) systems
13 Channel, 4 KHz spacing.
12420-12421.75 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission
(12420.3-12421.5)
5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing
12421.75-12476.75 Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
(12422-12476.5)
110 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing
12476.75-12549.75 12578.75-12656,75 Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not
(12477-12549.5) (12579-12656.5) exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK
12554.75-12559.75 156 Channel
(12555-12559.5) 0.5 KHz spacing
156 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing
12549.75-12554.75 Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
(12550-12554.5) Common Channel : 12552 & 12553.5 KHz
5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing
12559.75-12576.75 Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission
(12560-12576.5) systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse
34 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing telegraphy (working)
12576.75-12578.75 12656.75-12658.5 Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling
(12577-12578.5) (12657-12658)
4 Channel 3 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing 0.5 KHz spacing
12658.5-13077 Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile,
special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

22
Agenda
GMDSS – HF MARITIME CHANNEL (5)
Channel F (KHz) F (KHz) Remarks
number Ship Coast
1601- 16360-16528 17242-17410 Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony
1656 (16361.4-16526.4) (17243.4-17408.4) Channel 1621: 16420/17302 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety
56 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
16528-16549 Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony
(16529.4 – 16547.4)
7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
16549-16617 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission
(16551-16615) systems
17 Channel, 4 KHz spacing.
16617-16618.75 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission
(16617.3-16618.5)
5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing
16618.75-16683.25 Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
(16619-16683)
129 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing
16683.25-16733.75 16806.25-16902,75 Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not
(16683.5-16733.5) (16806.5-16902.5) exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK
16738.75-16784.75 193 Channel
(16739-16784.5) 0.5 KHz spacing
193 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing
16733.75-16738.75 Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
(16734-16738.5) Common Channel : 16736 & 16738 KHz
5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing
16784.75-16804.25 Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission
(16785-16804) systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse
39 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing telegraphy (working)
16804.25-16806.25 16902.75-16904.5 Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling
(16804.5-16806) (16903-16904)
4 Channel 3 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing 0.5 KHz spacing
16904.5-17242 Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile,
special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

23
Agenda
GMDSS – HF MARITIME CHANNEL (6)
Channel F (KHz) F (KHz) Remarks
number Ship Coast
1801- 18870-18825 19755-19800 Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony
1815 (18781.4-18823.4) (19756.4-19798.4) Channel 1806: 18795/19770 is for Calling
15 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
18825-18846 Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony
(18826.4 – 18844.4)
7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
18846-18870 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and
(18848-18868) special transmission systems
6 Channel, 4 KHz spacing.
18870-18892.75 19680.25-19703,25 Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems,
(18870.5-18892.5) (19681-19703.5) at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK
45 Channel 45 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing 0.5 KHz spacing
18892.75-18898.25 Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data
(18893-18898) transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and
11 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working)
18898.25-18899.75 19703.25-19705 Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling
(18898.5-18899.5) (19703.5-19704.5)
3 Channel 3 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing 0.5 KHz spacing
19705-19755 Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse
telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing
telegraphy systems

24
Agenda
GMDSS – HF MARITIME CHANNEL (7)
Channel F (KHz) F (KHz) Remarks
number Ship Coast
2201- 22000-22159 22696-22855 Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony
2253 (22001.4-22157.4) (22697.4-22853.4) Channel 2221: 22060/22756 is for Calling
53 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
22159-22180 Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony
(22160.4 – 22178.4)
7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
22180-22240 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission
(22182-22238) systems
15 Channel, 4 KHz spacing.
22240-22241.75 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission
(22240.3-22241.5)
5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing
22241.75-22279.25 Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
(22242-22279)
75 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing
22279.25-22284.25 Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
(22279.5-22284) Common Channel :22280.5 & 22281 KHz
5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing
22284.25-22351.75 22375.75-22443,75 Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not
(22284.5-22351.5) (22376-22443.5) exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK
135 Channel 135 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing 0.5 KHz spacing
22351.75-22374.25 Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission
(22352-22374) systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse
45 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing telegraphy (working)
22374.25-22375.75 22443.75-22445.5 Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling
(22374.5-22375.5) (22444-22445)
3 Channel 3 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing 0.5 KHz spacing
22445.5-22696 Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile,
special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

