Sie sind auf Seite 1von 19

NOISE PULLOTION

• What is Noise?
• Noise is defined as any unwanted sound that you do not need or
want to hear.
• Our ears are excellent at telling us what noise is. Most commonly,
noise is an annoying tone that causes mild to major discomfort or
irritation. These tones pierce through the background noise that
accompanies our lives.
• When it comes to measuring the different types of noise, we usually
want to replicate the performance of the human ear to get an
accurate representation of its impact. That is why we use the A-
Weighting Frequency, which is much more sensitive between the 500
Hz and 6 kHz range.
Causes of Noise Pollution
• 1. Industrialization: Most of the industries use big machines which are capable of
producing large amount of noise. Apart from that, various equipment, like
compressors, generators, exhaust fans, grinding mills also participate in producing
big noise. Therefore, you must have seen workers in these factories and
industries wearing ear plugs to minimize the effect of noise.
• 2. Poor Urban Planning: In most of the developing countries, poor urban
planning also play a vital role. Congested houses, large families sharing small
space, fight over parking, frequent fights over basic amenities leads to noise
pollution which may disrupt the environment of society.
• 3. Social Events: Noise is at its peak in most of the social events. Whether it is
marriage, parties, pub, disc or place of worship, people normally flout rules set by
the local administration and create nuisance in the area. People play songs on full
volume and dance till midnight which makes the condition of people living nearby
pretty worse. In markets, you can see people selling clothes via making loud noise
to attract the attention of people.
• 4. Transportation: Large number of vehicles on roads, aeroplanes flying over
houses, underground trains produce heavy noise and people get it difficult to get
accustomed to that. The high noise leads to a situation wherein a normal person
lose the ability to hear properly.
• 5. Construction Activities: Under construction activities like mining, construction
of bridges, dams, buildings, stations, roads, flyovers take place in almost every
part of the world. These construction activities take place everyday as we need
more buildings, bridges to accommodate more people and to reduce traffic
congestion. The down point is that these construction equipments are too noisy.
• 6. Household Chores: We people are surrounded by gadgets and use them
extensively in our daily life. Gadgets like TV, mobile , mixer grinder, pressure
cooker, vacuum cleaners , washing machine and dryer, cooler, air conditioners are
minor contributors to the amount of noise that is produced but it affects the
quality of life of your neighborhood in a bad way.
Effects of Noise Pollution
• 1. Hearing Problems: Any unwanted sound that our ears have not been built to
filter can cause problems within the body. Our ears can take in a certain range of
sounds without getting damaged. Man made noises such as jackhammers, horns,
machinery, airplanes and even vehicles can be too loud for our hearing range.
Constant exposure to loud levels of noise can easily result in the damage of our
ear drums and loss of hearing. It also reduces our sensitivity to sounds that our
ears pick up unconsciously to regulate our body’s rhythm.
• 2. Health Issues: Excessive noise pollution in working areas such as offices,
construction sites, bars and even in our homes can influence psychological
health. Studies show that the occurrence of aggressive behavior, disturbance of
sleep, constant stress, fatigue and hypertension can be linked to excessive noise
levels. These in turn can cause more severe and chronic health issues later in life.
• 3. Sleeping Disorders: Loud noise can certainly hamper your sleeping pattern and
may lead to irritation and uncomfortable situations. Without a good night sleep,
it may lead to problems related to fatigue and your performance may go down in
office as well as at home. It is therefore recommended to take a sound sleep to
give your body proper rest.
• 4. Cardiovascular Issues: Blood pressure levels, cardio-vascular disease and
stress related heart problems are on the rise. Studies suggest that high
intensity noise causes high blood pressure and increases heart beat rate as
it disrupts the normal blood flow. Bringing them to a manageable level
depends on our understanding noise pollution and how we tackle it.
• 5. Trouble Communicating: High decibel noise can put trouble and may not
allow two people to communicate freely. This may lead to
misunderstanding and you may get difficult understanding the other
person. Constant sharp noise can give you severe headache and disturb
your emotional balance.
• 6. Effect on Wildlife: Wildlife faces far more problems than humans
because noise pollution since they are more dependent on sound. Animals
develop a better sense of hearing than us since their survival depends on
it. The ill effects of excessive noise begin at home. Pets react more
aggressively in households where there is constant noise.
The 4 Types of Noise
what are the 4 different types of noise
• 1. Continuous Noise
• Continuous noise is what it says on the tin. It is noise that is produced continuously by machinery that keeps running without
interruption. This could come from factory equipment, heating or ventilation systems.

• You can measure continuous noise for just a few minutes with a sound level meter to get a sufficient representation of the noise
level. If you want to analyse the noise further, you need to look for a sound level meter with Octave Band analysis. This breaks
down the noise into its separate frequencies and tells you exactly what frequency is causing the noise. You might even want to
break down the noise into 1:3 octave bands which can give even more detail about the frequency content of the noise.

• 2. Intermittent Noise
• Intermittent noise is a noise level that increases and decreases rapidly. This might be a freight train passing by, factory equipment
that operates in cycles or aircraft overhead.

