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A

PRESENTATION ON

PLC, SCADA, HMI


AND DRIVES

BY
SIMRANJIT SINGH
(1241091)

.
AUTOMATION
Automation is the use of control systems and information
technologies to reduce the need for human work in the
production of goods and services.
NEED OF AUTOMATION

 To reduce human effort.


 Reliability and precision.
 Flexibility.
 To get maximum production in minimum time with
minimum cost.
ADVANTAGES OF AUTOMATION

 Replacing humans in tasks done in dangerous


environments (i.e. fire, space, volcanoes).
 Performing tasks that are beyond human
capabilities of size, weight, speed)
 Economy improvement.
DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOMATION

 Unemployment.
 Unpredictable development costs.

 High initial cost.

 Lack of intelligence
ENGINEERING TOOLS
 PLC(Programmable logic controller)
 SCADA(Supervisory control and data acquisition)

 HMI(Human machine interface)


 DCS(Distributed control system)

 Drives
PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER
 (Programmable Logic Controller): PLC is a
multipurpose clock driven memory based electronic
device which is also known as specialized industrial
computer which deals with different level of
complexity and control system.
ROLE OF PLC IN AUTOMATION
 Flexible
 Visual observation

 Space efficient

 Pilot running

 Speed of operation
ADVANTAGES OF PLC
 Flexibility
 Correcting Errors & implementing changes.

 Testing

 Large quantity of contacts.

 Reliability and maintainability.


DISADVANTAGE OF PLC
 Hold-up time is more.
 Fail safe operation

 Environmental consideration
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF PLC
. Monitor

Isolated Processor
Isolated
InputIs Output

Memory

Power supply
PARTS OF PLC
 Processor
 Memory

 Input

 Output

 Power Supply
MONITOR
 It provides a visual status of PLC.It may have
LCD screen or LED indicator.
COMMUNICATION PORT
It is used to connect the PLC with computer. A communication
cable is used for this purpose.
ISOLATED INPUTS

The inputs of the PLC are various sensor which


are used to sense the condition at the remote
location. These sensors are isolated with PLC.
ISOLATED OUTPUT

The output terminals module has terminals to


which output signals are sent to activate relay,
motors and displays.
POWER SUPPLY
 The electrical supply that converts the alternating
current line voltage to various operational DC values.
In this process the power supply filters and regulates
the Dc voltages to ensure the computer operation.
SOFTWARE USED
The software used for PLC programming is
RSLogix 500.

 RSLogix Micro software is a 32-bit Windows


ladder logic programming package for the
MicroLogix processors.
LANGUAGE USED
 The language used for PLC programming is
Ladder logic.

 Ladder logic is a programming language that


represents a program by a graphical diagram
based on the circuit diagrams of relay
logic hardware.
INTERLOCKING

 An arrangement of signals and signal appliances so


interconnected that their movements must succeed
each other in proper sequence.
USING LADDER LOGIC
TIMER

Timers are output instructions


that let you control operations
based on time or number of
events.
TYPES OF TIMER
 There are three types of timers:
 TON (Delay turning on an output).
 TOFF (Delay turning off an output).
 RTO (Time an event retentively).
TON TIMER
TON TIMER
There are three outputs of TON timer:
 EN (Enable )

 TT (timing)

 DN (Done)
DESCRIPTION TON TIMER
As soon as the input button is
switches ON The status of TON
timer is:
En=1(when the input switch is ON)
TT=1(ON during the hole timing)
DN=0(During the whole timing and
DN=1
after completion of timing)
TOFF TIMER
TOFF TIMER
There are three outputs of TOFF
timer:
EN (Enable )

TT (timing)

DN (Done)
DESCRIPTION TOFF TIMER

When the input switch is ON the TOFF timer is


OFF. TOFF timer started as soon as the output
button is pressed.
STATUS OF THE TOFF TIMER
 When the input switch is ON, the output of the
timer is:
 EN =1
 TT =0
 DN =1
WHEN OFF SWITCH IS PRESSED

EN =0(stop instantly)


TT =1(OFF after the timing)
DN =1(during the timing, and after timing the
output will be low)
RTO TIMER
PLC BASED PROJECTS:

 Bottle filling application


 Traffic light

 Zink coating using tank

 Color Mixing project


BOTTLE FILLING APPLICATION
:

 .
.
SCADA
 SCADA stands for supervisory control and data
acquisition, a computer system for gathering and
analyzing real time data. SCADA systems are used to
monitor and control a plant or equipment in industries
such as telecommunications, water and waste control,
energy, oil and gas refining and transportation.
SCADA
 SCADA or Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
is a large scale control system for automated industrial
processes like municipal water supplies, power
generation, steel manufacturing, gas and oil pipelines
etc.
FEATURES OF SCADA
 Dynamic process Graphic
 Alarm summery
 Alarm history
 Real time trend
 Historical time trend
 Security (Application Security)
 Data base connectivity
 Device connectivity
 Scripts
 Recipe management
MANUFACTURE OF SCADA

 Modicon (Telemecanique) Visual look


 Allen Bradly : RS View

 Siemens: win cc

 Gefanc:

 KPIT : ASTRA

 Intelution : Aspic

 Wonderware : Intouch
WORKING WITH PROJECTS
 What is a project?
 A project consists of a folder on your hard disk
that contains, at minimum, the following items:
 project file (.rsv)

 tag folder

 comprf (communications profile) folder

 cache folder
HOW TO CREAT A PROJECT?
CREATING NEW PROJECT
CREATING TAG
 Tags and the tag database

In the tag database, you define the data you want


RSView32™ to monitor. Each entry in the
database is called a tag. A tag is a logical name
for a variable in a device or in local memory
(RAM). For example, a tag can represent a
process variable in a programmable controller.
NAMING TAGS
 Tag names can be up to 255 characters long. If
you create a folder, the folder name becomes part
of the tag name.
 The tag name can contain the following
characters:
 A to Z

 0 to 9

 underscore (_) and dash (-)


TAG DATABASE
CREATING GRAPHIC DISPLAYS
 A graphic display represents the operator’s view
of plant activity. The display can show system or
process data and provide operators with a way to
write values to an external device such as a
programmable controller. Operators can also
print the display at runtime to create a visual
record of tag values.
THE GRAPHIC DISPLAY EDITOR
 To open the Graphic Display editor:
 In the Project Manager, open the Graphics folder.

 Open the Graphic Display editor by doing one of


the following:
 double–click the Display icon

 right–click the Display icon and then click New


THE EDITOR’S MAIN COMPONENTS
SETTING UP THE DISPLAY
ANIMATION
 About the Animation dialog box
 The Animation dialog box is a floating dialog box,
which means you can have it open all the time
and can move it around the screen, select other
objects, and open other dialog boxes.
DIALOG BOX
ANIMATION OF SLIDER
VERTICAL POSITION ANIMATION
VISIBILITY ANIMATION
HOW TO RUN A PROJECT?
TRAFFIC LIGHT
RUN MODE
SLIDER CONTROL
SLIDER CONTROLLING
FINAL POSITION
SCADA BASED PROJECTS:

 Bottle filling application


 Traffic light control

 Zink coating using tank

 Zink oven coating

 Car parking application


BOTTLE FILLING APPLICATION ANIMATION:
 .
ZINK COATING USING TANK:

 .
ZINK OVEN COATING:

 .
CAR PARKING SYSTEM:

 .
ONE WAY TRAFFIC LIGHT:

 .
FOUR WAY TRAFFIC CONTROL
 .
Motor control
using gates
(AND GATE 0.0=0)
AND OPERATION : (1.0=0)
AND GATE( 1.1=1)
OR GATE (1 0R 0=1)
OR GATE ( 1 OR 1=1)
HUMAN-MACHINE INTERFACE(HMI)
 Human-Machine Interface, is a device or
software that lets users communicate with a
machine or automation system. Besides
translating complex data into useable
information, an HMI relays the user’s commands.
HMI
 HMI stands human machine interface. A Human-
Machine Interface is the apparatus which presents
process data to a human operator, and through which the
human operator controls the process.
 The HMI is usually linked to the SCADA system's
databases and software programs.
 The HMI system usually presents the information to the
operating personnel graphically, in the form of a mimic
diagram.
DRIVES
A drive is generally used for speed control
and direction control of Motor.
TYPES OF DRIVES
 Drives is of two types:

 AC Drive
 DC Drive
AC DRIVE
 AC Drive is a system for controlling the
rotational speed of an alternating current
(AC) electric motor by controlling the
frequency of the electrical power supplied
to the motor.
POWER FLEX 4M AC DRIVE
 Power Flex 4M AC
Drives are the smallest
and most cost-effective
members of the Power
Flex family of drives.
Feed-through wiring
and easy programming
provide the flexibility
to handle a broad
range of applications.
THANK YOU