25
Agenda
GMDSS – HF MARITIME CHANNEL (8)
Channel F (KHz) F (KHz) Remarks
number Ship Coast
2501- 25070-25100 26145-26175 Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony
2510 (25071.4-25098.4) (26146.4-26173.4) Channel 2510: 25097/26172 is for Calling
10 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
25100-25121 Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony
(25101.4 – 25119.4)
7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing
25121-25161.25 Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special
(25123-25159) transmission systems
10 Channel, 4 KHz spacing.
26161.25-25171.25 Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
(26161.5-25171)
20 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing
25171.25-25172.75 Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy
Section IV – Morse telegraphy (calling) 0.5 KHz spacing
25172.75-25192.75 26100.25-26120,75 Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at
(25173.5-25192.5) (26100.5-26120.5) speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK
40 Channel 40 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing 0.5 KHz spacing
25192.75-25208.25 Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data
(25193-25208) transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A
31 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing or A1B Morse telegraphy (working)
25208.25-25210 26120.75-26122.5 Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling
(25208.5-25209.5) (26121-26122)
3 Channel 3 Channel
0.5 KHz spacing 0.5 KHz spacing
26122.5-26145 Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy,
facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

26
Agenda
GMDSS – HF MARITIME CHANNEL (9)
ITU-RR TASFRI
Pita HF
Lower Offset Upper Offset Lower Offset Upper Offset
4 MHz 4000.00 KHz 4438.00 KHz 4000.00 KHz 4438.00 KHz
6 MHz 6200.00 KHz 6525.00 KHz 6200.00 KHz 6525.00 KHz
8 MHz 8101.00 KHz 8815.00 KHz 8100.00 KHz 8815.00 KHz
12 MHz 12230.00 KHz 13200.00 KHz 12230.00 KHz 13200.00 KHz
16 MHz 16360.00 KHz 17410.00 KHz 16360.00 KHz 17410.00 KHz
18/19 MHz 18780.00 KHz 19800.00 KHz 18780.00 KHz 19800.00 KHz
22 MHz 22000.00 KHz 22855.00 KHz 22000.00 KHz 22855.00 KHz
25/26 MHz 25070.00 KHz 25210.00 KHz 25070.00 KHz 25210.00 KHz
26100.25 KHz 26175.00 KHz 26100.00 KHz 26175.00 KHz

27
Agenda
GMDSS – VHF MARITIME CHANNEL (1)
Channel F (MHz) Ship F (MHz) United Kingdom United States Australia
number Coast
0UK, 156.000 160.600 Private, coast guard Ⓐ
1US, 156.050 156.050 Port Operations and Commercial, VTS.
Available only in New Orleans/Lower
Mississippi area.
1UK,AU,ITU 156.050 160.650 Duplex Seaphone-based
2UK,AU,ITU 156.100 160.700 Duplex Seaphone-based
3UK,AU,ITU 156.150 160.750 Duplex Seaphone-based
4UK,AU,ITU 156.200 160.800 Duplex Seaphone-based
5US 156.250 156.250 Port Operations or VTS in the Houston, New
Orleans and Seattle areas.
5UK,AU,ITU 156.250 160.850 Duplex Seaphone-based
6US,UK,AU,ITU 156.300 156.300 Simplex, Ship-to-ship + Ship-to-Air Intership Safety Messages, SAR messages to Simplex, Rescue. International Co-Ordinated
Coast Guard ship/aircraft. Air to Sea Rescue Frequency. Ship & Aircraft
SAR
7US,AU 156.350 156.350 Commercial Seaphone-based
7UK,ITU 156.350 160.950 Duplex
8US,UK,AU,ITU 156.400 156.400 Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Commercial (Intership only) Port Ops. Tug & Pilot Boat Services,
Commerical Ship To Ship
9US,UK,AU,ITU 156.450 156.450 Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Boater Calling. Commercial and Non- Port Ops. First Preffered Aircraft To Ship Or
Commercial. Coast Station Channel
10US,UK,AU,ITU 156.500 156.500 Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Commercial Port Ops between Ship & Shore
11US,UK,AU,ITU 156.550 156.550 Simplex Commercial. VTS in selected areas. Port Ops between Ship & Shore
12US,UK,AU,ITU 156.600 156.600 Simplex Port Operations. VTS in selected areas. Harbor Control. Port Ops between Ship &
Shore
13US,UK,AU,ITU 156.650 156.650 Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Intership Navigation Safety (Bridge-to-bridge). International Shipping Navigation Channel
Ships >20m length maintain a listening watch
on this channel in US waters.
14US,UK,AU,ITU 156.700 156.700 Simplex Port Operations. VTS in selected areas. Ship To Shore/Shore To Ship
15US,UK,AU,ITU 156.750 156.750 Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Environmental (Receive only). Used by Class C Spills, Shipping Accidents-Ocean Environment
EPIRBs. Protection. Onboard communication power no
more than 1W

