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Painting

Group 1
Alcozero, Mary Therese
Alojamiento, Renerose
Bangcaya, Lovely Anne
Erispe, Richard
Noble, Princess Hannah
Pascual, Christien Joy
WHAT IS PAINTING?
Painting is the art of applying
pigments to a surface in order to
present a picture of the subject.

It is also defined as the process or art


of using paint, in a picture, as a
protective coating, or as decoration.
MEDIUMS OF PAINTING
• Oil • Tempera
• Fresco • Pastel
• Water Color • Acrylic
• Encaustic
OIL
Oil Painting is done
with the use of ground
pigments (from
minerals, coal tar,
vegetable matter, etc.)
mixed with linseed oil
and turpentine or
thinner.
Why do many painters prefer oil
as a medium?
• Long lasting
• Slow in drying
• Easy to handle and manipulate
texturally
• Capable of being corrected
Two ways oil is being applied
1. Direct method- in here, paints are opaque
and once they are applied in the surface, they
dry up and give the finished product its final
appearance
2. Indirect Method- in here, paints are
transparent and they are applied in many thin
layers or coatings, richness in opacity of light
and depth of shadow are some of its good
effects
Artists who used oil in their paintings
and their paintings
Angelus - oil on canvas by Fernando Amorsolo
Countryside scene - oil on canvas by Fernando Amorsolo
Tinikling Dance - oil on canvas by Fernando Amorsolo
Artists who used oil in their paintings
and their paintings
Prayer before meals- oil on canvas by Vicente Manansala
Fruit Vendor with Twin Sons-
oil on canvas by Vicente Manansala
Artists who used oil in their paintings
and their paintings

TAM AUSTRIA
Fisherman’s Family - oil on canvas by Tam Austria
Artists who used oil in their paintings
and their paintings

LITO BALAGTAS
Philippine Madona and Child-
oil on canvas by Lito Balagtas
FRESCO
Fresco Painting is
done with the use
of earth pigments
mixed with water and applied to
fresh plaster or glue which attaches
the color to the surface like a wall.
A painting is described to be buon
fresco/ true fresco when the
plaster is wet but when the plaster
id dry, the painting is described as
fresco secco/ dry fresco.
Advantages of Fresco
• Durability

Disadvantages of Fresco
• Exacting Medium
• Not movable
• Subject to loss if walls are destroyed
Ceiling of Sistine Chapel by Micheangelo
Creation of Man by
Micheangelo

The Fall of Man by


Micheangelo
Tintoretto

Raphael Sanzio

Masaccio
Leonardo Da Vinci

The Last Supper by Da Vinci


WATER COLOR
Watercol
or painting is
done with the
use of
pigments
mixed with
water and
applied to fine
white paper.
ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF A
WATERCOLOR PAINTING
Besides white paper, cambric,
parchment, ivory, and silk can be
used as surface or ground.

The colors are applied in very


thin layers and all the light comes
from the ground, which gives it
brilliance.
TEMPERA PAINTING
Done with the use
of ground pigments mixed
with an aluminous or
colloidal vehicle (egg
yolk, gum, glue, or
casein).

Tempera readily
dries with the evaporation
of water and this
characteristic is one of its
advantage.
Another
advantage is its
effect on the wooden
panel, its ground or
surface-luminosity
of tone.

Its quick-
drying is a
disadvantage; it
allows little blending
or fusing of colors.
PASTEL PAINTING

