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VOCABULARY BUILDING

1. JESUIT
• a member of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic
order of priests founded by St. Ignatius Loyola, St. Francis
Xavier, and others in 1534, to do missionary work.
2. SPINSTER
• an unmarried woman, typically an older woman beyond
the usual age for marriage.
3. SONOROUS
• Having a sound that is deep, loud, and pleasant.
4. MINERALOGY
• The scientific study of minerals.
Life and Works of Rizal
CHAPTER 4
Scholastic-Triumphs at Ateneo de Manila
(1872-1877)
• SAN JUAN DE LETRAN
-Dominican-owned college and a rival of Ateneo de
Manila.
• ATENEO MUNICIPAL
- formerly known as Escuela Pia, a charity school for
poor boys in Manila which was established by 1817 and later
became Ateneo de Manila.
• Rizal took and passed the entrance examinations on
Christian doctrine, arithmetic, and reading at the College of
San Juan de Letran but he enrolled in Ateneo when he came
back to Manila.
RIZAL ENTERS THE ATENEO
• FATHER MAGIN FERRANDO
He was the college registrar and refused to admit Rizal
for two reasons:
(1) he was late for registration
(2) he was sickly and undersized for his age
• MANUEL XEREZ BURGOS
He was a nephew of Father Burgos
RIZAL ENTERS THE ATENEO
TITAY
A spinster and owner of the boarding house where
Rizal boarded to settle the bill owed by Titay by about
P300.00
JESUIT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION
Reasons why Jesuit system of education was advanced
than other college.

• It trained the character of the student by rigid discipline and


religious instruction.
• It promoted physical culture, humanities, and scientific studies.
• It offered vocational courses in agriculture, commerce,
mechanics, and surveying.
• They acquired prestige as an excellent college for boys.
JESUIT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION
TWO GROUPS OF STUDENT
• Roman Empire consisting of the internos (red flag)
• Carthaginian Empire consisting of the externos (blue flag)
5 RANKS
1. Emperor
2. Tribune
3. Decurion
4. Centurion
5. Standard-bearer
JESUIT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION
• RAYADILLO
A uniform which
consisted of “hemp-fabric
trousers” and “striped cotton
coat.”
RIZAL’S FIRST YEAR IN ATENEO (1872-1873)
• FATHER JOSE BECH
Rizal’s first professor
Being a newcomer and knowing little Spanish Rizal was
placed at the bottom of the class. He was an externo, hence
he was assigned to the Carthaginians, occupying the end of
the line. At the end of the month, he became “emperor”.
RIZAL’S FIRST YEAR IN ATENEO (1872-1873)
• SANTA ISABEL COLLEGE
Where Rizal took his Spanish lessons during recess and
paid it for Php3.00

Rizal returned to Calamba for his summer vacation. He did


not particularly enjoy his vacation because his mother was in
prison. Without telling his father, he went to Sta. Cruz and
visited his mother in prison and told her of his brilliant
grades at the Ateneo.
RIZAL’S SECOND YEAR IN ATENEO
(1873-1874)