28
Agenda
GMDSS – VHF MARITIME CHANNEL (2)
Channel F (MHz) Ship F (MHz) United Kingdom United States Australia
number Coast
16US,UK,AU,ITU 156.800 156.800 Simplex. International distress, safety and calling. Used for initial contact - then select a Working Channel.
International Distress, Safety and Calling. Ships required to carry radio, USCG, and most coast stations maintain a listening watch on this
channel.
International Marine VHF Calling Channel
17US,UK,AU,ITU 156.850 156.850 Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ State Control Inland Waterways Control-State Govt Based.
Onboard communication power no more than
1W
18US,AU 156.900 156.900 Commercial Communication being navigation related and
the output transmission power limited to 1
watt or less to avoid harmful interference to
Channel 16.
18UK,AU,ITU 156.900 161.500 Duplex Public Use. Non-Commercial Boaters
19US 156.950 156.950 Commercial
19UK,AU,ITU 156.950 161.550 Duplex Public Use. Non-Commercial Boaters
20US 157.000 157.000 Port Operations
20UK, AU,ITU 157.000 161.600 Duplex Port Operations (duplex) Port Ops
21US 157.050 157.050 U.S. Coast Guard only
21UK,AU,ITU 157.050 161.650 Duplex Australian Volunteer Coast Guard [AVCG]
22US 157.100 157.100 Coast Guard Liaison and Maritime Safety
Information Broadcasts. Broadcasts
announced on channel 16.
22UK,AU,ITU 157.100 161.700 Duplex Australian Volunteer Coast Guard [AVCG]
23US 157.150 157.150 U.S. Coast Guard only
23UK,AU,ITU 157.150 161.750 Duplex Seaphone-based
24US,UK,AU,ITU 157.200 161.800 Duplex Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) Seaphone-based
25US,UK,AU,ITU 157.250 161.850 Duplex Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) Seaphone-based
26US,UK,AU,ITU 157.300 161.900 Duplex Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) Seaphone-based
27US,UK,AU,ITU 157.350 161.950 Duplex Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) Seaphone-based
28US,UK,AU,ITU 157.400 162.000 Duplex Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) Seaphone-based

29
Agenda
GMDSS – VHF MARITIME CHANNEL (3)
Channel F (MHz) Ship F (MHz) United Kingdom United States Australia
number Coast
29-36 Private
37UK 157.850 157,850 Private. Used By UK Marinas & Yacht Clubs
38-59 Private
60UK,AU,ITU 156.025 160.625 Duplex Seaphone-based
61UK,AU,ITU 156.075 160.675 Duplex Seaphone-based
62UK,AU,ITU 156.125 160.725 Duplex Seaphone-based
63US 156.175 156.175 Port Operations and Commercial, VTS.
Available only in New Orleans/Lower
Mississippi area.
63UK,AU,ITU 156.175 160.775 Duplex Seaphone-based
64UK,AU,ITU 156.225 160.825 Duplex Seaphone-based
65US 156.275 156.275 Port Operations
65UK,AU,ITU 156.275 160.875 Duplex Port Ops
66US 156.325 156.325 Port Operations
66UK,AU,ITU 156.325 160.925 Duplex Seaphone
67US,UK,AU,ITU 156.375 156.375 Simplex, Intership. HM Coastguard Search & Commercial. Used for Bridge-to-bridge Marine Weather Broadcast 4 times daily from
Rescue communications in lower Mississippi River. VMF555. Distress (supplementary)
Intership only.
68US,UK,AU,ITU 156.425 156.425 Simplex Non-Commercial Simplex, Port Ops
69US,UK,AU,ITU 156.475 156.475 Simplex, Ship-to-Ship Non-Commercial Australian Navy Operations
70US,UK,AU,ITU 156.525 156.525 Simplex. Digital Selective Calling (voice communications not allowed)
71US,UK,AU,ITU 156.575 156.575 Simplex Non-Commercial Professional Fishing Trawlers etc & Regd Boat
Clubs
72US,UK,AU,ITU 156.625 156.625 Simplex. Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Non-Commercial (Intership only) Simplex, Port Ops. Second Preffered Aircraft To
Ship Or Coast Station Channel
73US,UK,AU,ITU 156.675 156.675 Simplex. Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Port Operations Simplex, Intership. Third Preffered Aircraft To
Ship Or Coast Station Channel
74US,UK,AU,ITU 156.725 156.725 Simplex Port Operations Simplex, Port Ops
75US,UK,AU,ITU 156.775 156.775 Simplex Simplex, Intership. Ship To Ship
Communcations Only (1 watt)
76UK,AU,ITU 156.825 156.825 Simplex Simplex, Intership. Ship To Ship
Communcations Only (1 watt)