Done with the


use of pastel colors
closely resembling
dry pigments bound
to form crayons,
which are directly
applied to the
surface, oftentimes
paper.
Another example of Pastel Painting
ACRYLIC PAINTING
Done with the use of synthetic paints called
acrylics mixed with a vehicle capable of being thinned
with water.
Acrylic emulsion or
polymer serves as its binding
agent.
Acrylic paint possesses
the flexibility of oil and the
transparency and the fast-drying
ability of watercolor.
Moreover, it is soluble in
water, it can be applied in almost
all surfaces, and it has no
tendency to crack and to darken
or yellow with age
Another example of Acrylic Painting
ENCAUSTIC PAINTING
Done with the
use of hot wax as a
vehicle to bind
pigments to a
wooden panel or a
wall.
It has the
advantage of
durability with its
colors remaining
vibrant and its surface
maintaining a hard
luster.
But
encaustic is
not a popular
medium
among
painters
because it is
difficult to
manipulate.
SUBJECTS OF PAINTING
• Portraitures
• Animals and Plants
• Still Life
• Country Life
• Landscape
• Seascape
• City Scape
• Events
• Religious Items
• Tools
Subjects
• The prehistoric men painted animals and other
things of nature on walls of caves.
• The early Egyptians painted fragments of life
stories of pharaohs.
• The ancient Greeks and Romans were so fond of
their male and female deities.
• The Renaissance painters did portraits of Mary
and Jesus and depicted biblical stories.
• Others had fun doing landscapes, seascapes,
cityscapes, and the like.
PORTRAITURE
• Portraits are pictures of men and women singly or
collectively.
• Before the camera was invented, there was no
other means to know the face of a person, most
especially a dead one, but through a portrait.
• Only the elite, particularly the kings and
noblemen who could afford the services of good
painters. The poor ones did not have a
remembrance of their faces.
• Charcoal is one of the mediums used in doing
portraits.
ANIMALS AND PLANTS
• During the ancient times, man’s primary concern
was survival. His first encounters were with animals
and plants. Because of this constant contact with and
their interest in these living organisms,
it was inevitable for them to paint
these things they needed to survive.
The earliest painting discovered in
several caves in Europe were of
animals.
STILL LIFE
• Is a painting of an inanimate object
or a non-living thing placed on a
table or another setting.
• The goodness of having as a subject
is its availability and capability to be
organized.
COUNTRY LIFE
• Painters living in the countryside
have access to scenes happening
daily in their community.
• Many realist and impressionist
painters are fond of country life.
MOTHER AND
CHILD by Fernando
Amorsolo

BARRIO FIESTA by Fernando


Amorsolo
LANDSCAPE
• Any of the land forms can be the subject of
the landscape painting. These land forms
include the volcano, the mountain, the hill,
the valley, the plain, the plateau, the cliff,
and the like.
SEASCAPE
• Any of the water forms can be the
subject of the seascape painting. These
water forms include the ocean, the sea,
the river, the lake, the brook, the pond,
the falls, and the like.
CITY SCAPE
• An aerial view of a city or a portion of it can be
the subject of a cityscape painting
EVENT
• Events are among the favorite subjects of
painters. The "Spolarium" and the "Blood
Compact" of Juan Luna and the "Christian
Virgins Exposed to the populance" of felix
Resurreccion Hidalgo are examples of
such subjects. "Moses Commanding the
Red Sea to divide" is another illustration.
EVENT

"Moses Commanding the Red Sea to divide"


EVENT

“Spolarium”
EVENT

“Blood Compact”
RELIGIOUS ITEMS
• Religious items such as the Holy
Family, Madonna and Child, Jesus
Christ, angels, saints, and religious
objects are commonly used subjects
today as they were durong the
Medieval and Renaissance Periods
“Holy Family”
“Madonna and Child”
“Jesus Christ”
OTHERS
• Mythological, fictional, and cartoon
characters are also favorite subjects for
painting. For example, Raphael Sanzio's
"Galatea", a mythological character.
Supernatural beings, dreams and
fantasies, technological items, and objects
dear to the painters are common subjects.
“Gatamela”
“Supernatural Chimera”
TOOLS
• Just like anu worker, a painter makes use of several tools in
completing his work. These include the brush or brushes,
the palette, the palette knife or spatula, and the easel.

