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Minor Project – II

B. Tech 6th Semester

Mr. Gorfad Vijaykumar D


Assistant Professor
Aeronautical Engineering Department, PIET
Faculty of Engineering & Technology, Parul University
1.Design and Fabrication of Water Tunnel for
Flow Visualization

 Abstract

 Flow Visualization is an important aspect to study flow physics. We know


that it is a tough task to visualize air flow in wind-tunnel as it requires
complex set up.
 Water tunnel can be constructed in such a way to visualize flow
phenomenon over a body.

 Aim or Objective

 The purpose of this project is design and fabricate a water- tunnel that can
be used in aerodynamics laboratory for visualization of flow past circular
cylinders, airfoils, etc.
Methodology
Methodology
 Flow Process or Methods
 Preparation of Literature Review.
 Make efficient design.
 Select Design Software.
 Drafting 3D new design in Software.
 Fabricate water tunnel model
 Prepare flow visualization setup

 Requirement
 Designing Software.
 Work shop for the fabrication
Outcomes & Application
 Outcome
 Develop efficient design of water tunnel for flow visualization
 Student able to draw in Design Software and construct water tunnel
 Students will get clear idea about flow phenomenon over a body.

 Application
 Aerodynamics/ fluid mechanics laboratory for efficient and easy way
to Study flow Phenomenon.

 Approximate Cost
 5000 rupees
2.Design cost efficient UAV for Agriculture
activates.

 Abstract
 India is a country of farmers.
 Pesticide control spraying is most dangerous task as far as health of a farmer
is concerned because farmer put them selves in direct contact with the
poison while spraying the crops.
 If an UAV can be developed at a cost that an farmer can afford that will be a
life changing innovation in agriculture industry.
 This UAV can also be used in domestic pest control activates during
monsoon or during medical emergencies in residential areas.

 Aim or Objective
 The purpose of this project is design and Develop a cost efficient UAV that
can carry liquid pesticide control liquids with spraying mechanism.
 Expected payload carrying capacity is 10- 15 kg.
 At experimental stage model can be developed and stated for smaller
payload too.
Methodology
Methodology
 Methodology
 Preparation of Literature Review.
 Make efficient and low cost design.
 Select Design Software to prepare model design.
 Drafting 3D new design in Software.
 Select spraying mechanism.
 Fabricate UAV model
 Testing with payload and spraying mechanism.
 Requirement
 Designing Software.
 Aircraft modelling and design Lab for UAV model and other required
setups.
Outcomes & Application
 Outcome
 Students will able to understand design process and difficulties as per
requirements.
 Students will get to know how knowledge of aeronautical engineering
can be using in other industries.
 Success full completion of this project will open the door for their
entrepreneurship in Agricultural Industry.
 Application
 Pesticide control activities in Agricultural Areas and Domestic areas.

 Approximate Cost
 15000- 20000 rupees
 That can be decreased after implementing innovative ideas.
3. Computational and experimental Studies of effect
of dimple on Airfoil in Ground Proximity
 Abstract
 Research suggest that ground proximities plays an important role in
Aerodynamics of an airfoil or wing.
 Studies have already been done for various airfoil performance in ground
proximity.
 It will be interesting to study effect of ground proximity on an airfoil with
dimple at various location and of various size.
 Study will involve experimental analysis as well as computational analysis.

 Aim or Objective
 The purpose of this project is effect of dimple on Airfoil in Ground Proximity
on the Aerodynamics of the Airfoil and pressure distribution.
Methodology
Methodology
 Process or Methods
 Preparation of Literature Review.
 Choose Airfoil Geometry and dimple size and location .
 Select Design Software.
 Prepare 3D model in Software.
 CFD analysis for prepared model.
 Change the location of dimple and repeat the study.
 Prepare airfoil model for experimental study.
 Collect data and prepare report.
Methodology
 Requirement
 Designing Software.
 Work shop for the fabrication of Airfoil model.
 Wind-tunnel, flow visualization set-up
 Pressure measurement set-up.
Outcomes & Application
 Outcome
 Student will get experience on CFD Tools and experimental
aerodynamics tools.
 Study will give an idea about research and developments.
 Students will get to know the effect of dimple and ground proximities
on an airfoil aerodynamics.
 Application
 Automobile (spoilers or cars and sports cars)
 Aircraft wing ( effect of dimple at the time of landing and take off)
 New wing for ground effect vehicle design
 Approximate Cost
 3000 rupees
4. Design a bird inspired Ground Effect Vehicle for
marine transport.
 Abstract
 Research suggest that ground proximities plays an important role in
Aerodynamics of an airfoil or wing.
 A Ground effect vehicle is an aircraft that flies in close proximity to the
ground to get the advantages of ground effect aerodynamics. That is
expected to reduce the drag and increase the life so as to increase the fuel
efficiency of aircraft .

 Aim or Objective
 The purpose of this project is to design and prepare a model for Ground
effect vehicle .
 That can be used as marine transport.
 Take the inspiration of wing design from birds that are flying near the sea
level.
Methodology
Methodology
 Process or Methods
 Preparation of Literature Review.
 Prepare conceptual design .
 Select Design Software.
 Prepare 3D model in Software.
 CFD analysis for prepared model.
 Prepare the model.
 Testing
Methodology
 Requirement
 Designing Software.
 Work shop for the fabrication of Airfoil model.
 Wind-tunnel, flow visualization set-up
 Pressure measurement set-up.
Outcomes & Application
 Outcome
 Student will get experience on CFD Tools and experimental
aerodynamics tools.
 Study will give an idea about research and developments.
 Students will get to know the effect of dimple and ground proximities
on an airfoil aerodynamics.
 Application
 New wing for ground effect vehicle design
 Approximate Cost
 15000 rupees