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FOURTH

GENRATION
(4G)
What is fourth generation (4G)
mobile systems?
Fourth generation mobile
communications systems that are
characterised by high-speed data rates
at 20 to 100 Mbps, suitable for high-
resolution movies and television, virtual .
Initial deployments are anticipated in
2006-2010.
Generations Timeline
3G Phones
3G Realities
 A recent study by Herschel Shosteck Associates noted that
operators that pay large amounts for spectrum will have to charge
end users so much that adoption of 3G will be slow.

 Another study by Strategy Analytics agreed, predicting that, while


wireless data revenues will soar, 3G networks will account for less
than a quarter of that revenue by 2010. So-called 3G killer apps
such as multimedia won't succeed, the second study said.

 Pent-up demand: Now there's the rub. Even NTT DoCoMo doesn't
think there's much pent-up demand among consumers for 3G
multimedia services, so it will target its initial 3G offering at business
-- and price it accordingly.
4G Provides Mobility & Capacity

4G
“Killer” Applications of 4G
 Visualized virtual navigation
Telegeoprocessing: GIS, GPS
 Life- saving: Telemedicine
 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) for
IPv6
Related Research Topics
 OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Multiple
Access)
 MC-CDMA (Multicarrier Code Division
Multiple Access)
 Software Defined Radio (SDR): FPGA,
DSP
 Multiple-Output Multiple Input (MIMO)
Impacts of 3G and 4G
 Data Speed – 70 mbps
 Starting to invest serious time
 Wireless technologies
Difference between 3G & 4G
Major 3G 4G
requirement
driving
architecture

Speeds 384 Kbps - 2Mbps 20 - 100 Mbps

Bandwidth 5-20 MHz 100 MHz

Component Optimized antenna Smarter


Design design Antennas,
Software
Advantage
 MAGIC

 Affordable cost
Disadvantage
 Battery usage is more

 Hard to implement

 Need complicated
hardware
Future Outlook
 4G is coming quicker

 Wireless is cheaper
Conclusion
 High Speed Capacity, low cost per bit

 Single worldwide cellular network


Evolving Wireless Technologies –
Where We Are and Where We’re Going

Digital Standards

2.5 to 3G – Next Generation Networks


• CDMA – CDMA 1X, 1XEVDO (Evolution Data Only)
– CDMA 1X – up to 144 kbps
– CDMA EVDO – 400 kbps to 2 Mbps Max (400-700 kbps)

• GSM – GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, WCDMA, HSDPA


– GPRS – 144 kbps Max (50-70 kbps) (Global Packet Radio System)
– EDGE – 384 kbps Max (144 kbps) (Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution)
– HSDPA – up to 3.6 Mbps – 550 kbps to 1.1 Mbps (High Speed Downlink
Packet Access)
– UMTS / WCDMA – 384 Kbps to 2 Mbps

4G – The Next Step in High Speed Networks


– Evolving options, e.g., WiMAX, and further extensions of existing
standards

16
4G: The Next Phase of Wireless Evolution
 Sprint Nextel’s 4G WiMAX strategy:

 Sprint Nextel plans to develop and deploy the first 4G nationwide broadband
network beginning in 2007 using mobile WiMAX IEEE 802.16e-2005 technology
as the standard.

• “The company's deployment plans target a launch of the advanced wireless broadband
services in trial markets by the end of 2007 with plans to deploy a network that reaches as
many as 100 million people in 2008. Sprint Nextel plans to expand mobile WiMAX network
coverage thereafter.” (Initial markets include Chicago and Washington, DC)

Source: Sprint Nextel 17


Broadband Speedometer –
Maximum Download Speeds

30 Mbps

30 Mbps
15 Mbps
3.6 Mbps

20 Mbps
3 Mbps
3 Mbps

5 Mbps
2 Mbps

2 Mbps
1.5 Mbps
Not to Scale

384 kbps
768 kbps

144 kbps
144 kbps
56 kbps

IX RTT

FiOS

FiOS

FiOS
ADSL

ADSL

ADSL

EDGE
GPRS

Dial-Up EVDO EVDO HSDPA UMTS / WiMAX Cable


Rev. A WCDMA Modem

Wireline 2.5 G Wireless 3G Wireless 4G Wireless 18


Multiple Sources: Webopedia, bandwidthplace.com, PC Magazine, carriers, ISPs
Queries
“?”