 Assorted brushes are used to have a variety of strokes.
 The palette is the one that contains or holds the painting
medium.
 The palette knife is used to mix colors on the palette and
sometimes to add colors to and to scrape or remove colors
from the painting surface.
 The Easel is the frame that supports the painting; it usually
has three legs.
TOOLS
Paint Brush

Palette Knife Seasel


Notable Artists (Painters)
Local Painters
• Alcuaz, Frederico A. • Legaspi, Cesar
• Amorsolo, Fernando C. • Luna, Juan
• Cabrera, Benedicto R. • Luz, Arturo R.
• Domingo, Damian • Magsaysay-Ho, Anita
• Edades, Victorio C. • Malang- Santos, Mauro
• Francisco, Carlos V. • Manansala, Vicente
• Hidalgo, Felix Resurrection • Ocampo, Galo B.
• Kiukok, Ang • Ocampo, Hernando R.
Alcuaz, Frederico A.

Federico Alcuaz was


conferred the Order of
the National Artist of
the Philippines for
Visual Arts (painting,
sculpture, and mixed
media)
Amorsolo, Fernando C.
• Posthumously conferred the Order of the
National Artist of the Philippines for Visual
Arts (painting)
• Close friend of Guiliermo Tolentino
• Portraitist and painter of rural Philippine
landscapes
• Father of Realism
• After his graduation in UP, he worked there
as a part time instructor and commercial
artist
• Among his works are: “Bombing of Intendencia” (1942), “The Burning
of Manila” (1946), “Dalagang Bukid” (1936), “The First Baptism in the
Philippines”, “The First Mass in the Philippines”, “Planting Rice”
(1946), “Princess Urduja”, and “Sikatuna”.
• He was born in Paco Manila, earned a degree from the Licco de Manila
Art School in 1909, and died in a heart failure at the age of 79.
Cabrera, Benedicto R.
• National Artist of the Philippines for
Visual Arts (painting) 2006
• Also known as “Bencab”
• Noted for being “arguably the best-
selling painter of his generation of
Filipino Artists”
• Reaped awards: Gawad CCP Para sa
Sining (Cultural Center of the
Philippines Award for the Arts) 1992 and
honorary degree of Doctor of
Humanities from the UP in 2009
• Artworks: “Bali”, “Cordillera”, “Edo”,
“Familia”, “Larawan”, and “Sabel”
“Edo by Cabrera”
“Familia by Cabrera”
Domingo, Damian
• First Filipino painter who specialized in
secular painting
• He portrayed non-religious themes on
canvas and excelled in miniature
painting
• Considered as the forerunner of the
Filipino movement for racial equality
• The foremost Filipino painter of the 19th
century
• Artworks: “Nuestra Senora del Rosario”,
“Catedra de San Pedro Roma”, “La
Sagrada Familia”, “La Imaculada
Conception”
“La Conception by Domingo”
“La Sagrada Familia by Domingo”
Edades, Victorio C.
• National Artist of the Philippines
for Visual Arts (painting) 1976
• Led the Revolutionary Thirteen
Moderns
• Father of the Modern Philippine
Painting
• Most of his paintings portrayed
hardships of the working class
• Received a degree of Doctor in Fine Arts, Honoris Causa
from UST where he worked and retired at the age of 70
• Artworks: “The Sketch”, “The Builders”, “Interaction”,
Demoiselles Davao”, and “Kasaysayan”.
“The Sketch by Edades”
“The Builders by Edades”
Francisco, Carlos V.
• Posthumously conferred the Order of the
National Artist of the Philippines for
Visual Arts (painting) 1973
• Also known as “Botong”
• Muralist from Angono, Rizal
• Best known for his historical pieces

