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# Problem:

## A LPG Cylinder is filled with 25 kg

of LPG at 22 bar and 180C. Few kg
of LPG gas is used for cooking and
the pressure falls to 18 bar and
temperature falls to 140C. Find the
volume of the gas in the cylinder
and the mass of LPG used.
Take R = 287 J/kgK.
Problem:
A reservoir contains 55 m3 of certain
gas at 15 bar. The gas is used in a
turbine so that the pressure falls to
1.8 bar and the temperature reduces
from 300C to 220C. How much of
the gas is used during the process.
Convert this mass of gas in terms of
0
volume at 30 C. Take R =
A boiler in a industry
contains 22 kg of water at
0
45 C. Find the amount of
heat energy is to be supplied
to rise the temperature of the
0
water to 90 C. Take specific
heat of water as 4190 J/kgK
Iron is heated from 0
35 C to
0
225 C in a heat treatment
process. 800 kJ of heat energy
is supplied during the process.
Find the mass of iron used in
the process. Take specific
heat of iron as 3.190 kJ/kgK.
A copper ball of diameter 20 cm
0
is heated ina oven from 35 C to
1200C to improve its surface
hardness. The density of the
3
copper ball is 8500 kg/m and
specific heat is 1.35 kJ/kgK.
Find the amount of heat supplied
during the process.
An iron block of dimension 250
mm x 350 mm x 400mm is at a
temperature of 3000C. It is dipped
in an oil which is at a temperature
of 950C. If the density of iron is
9600 kg/m3 and specific heat is 1.45
kJ/kgK find the amount of heat lost
by the iron block.
Three containers have different gas in each
of them and they are in thermal equilibrium
with each other. All the three containers
have the same dimension of Length=1.25
m, Height = 400 cm, Width = 55 cm. The
pressure in the first cylinder is 32 kN/m2
and the mass of gas is 12 kg.Find the
temperature of the gas in containers.
Take R = 0.287 kJ/kgK. Which law of
Thermodynamics is applicable in this case.
A gas is enclosed in a cylinder at a
pressure of 750 kPa. The gas expands
from 0.055 m3 to 0.075 m3. During the
process pressure remains constant. A
small fan is attaced at the top end of the
cylinder . When the fan rotates it does a
work of 60 kJ on the gas in the cylinder.
Find (i) the work done by the system on
the piston, (ii) net work done, (iii)
Indicate sign of the work and give the
reason.
A gas at 125 kN/m2 and is at a
temperature of 1500C. The gas is
heated in a closed rigid vessel till it
reaches a temperature of 3500C.
Find the amount of heat required for
this gas if the specific gas constant is
0.358 kJ/kgK and the ratio of specific
heat is 1.48. Use the First law of
Thermodynamics for the analysis.
25 kg mass of gas expands
polytropically in a cylinder from 1.25
MPa to 5 bar. The expansion
1.25
follows the law pv =constant. The
internal energy of the gas is given by
u = (2 pv + 25) kJ/kg. Find the heat
and work interaction and the change
in internal energy. The initial
volume of the gas is 5.5 m 3.
In a certain process 5000kJ of heat is
added to the system. The initial
pressure in the system is 780 kPa and
the volume is 0.8 m3. The system
performs the work and the pressure
falls to 400 kN/m2 and the volume
changes to 2.6 m3. The process follows
the law pvn = constant. Find (i) amount
of the work done by the system, (ii)
Change in internal energy.
Problem

## When a system is taken from state L to state M, as

shown in the diagram along path LQM, 250 kJ of heat
flows into the system, and the system does 85 kJ of
work:

(i) How much will be the heat that flows into the
system along path LNM if the work done is 40 kJ ?
(ii) When the system is returned from m to l along the
curved path, the work done on the system is 55 kJ.
Does the system absorb or liberate heat, and how much
of the heat is absorbed or liberated ?
(iii) If UL= 0 and UN = 105 kJ, find the heat absorbed
in the processes LN and NM.
In a certain process 500 kJ of heat is
added to the system. The initial
pressure in the system is 500 kPa and
the volume is 0.6 m3. The system
performs the work and the pressure
falls to 200 kN/m2 and the volume
changes to 0.75 m3. The process
follows the law
Find (i) amount of the work done by the system, (ii)
Change in internal energy.
at the rate of 2500 kJ/min
and gives an output of
10 kW. Determine :
(i) The thermal efficiency ;
(ii) The rate of heat rejection.
During a process a system
receives 50 kJ of heat from
a reservoir and does 100 kJ
of work. Is it possible to
reach initial state by an
An inventor claims that his engine has the
following specifications :
Temperature limits ...... 750°C and 25°C
Power developed ...... 75 kW
Fuel burned per hour ...... 3.9 kg
Heating value of the fuel ...... 74500 kJ/kg
State whether his claim is valid or not.
A cyclic heat engine
operates between a
source temperature of
1000°C and a sink
temperature of 40°C. Find
the least rate of heat
rejection per kW net
output of the engine ?
Problem
A carnot cycle operates between source
and sink temperature of 3000C and -
200C. The system receives 200 kJ of
heat from the source, find
(i) Efficiency of the system,