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Effects of Phone Usage

on Teens versus Adults


BY: SAHANA GILLISS
AND JULIANA YAGYU
Purpose
oThe purpose of our project is to find out if both teenagers and
adults experience negative effects from phone usage, and to find out
if one age group is more likely to experience the negative influences
from phone usage and why.
Research Questions, Hypothesis
oResearch Question: How does the usage of smartphones and social
media affect the behavior of teenagers and adults differently?
oHypothesis: If teens have more exposure to social media and
technology and are more likely to use it more, then they will suffer
more negative effects than adults.
Lit Review Matrix - Sahana
oFarquhar, L., & Davidson, T. (2014). FACEBOOK FRETS: THE ROLE OF
SOCIAL MEDIA USE IN PREDICTING SOCIAL AND FACEBOOK-
SPECIFIC ANXIETY. Journal Of The Alabama Academy Of Science,
oLevitan, J. (2017). Social Media Use as a Predictor of Personality.
International Journal Of Health, Wellness & Society
oMatar Boumosleh, J., & Jaalouk, D. (2017). Depression, anxiety, and
smartphone addiction in university students- A cross sectional
study.
Lit Review Matrix (cont.) - Juliana
oSiddiqui, M., & Ali, A. Z. (2015). ADDICTIVE CELL PHONE USAGE: THE
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN IMPULSIVINESS AND BEHAVIORAL ADDICTION
Pakistan Journal Of Psychology
oLup, K., Trub, L., & Rosenthal, L. (2015). Instagram #Instasad?: Exploring
Associations Among Instagram Use, Depressive Symptoms, Negative
Social Comparison, and Strangers Followed. Cyberpsychology, Behavior
& Social Networking
oVidales-Bolaños, M., & Sádaba-Chalezquer, C. (2017). Connected Teens:
Measuring the Impact of Mobile Phones on Social Relationships through
Social Capital
Procedure
1. Write and print 60 copies of the survey. We will be surveying 30
teenagers and 30 adults in our community.
2. Find our participants at school, in our neighborhood, and in our family.
3. Make sure minors have parental consent by handing out forms for them
to fill out
4. Everyone that agrees has parental consent if necessary and will
complete the 25 question survey manually and online then turn it in to us
5. Record and analyze to make graphs according to the participants'
answers
Our Survey
Adults Teens

Whether or not adult participants feel a personal attachment to their phones

Whether or not adult Whether or not teenage


participants feel a personal participants feel a personal
attachment to their phones attachment to their phones

Results
Adults

How much time, per day, our adult How much time, per day, our
participants spend on their phone teenage participants spend on their
phone
Results (cont.)
How important adult How important teenage
participants think their participants think their phones
phones are are
Results (cont.)
The social media platforms adult The social media platforms teenage
participants use the most participants use the most

Results (cont.)
Sources of Error
oCollected unnecessary data
oDid not collect "effects" (Shown in graphs)
oDisplayed unimportant data
oNo variables
Next Steps
oTo thoroughly answer a specific topic (sleep patterns, behavior)
possibly involving effects
oUse a wider range of people
oCollect more in-depth data
Conclusion
Instead of finding the effects of phone usage, we found information
on how, when, and why people use their phones. We will not make
the same mistake again next year as our sources of error made our
data unimportant. Next steps might include another survey or
project that studies sleep, mood, etc.
Special Thanks
Ms. Allard
Mr. Schomer
Mrs. Keely
Ms. Miller
Participants who took the survey
Our parents