He again became an emperor; he also received excellent


grades in all subjects and a gold medal. At March 1874, he
returned to Calamba for his vacation.
PROPHECY OF MOTHER’S RELEASE
• Dona Teodora told her son of her dream the previous night.
Rizal, interpreting the dream, told her that she would be
released from prison in three month’s time.
• Rizal’s prophecy became true. Barely three months passed,
and suddenly Dona Teodora was set free.
• Dona Teodora, happily back in Calamba, was even more
proud of her son Jose whom she likened to the youthful
Joseph in the Bible in his ability to interpret dreams.
TEENAGE INTEREST IN READING
• THE COUNT OF MONTE CRISTO
The first favorite novel of Rizal written by Alexander
Dumas.
• UNIVERSAL HISTORY BY CESAR CANTU
According to Rizal, this valuable work was of great aid
in his studies and enabled him to win more prizes in Ateneo.
• TRAVELS IN THE PHILIPPINES BY DR. FEODOR JAGOR
RIZAL’S THIRD YEAR IN ATENEO (1874-1875)
• He only got 1 medal in his Latin subject. He failed to win the
medal in Spanish because his spoken Spanish was not
fluently sonorous. March 1875 he returned to Calamba for
summer vacation.
RIZAL’S FOURTH YEAR IN ATENEO
(1875-1876)
• JUNE 16, 1875
-Rizal became an interno in the Ateneo.
• FATHER FRANCISCO DE PAULA SANCHEZ
-Rizal’s favorite teacher
Rizal won 5 medals and topped in all subjects and on March,
1876 he returned to Calamba.
LAST YEAR IN ATENEO (1876-1877)
• JUNE 1876
When Rizal returned to Manila for his last year in the
Ateneo.
Rizal finished his last year at the Ateneo in a blaze of glory.
He obtained the highest grades in all subject – philosophy,
physics, biology, chemistry, languages, mineralogy, etc.
GRADUATION WITH HIGHEST HONOR
• Rizal graduated as the head of his class. He became the
pride of the Jesuits and he obtained highest grades in all
subjects. He received the degree of Bachelor of Arts with
highest honors during commencement exercise.
EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES IN ATENEO
• He was an emperor and a campus leader outside.
• Secretary of the Marian Congregation
• Member of Academy of Spanish Literature
• Member of Academy of Natural Sciences

• FATHER JOSE VILACLARA


He advised Rizal to stop communing with the muses
but to pay more attention to practical studies. Such as
philosophy and natural sciences.
EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES IN ATENEO
• Rizal studied painting at AGUSTIN SAEZ the famous Spanish
painter and sculpture under ROMUALDO DE JESUS, noted
Filipino sculptor.
• Furthermore, Rizal, to develop his weak body, engaged in
gymnastics and fencing. He thereby continued the physical
training he began under his sports-minded Tio Manuel.
SCULPTURAL WORKS IN ATENEO
• THE VIRGIN MARY
-He carved an image with Batikuling (Phil. Hardwood)
with his pocket knife.
• FATHER LLEONART
-Requested Rizal to carved an image of SACRED HEART
OF JESUS.
POEMS WRITTEN IN ATENEO
• Doña Teodora was the first one to discover Rizal’s poetical
talent while Fr. Sanchez helped Rizal to develop his talent.
• Mi Primera Inspiration (My First Inspiration)
• Through Education Our Motherland Receives Light
• The Intimate Alliance between Religion and Good Education
• To the Child Jesus
• To the Virgin Mary
POEMS WRITTEN IN ATENEO
In 1875, inspired by Father Sanchez, he wrote more poems,
such as:
• Felicitacion(Felicitation)
• El Embarque: Himno a la Flota de Magallanes(The Departure:
Hymn to Magellan’s Fleet)
• Y Es Espanol: el Primero en dar la Vuela al Mundo(And He is
Spanish: Elcano, the First to Circumnavigate the World)
• El Combate: Urbiztondo, Terror de Jolo(The Battle: Urbiztondo,
Terror of Jolo)
POEMS WRITTEN IN ATENEO
In 1876, Rizal wrote poems on various topics-religion,
education, childhood memories, and war. They were as
follows:
• Un Recuerdo a Mi Pueblo
• Alianza Intima Entre la Religion y la Buena Educacion
• Por la Educacion Recibe Lustre la Patria
• El Cautiverio u el Triunfo: Batalla de Lucena y Prision de
Boabdil
• La Entrada Triunfal de los Reyes Catolices Granada
DRAMATIC WORK IN ATENEO
• SAN EUSTACIO, MARTIR
The title of religious drama requested by Father
Sanchez for Rizal to wrote.
FIRST ROMANCE OF RIZAL
• SEGUNDA KATIGBAK
A 14 yr. old Batangueña
from Lipa whom Rizal first fell
in love.
• MARIANO KATIGBAK
Brother of Segunda.
• LA CONCORDIA COLLEGE
Where Segunda and
Olimpia (Rizal’s sister) studied.

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