30
Agenda
GMDSS – VHF MARITIME CHANNEL (4)
Channel F (MHz) Ship F (MHz) United Kingdom United States Australia
number Coast
77US,UK,AU,ITU 156.875 156.875 Simplex. Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Port Operations (Intership only) Australian Volunteer Coast Guard [AVCG]
78US 156.925 156.925 Non-Commercial
78UK,AU,ITU 156.925 161.525 Duplex Non-commercial Ⓐ Non-commercial Calling & Working
79US 156.975 156.975 Commercial. Non-Commercial in Great Lakes
only
79UK,AU,ITU 156.975 161.575 Duplex Port Ops
80US 157.025 157.025 Commercial. Non-Commercial in Great Lakes
only
80UK,AU,ITU 157.025 161.625 Duplex. UK Marinas Only Safety & Shipping Movements
81US 157.075 157.075 U.S. Government only - Environmental
protection operations.
81UK,AU,ITU 157.075 161.675 Duplex Safety & Shipping Movements
82US,AU 157.125 157.125 U.S. Government only Communication being navigation related and
the output transmission power limited to 1
watt or less to avoid harmful interference to
Channel 16.
82UK,AU,ITU 157.125 161.725 Duplex Govt Safety Bodys Only-Police, Fire, Marine
Auth etc.
83US 157.175 157.175 U.S. Coast Guard only
83UK,AU,ITU 157.175 161.775 Duplex Seaphone-based
84US,UK,AU,ITU 157.225 161.825 Duplex Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) Seaphone-based
85US,UK,AU,ITU 157.275 161.875 Duplex Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) Seaphone-based
86AU 157.325 157.325 Communication being navigation related and
the output transmission power limited to 1
watt or less to avoid harmful interference to
Channel 16.
86US,UK,AU,ITU 157.325 161.925 Duplex Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) Seaphone-based
87US,UK,AU,ITU 157.375 157.375 Simplex Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) Automatic Ship Identification & Surviellance
System
87AU 157.375 161.975 Automatic Ship Identification & Surviellance
System
88US,UK,ITU 157.425 157.425 Simplex Commercial, Intership only.
88AU 157.425 162.025 Seaphone-based

31
Agenda
CONTOH KASUS
Dari informasi di lapangan diperoleh:
 Adanya laporan gangguan pada frekuensi VHF amatir (144-148 MHz) yang diidentifikasikan berasal dari
pengguna maritime.
 Adanya laporan gangguan pada frekuensi HF penerbangan (6641 KHz) yang diidentifikasikan berasal
dari pengguna maritime.
 Adanya informasi tentang kapal yang selain membawa perangkat komunikasi untuk pita frekuensi
maritim, juga membawa perangkat amatir, dan perangkat KRAP
 Temuan di lapangan penggunaan perangkat komunikasi radio VHF amatir untuk komunikasi pelayaran
rakyat (nelayan) karena harga perangkatnya lebih murah dibanding perangkat radio maritim.
 Teridentifikasinya penggunaan perangkat beacon yang ternyata telah obsolete penggunaannya di
internasional

32
Agenda
KESIMPULAN FREKUENSI MARITIM
Pita frekuensi untuk keperluan Dinas Maritime antara lain:
PITA FREKUENSI FREKUENSI APLIKASI
MF 490 kHz, 518 kHz MSI (Maritime Safety Information)
MF 2174.6 kHz NBDP Marabahaya
MF 2182 kHz Teleponi radio J3E marabahaya
MF 2187.5 kHz DSC (Digital Selective Calling)
HF 4000 - 4438 kHz DSC HF = 4207.5 kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 4125/4417 kHz
HF 6200 – 6525 kHz DSC HF = 6312.0 kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 6215/6516 kHz
HF 8101 – 8815 kHz DSC HF = 8414.5 kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 8255/8779 kHz
HF 12230 – 13200 kHz DSC HF = 12577.0 kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 12290/13137 kHz
HF 16360 – 17410 kHz DSC HF = 16804.5 kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 16420/17302 kHz
HF 18780 – 19800 kHz Calling, Distress, Safety = 18795/19770 kHz
HF 22000 – 22855 kHz Calling, Distress, Safety = 22060/22756 kHz
HF 25070 – 26175 kHz Calling, Distress, Safety = 25097/26172 kHz
VHF 156 – 162.05 MHz DSC VHF Channel 70 (156.525 MHz)
Calling, Distress, Safety VHF Channel 16 (156.800 MHz)
Intership Navigation VHF Channel 13 (156.650 MHz)

33
Agenda
TATA TERTIB KOMUNIKASI PELAYARAN
Armada laut wajib mematuhi kondisi:
 Membawa perangkat komunikasi pelayaran sesuai dengan area cakupan pelayarannya (A1,
A2, A3, atau A4)
 Membawa perangkat komunikasi maritim dan hanya menggunakannya pada pita frekuensi
maritim.
 Tidak membawa alat komunikasi amatir dan/atau alat komunikasi KRAP
 Menggunakan kanal frekuensi sesuai peruntukan, tidak semua kanal frekuensi
diperbolehkan digunakan untuk public correspondance (teleponi)
 Tidak menggunakan kanal frekuensi komunikasi pelayaran untuk tujuan iklan

34
Agenda