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STRUCTURAL BALANCE

• Figure 8.57 Balanced cross-section through a part of the Canadian Rockies. [From Price and Fermor,
1985. ª Department of Natural Resources Canada. All rights reserved.]
SMALL-SCALE STRUCTURES, AND SCALING

Figure 8.64 Map of regional thrust


faults in the Canadian Rockies.
Cross-hatched symbols identify
transfer zones where decreasing
tranlation on one ‘dying’ fault is
compensated by increasing
translation on an ‘emerging’ fault.
[From Dahlstrom, 1969a.
Reproduced with permission of the
National Research Council of
Canada from Canadian Journal of
Earth Sciences.]
CONCLUDING THOUGHTS
10000
1000
100
10

Cumulative Number of Faults


Cumulative Number of Faults

+ + + + ++++++++

Per Km of Sample Line


+++
++++ Slope is Fractal Dimension
+
+ ++
+ ++ +
+
56 Sample Lines
+++
+ ++
+ +
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
++
+
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+
25 m
Resolution

Fault Throw (m) Fault Throw (m)

Figure 8.65 Log-log plot of cumulative number of Figure 8.66 Log-log plot of cumulative number of faults
faults versus fault throw (m). Measurements taken intercepted per kilometer of sample line versus faultthrow.
from seismic lines, where resolution on throw is ~25 [Yielding et al., 1992, First Break, 10, p. 449—460.]
m. [From Yielding et al., 1992, First Break, 10, p. 449—
460.]