• Artworks: “Blood Compact”, “First Mass at Limasawa”, “The


Martyrdom of Rizal”, “Bayanihan”, “Magpupukot”, “Fiesta”,
“Bayanihan sa Bukid”, “Sandugo”, Portrait of Purita”, “Serenade”,
“Muslim Bethrothal”, “Kaingin”, (1945), “Fiesta” (1948), and many
others.
• Some of his artwork were destroyed and were restored. One of these is
“Pageant of Christ”
• He died in poverty from tuberculosis
“Fiesta by Francisco”
Hidalgo, Felix Resurrection
• Contemporary of Juan Luna who
won second in international art
exposition in Madrid, winning a
silver medal for his painting, “Las
Virgenes hristians Expuestas al
Populacho”
• He schoole in the Ateneo de Manila
• He was named as the National
Artist in Visual Arts 2003
• Artworks: “Barter of Panay”,
“Christ Stripped Off His Clothes”,
“Torogan”, “Playground of the
mind”, and many others
Kiukok, Ang
• National Artist of the Philippines
for Visual Arts (Painting)
• Born in Davao City to Chinese-
Filipio parents who had imigrated
from Fukien
• Pursued Art Studies in UST having
Vicente Manansala as his mentors
and later became friends with him
• He turned not only to be a critical
favorite but also is a commercially
popular artist
• He died in Cancer
Legaspi, Cesar
• National Artist of the Philippines for
Visual Arts (Painting)
• Born in Tondo, Manila
• Served as an art director before he went
full time to his visual art practice
• Led Saturday Group of artists from 1978
until he died
• His early works covering three decades (1940s-1960s),
together with his peer, Hernando Ocampo, depicted anguish
and dehumanization of beggars and laborers in Manila
• Artworks: “Man and Woman”, “Gadgets”, and many others
• His artworks show “cubism’s unfeeling, geometric ordering
figures into a social expressionism rendered by interacting
forms filled with rhythmic movement
“Man and Woman by Legaspi”
Luna, Juan
• Native of Badoc, Ilocos Norte
• Studied in Ateneo de Manila and then in
the Academia de Dibujo y Pintura, and
later in Madrid, Spain at the Escuala de
Beilas Artes
• He won gold medal for “The Death of
Cleopatra”
• His best known work is “Spoilarium”
• Artworks (others): “Blood Compact”, “Ang Espanya sa
Pilipinas”, “Ang Alipining Bulag”, “Ang Tagumapay ni Lapu-
lapu”, atnd many other
• He died in Hong Kong due to severe heart attack and was
burried there but his remains was transferred at the Crypt
Chapel of San Agustine in 1920
“Blood Compact by Luna”
Luz, Arturo R.
November 20, 1926
• A national artist of
the Philippines for
Visual Arts in 1997.
• A painter,
printmaker, sculptor,
designer, and art
administrator.
• He produced “ Art
pieces through a
disciplined economy
means..”
Some of Arturo’s works are:

Avant Auctions
Trio Performance
Magsaysay-Ho, Anita C.
A student
of the UP
school of
Fine Arts
under
Ferdinand
and Pablo
Amorsolo.
May 25, 1914
She later
studied at
the school of
Design with
Victorio
Edades, and
then at the
Cranbrook
Academy of
Art in
Michigan
under Zultan
Sepeshy.
under whom, she specialized in
Harvest Season egg-tempera painting.
Another work of Magsaysay is:

Women
with Fans
Manansala, Vicente S.
• He was a Philippine
Cubist Painter and
illustrator.
• He graduated from UP
School of Fine Arts.
• Received in 1949 a six-
month UNESCO grant
to study at the Canada.
• January 22, 1910-
Aug.22, 1981
Some of Manansala’s works are:

Vendors from
the market

The Bird Seller


Malang-Santos, Mauro
A multifaceted
and prolific artist
who worked as a
graphic
designer , an
illustrator , and
a cartoonist for
the Manila
Chronicle.
Some of Mauro’s works are:

At the Church

White Dog
Ocampo, Galo B.
Together with
Edades and
Francisco
formed a
triumvirate
painting murals
for theaters
Some of Galo’s works are:

