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Good Standardisation Practice

Good Standardisation Practice Good Standardisation Practice Guides Annex 3 of the WTO TBT agreement Principles of

Good Standardisation Practice Guides Annex 3 of the WTO TBT agreement

Principles of Good Standards Practice

Principles of good practice for international standards organisations

Regional Good Standardization Practice Course

18-20 July, Bangkok, Thailand

2012

Importance of Standards

  • WTO TBT agreement stresses the importance of standards

  • Effective and efficient way of including technical aspects in technical regulations

    • Annex 3 provides guidance for bodies on how to develop and

approve standards for use in a way that will allow them to suitable

for use in technical regulations because they would have taken into account the key principles of the WTO TBT agreement.

Annex 3 Code of good practice

Substantive Provisions

  • D. In standards all products should be treated the same regardless of where they were made or where they come from.

  • E. Standards shall not create unfair barriers.

Annex 3 Code of good practice

  • F. If an appropriate international standard exists you should use it as your own standard. But you don’t have to if it is not suitable.

  • G. You should find an appropriate way to participate in developing international standards so that you can adopt them as your own in areas that are important to you.

Annex 3 – Code of good practice F. If an appropriate international standard exists you should

Annex 3 Code of good practice

  • H. Coordinate your work with other bodies in the region or with whom you trade so that your standards do not conflict ..

Annex 3 – Code of good practice H. Coordinate your work with other bodies in the

Annex 3 Code of good practice

  • I. What it does is more important than how its made.

Annex 3 – Code of good practice I. What it does is more important than how
  • J. Tell the others what you have done and what you are busy with at least once every six months.

    • K. Be a member of ISONET and let

the world know what you are doing.

Annex 3 Code of good practice

  • L. Allow at least 60 days for members of the public and your trading partners to comment on draft standards you intend to adopt.

  • L. You should let them know if the draft is based on an

international standard and if you have deviated from it at all.

Annex 3 – Code of good practice L. Allow at least 60 days for members of

Annex 3 Code of good practice

  • M. Make the draft available so that people can comment if they

want to – it doesn’t have to be free but if you charge for the draft, you must charge the same to all.

  • N. Don’t ignore the comments.

2012

Annex 3 – Code of good practice M. Make the draft available so that people can

GSP 8

Annex 3 Code of good practice

  • O. Once the standard has been adopted, it shall be promptly published.

Annex 3 – Code of good practice O. Once the standard has been adopted, it shall

P. Don’t hide what you are doing – if someone wants to know what you are doing you must

let them know.

Annex 3 Code of good practice

  • Q. Be a good neighbour

Annex 3 – Code of good practice Q. Be a good neighbour If one of your

If one of your trading partners needs some help you really should help them and if they have a complaint about what you are doing you should try to resolve it.

WTO TBT - Triennial review process

  • Agreement is regularly reviewed by the contracting parties

  • Identify problems that may have been encountered during

implementation

Significantly more states now than when agreement was initially drafted.

Second triennial review of the TBT agreement

Article 17 ff

  • 1. Acknowledged the importance of international standards in

reducing technical barriers to trade.

  • 2. Strongly encouraged all members to participate internationally to develop relevant international standards

  • 3. Recognised that the bodies participating in international bodies are

different but their obligation to follow good standards practice is the same

  • 4. For international standards to be effective they must seek input from a diversity of members and must be of good quality.

Committee adopted a set of six principles they felt were important

for international standards were suitable

Key principles of good standards Practice

  • Transparency *

  • Openness *

  • Consensus and impartiality *

  • Market relevance and effectiveness *

  • Coherence *

  • Development dimension *

* explicit principles for the “development of international standards, guides and recommendations with relation to

articles 2, 5 and Annex 3 of the WTO/TBT agreement as described in Annex 4 of the second triennial review of the WTO TBT agreement

ISO standardization Overview of some key principles

  • Transparency

*

  • Openness *

  • Consensus and impartiality *

  • Market relevance and effectiveness *

  • Coherence *

  • Development dimension *

  • Stakeholder engagement

  • Due process

  • National implementation/adoption

* explicit principles for the “development of international standards, guides and recommendations with relation to

articles 2, 5 and Annex 3 of the WTO/TBT agreement as described in Annex 4 of the second triennial review of the WTO TBT agreement

Applicability of good standards principles

  • Principles not unique to WTO or WTO members

  • UNECE endorses the use of international standards in

regulations (recommendation L) and the WTO / TBT principles of

developing suitable international standards (see review March

2012)

  • ITU T adopted same principles

The basis for codes of good practice

  • SDOs Develop standard in the context of own legal environment

and social framework.

  • Develop structures, rules, forms etc to ensure that they adhere

to good practice and do so consistently

  • Typically, each SDO is comprised of Boards, Committees and staff who establish and maintain the policies, procedures and

guidelines that help ensure the integrity of the standards

development process, and the standards that are generated as an

outcome of this process.

Applying Good Standards Practice

  • Many National Standards bodies used the WTO / TBT principles to approve standards as national standards

See:

»

BS 0 (UK);

» SANS 1-1(South Africa); » SG 001 (Australia)

  • Some cases work is done by one or more SDOs

NSB uses codes based on same principles to approve standards as national standards

See:

» ANSI Essential Requirements

» CAN-P-1:2011 Canada

Implementation of the guidance

Procedural Consistency (Due Process)

  • SDOs put in place systems

  • Ensure that they meet and continue to meet the objectives

Records to demonstrate Obligations are met Manage Commitments of membership to international organisations or agreements Fairly managing Expectations of stakeholders

  • Many organisations have [quality] management systems in place

ISO Good practice guidance

  • ISO/IEC guide 59 1994

Pre-dates WTO TBT agreement

  • Principles taken up into WTO TBT agreement

  • Sets out to achieve the principles of fairness, openness,

transparency and relevance

  • ISO/IEC directives sets rules for the development and

management of international standards

  • ISO code of ethics (2004) commits members of ISO to following

key principles of fairness, openness and participation.

  • Most members have developed their own rules based on legal

framework; stakeholder input and other obligations (eg WTO/ TBT requirements). Most are very similar to ISO / IEC directives.

  • ISO process through ISO IEC directives and management of the

standards development process

  • Seeks to achieve all of the objectives of the WTO TBT code of good practice

Standards meet requirements Members can adopt them as their own

  • ISO is committed to develop standards that meet objectives of

the WTO TBT code of good practice as articulated in the second

triennial review of the WTO/TBT agreement.

Measuring Conformity to Good practice guidelines

  • Self-assessment guide

  • Guidelines not intended as a requirements document

  • Substantive provisions of Annex 3 are included under

appropriate principles Can you demonstrate that you meet these provisions?

Substantive provisions can be implemented and verified Requirement of membership

Summary - Good practice guidance

  • Lays the foundation for effective stakeholder engagement for the

development of standards Incorporates the important interests

Fair and transparent Effective and relevant Consensus based

  • Effective stakeholder engagement results in more effective

standards:

Content Acceptability Relevance