Planting Rice

A Brush with Greatness


Notable Artists (Painters)
Foreign Painters
• Buonarotti, Michelangelo Di • Monet, Claude
Lodovico • Munch, Edward
• De Vinci, Leonardo • Picasso, Pablo
• Degas, Edgar • Sanzio, Raphael
• Goya, Francisco Jose De • Van Gogh, Vincent
• Kandinsky, Wassily • Van Rijn, Rembrandt
• Manet, Edouard
• Matisse, Henri
Ocampo, Hernando R. (April 28, 1911 –
December 28, 1978)
• National Artist of the Philippines for Visual Arts
(Painting) in 1991
• A painter, fictionist, playwright, and editor
• A leading radical modern artist in the Philippines
• Joined the Saturday Group of artists (aka Taza de
Oro Group), the pre-war Thirteen Moderns
organized in 1938, and the triumvirate with neo-
realists Vicente Manansala and Cesar Legaspi.
• His painting reflected the harsh realities of the
Philippines after World War II however many of
them depicted beautiful Philippine landscapes.
• Ina ng Balon • Isda at Mangga
• Calvary • The Resurrection
• Sum Dwellers • Fifty-three Q
• Nude with Candle • Back drop
and Flower • Fiesta
• Man and Carabao • Mother and Child
• Angel’s Kiss • Easter Sunday
• Palayok at Kalan • Genesis
• Ancestors
Buonarroti, Michelangelo
• Italian Renaissance painter,
sculptor, architect, poet, and
engineer.
• Considered a contender for the
title of the archetypal
“Renaissance man”, along with
his rival and fellow Italian,
Leonardo da Vinci
• Known for his Sistine Chapel
ceiling frescoes
Pope Julius commissioned Other paintings:
him to do these frescoes • The Holy Family with
• The Creation of Man the Infant St. John the
• The Fall of Man Baptist (c.1506)
• The Story of Noah • The Doni Tondo (c.1506)
• The Last Judgement • Entombment (c.1510)
• The Conversion of Saul
(1542-45)
• Martyrdom of St. Peter
(1546-50)
Da Vinci, Leonardo

(April 15, 1452-May 2, 1519)


• An Italian polymath, a scientist,
mathematician, engineer, inventor,
anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect,
botanist, musician, and writer
• Born in Florence and was described as
the archetype of the “Renaissance man”
due to his inventive power
• One of the greatest painters of all time
and the most diversely talented persons
to have lived
• The Annunciation (c.1472-75)
• The Adoration of the Magi (1481-82)
• The Virgin of the Rocks (1483-86)
• The Last Supper (1498) in Milan Monastery
• The Virgin and Child with St. Anne and the
Young St. John the Baptist (c.1501)
• Mona Lisa (c.1503-04)
• Self-Portrait (c.1512)
Degas, Edgar (July 19, 1834-September 27, 1917)
• A French impressionistic painter who used
photography as an aid in studying figures in
motion
• He used pastel to combine drawing and color

• The Ballet Girl Fixing


Her Slipper
• Race Horses
• Danseuse (Dancer) was
done in 1855
Goya, Francisco Jose De
(March 30, 1746-April 16,
1828)
• A court painter to the
Spanish Crown,
printmaker, and
chronicler of history.
• Born in Aragon, regarded
both as the last of the Old
Masters and as the first of
the moderns.
• Blind Guitarist (1788)
• Crucified Christ (1780)
• Self-portrait (c.1790-95)
• Duchess of Alba (1797)
• The Nude Maja (1800)
• The Clothed Maja (1801-
03)
• The Colossus (1808-12)
• Time (c.1810-12)
• The Dog (1820-23)
• Two Old Men (1821-23)
• KANDINSKY, WASSILY
Kandinsky was a Russian painter, printmaker, and
art theorist. Because his parents were pianists, he learned
how to play the piano, as well as the cello, at a young age.
However, his passion was painting so he became a
renowned painter, not a musician. He was considered one
of the famous 20th –century artists and was credited with
painting the first modern abstract works such as “A
Conglomerate”, “At Rest”, “Circle and Square”, “Colorful
Life”, “Horses”, “Landscape with Rain”, “Moscow I”,
“Night”, “Saint George”, “The Flood”, “Women in
Moscow”, and “Evenement Doux”.
WASSILY KANDINSKY
AT REST

A CONGLOMERATE
• MANET, EDOUARD
Considered among the impressionist, Manet
was a realist. Inspired by the work of Giorgione
entitled “Open-Air Concert”, he experimented on
his work, “Luncheon on the Grass”, by combining
clothed and nude figures with landscape and still
life. He was terribly criticized for this work and
another one, “Olympia”, because of their
frankness. His subjects ranged from portraits and
landscapes to still life, horse races, and boating
scenes. His figures were related to suggest
momentary groups.
EDOUARD MANET
OLYMPIA

LUNCHEON ON THE GRASS


• MATISSE, HENRI
Matisse was a French painter, sculptor, printmaker,
and draftsman known for his use of color and for his fluid,
brilliant, and original draftsmanship. Considered as one of
the best-known 20th –century artists, he was initially
labeled as a Fauve (wild beast), and by the 1920s h was
hailed as an upholder of the classical tradition in French
painting. Among his works are “Woman Reading”, “Notre-
Dame”, “The Open Window”, “Woman with a Hat”, “La
Danse”, “Jazz”, “The Plum Blossoms”, “Blue Nudes”, “The
Snail”, and “Le Bateau”.
HENRI MATISSE
NOTRE-DAME

WOMAN
READING
• MONET, CLAUDE
Monet was a founder of French
impressionist painting. He was considered the
most consistent and prolific practitioner of the
movement’s philosophy of expressing one’s
perceptions before nature, especially as applied to
plain air landscape building. His works include
“The Seine at Port-Ville”, “Bathers at la
Grenouillere”, “Poplars”, “The Grand Canal,
Venice”, “The Japanese Bridge”, and “The Thames
below Westminster”.
CLAUDE MONET
THE GRAND
CANAL,
VENICE

THE
JAPANESE
BRIDGE
• MUNCH, EDWARD
Munch was a Norwegian symbolist painter,
printmaker, and an important forerunner of
expressionistic art. He explored the themes of life,
love, fear, death, and melancholy in many of his
works. His painting series titled “The Frieze of Life”
includes his best-known painting, “The Scream” or
“The Cry”, “Despair”, “Anxiety”, and “The Sick Child”.
He also painted “By the Deathbed”, “Death in the
Sickroom”, “Madonna”, “The Dance of Life”, and “The
Dead Mother”.
EDWARD MUNCH
DEATH IN THE
SICKEROOM

THE SCREAM
Picasso, Pablo
• Picasso founded cubism in
collaboration with Georges Braque and
Juan Gris in 1906 in a Montmartre cafe.
Born in Malaga, Spain, he had a long
painting career (more than 60 years),
which was divided into six periods by
Van de Bogart (1970), as follows:
• Blue Period (1901-04)
• Harlequin or Rose Period (1905-06)
• Iberian-African Negro Period (1907-08)
• Cubism (1909-14)
• Classic Period (1918-24)
• Double-Image Period (1932)
Les Demoiselles D’avignon by Picasso
Girl before a Mirror by Picasso
Old Guitarist by Picasso
Sanzio, Raphael
• ( April 6, 1483- April 6,
1520)
• Sanzio was the master
painter and architect of the
Italian High Renaissance.
Born in Urbino, Italy, he is
best known for his
Madonnas and for his large
figure conpositions in the
Vatican, Rome, Italy. He
was admired for his works
possessing clarity of form
and ease of composition.
Madonna Dell Granduca by Sanzio
The Small Cowper Madonna
by Sanzio
Van Gogh, Vincent
• (March 30, 1853-July 29,
1890)
• Van Gogh was a Dutch Post-
Impressionist artist whose
paintings and drawings
include some of the world's
best known, most popular,
and most expensive pieces.
He was a lunatic confined in
an asylum in St. Remy where
he produced some of his
world-renowned works.
Still Life with beer
Mug and fruit by
Gogh
The Starry Night by Gogh
Fisherman by Gogh
Van Rijn, Rembrandt
• (July 15, 1606- October 4, 1669)
• Van Rijn is generally considered
one of the greatest painters in
European art history and the most
important 17th century painter of
United Provinces, Netherlands.
He learned chiaroscuro (a
painting technique in which the
artist stresses the contrast
between light areas and shadows)
from Pieter Lastman in
Amsterdam. A proficient etcher
and engraver.
A Scholar by Rijn
The Return of the Prodigal
Son by Rijn
Rising of Lazarus by Rijn