• You measure intermittent noise in a similar way to continuous noise with a sound level meter. However, you also need to note the
duration of each occurrence and the time between each one. To gain a more reliable estimate of the noise level, you should
measure over multiple occurrences to calculate an average. If you’re using an Integrating-Averaging sound level meter, this will
make the calculation for you and present this in terms of an LAeq.
• 3. Impulsive Noise
• Impulsive noise is most commonly associated with the construction and demolition industry. This sudden
burst of noise can startle you by its fast and surprising nature. Impulsive noises are commonly created by
explosions or construction equipment such as pile drivers.

• To measure impulsive noise, you will need a sound level meter or a personal noise dosimeter that can
calculate Peak values.

• Don’t forget that even in an environment that is generally quiet, a single very loud noise can cause hearing
damage and this is why it’s important to measure Peak levels alongside the average or Leq value. In most
applications, Peak will be measured using C-weighting so you should make sure that your sound level meter
provides this.

• 4. Low Frequency Noise
• Low frequency noise makes up part of the fabric of our daily soundscape. Whether it’s the low background
humming from power plants or the roaring of large diesel engines, we are exposed to low frequency noise
constantly. This is also the hardest type of noise to reduce at source, so it can easily spread for miles around.

• For low frequency noise, you should be using a sound level meter with Third Octave Band analysis so you can
analyse the low frequencies that make up the noise. You may also need to look at the C-Weighted
measurements and compare this to the A-weighted measurements as this can show how much low
frequency noise is present
Control of Noise pollution at Source
• Noise producing industries, railway stations, aerodrome, etc. should be located far away from
the residential areas.
• We should play various music systems such as stereos, television, etc. at low volume.
• We should not use loud speakers during night. Even during time they should be used at low
volumes.
• Various machines should be well maintained so that they produce less sound.
• It is observed that certain persons blow horns of their vehicles unnecessarily, or remove
silencers of the exhaust pipes of vehicles. Such practices produce lot of noise and should be
avoided.
• Laws should be framed so that the persons producing unnecessary noise are punished.
• Control of Noise Pollution by obstructing the path of Noise
• By constructing soundproof buildings, the menace of sound pollution can be minimized.
• Plants also help in controlling noise pollution because they absorb high frequency sound waves.
Thus, planting trees along the roads help in controlling noise pollution.
• How to Prevent Noise Pollution
• Noise pollution isn't just annoying: it can cause deafness, fatigue, and even psychological
problems. If you want to cut back on the noise pollution in your life, work on eliminating loud
sounds made by machines both inside and outside your house. If necessary, sound-proof your
home so you can get some peace and quiet. Taking measures to prevent noise pollution will help
you and your family feel happier and healthier.

Keeping Your Home Noise-Free

• 1
• Sound-proof your space. When you can't stop the noise at it's source, you can do your best to
keep it out. Sound-proofing your home will help you rest easier at night and keep your home
quieter during the day as well. If you can't sound-proof your entire home, you might want to
invest in sound-proofing your bedroom, so you'll have at least one respite from the noise when
you just can't take it anymore.
• If you don't want to reconstruct your walls and floors with sound-proof building materials,
consider the less expensive option of installing carpeting and wall coverings that soften and
absorb sounds.
• Acoustic foam panels are a cheap, easy-to-install option when you want to quickly soundproof a
room. For an even easier solution, try hanging blankets on the walls or installing extra bookcases
filled with books.
• 2.
• Keep noisy machines away from your bedroom and living areas. Situate your home so that your
bed isn't right next to your noisy furnace or air conditioning unit. If there are any other sources of
constant noise, try to locate them far away from your sleeping and living areas so you can have
some peace and quiet.
• You might also want to consider using these machines less to give yourself a break from the noise.
Turn off your air conditioner and open the windows, even if it means being a little hotter than
normal. You might find the less noisy atmosphere more relaxing than a cooled-down room.

• 3
• Spend time away from noise. Sometimes it's simply impossible to truly get away from the noise. If
you live on a busy street with lots of traffic, you know there's never really a respite from traffic
sounds, sirens and honking horns. Getting away from it all is a good way to restore your
emotional balance. Go to a quiet spot that's as free of sound as possible. Stay there and enjoy the
silence for a few hours, until you feel renewed and ready to reenter the noise of daily life.
• See if you can go for a walk in a quiet natural spot away from busy roads.
• If you can't make it to a quiet outdoor space, try sitting in a library for a few hours. The librarians
will make sure it stays nice and quiet.
• Churches and cemeteries are also good places to find some peace and quiet.
•4
• Learn to meditate. With more and more rural areas being developed, noisy
engines and construction sounds aren't going away any time soon.
Learning how to meditate can help you deal with noise and destress
without needing to drop everything and leave.
• When you're feeling overwhelmed, sit very still, close your eyes and focus
on taking deep, even breaths. Do 10 breaths and try to let your worries go
and ignore the noise around you. No matter where you are, whether it's on
a noisy subway car or in your own kitchen, you can try this technique to
calm yourself down.[1]

•5
• Use earplugs and noise-canceling headphones. These inventions help
millions of people deal with everyday noise. Earplugs are a cheap drugstore
purchase that buys you hours of sleep, once you get used to falling asleep
with them in your ears. Noise-canceling headphones are a bit more
expensive, but if getting peace and quiet is at the top of your priority list,
they're probably worth the splurge.
•6
• Install noise-reducing insulation and glass. This is by far the most
expensive method, but if nothing else is working for you, and you are
serious about the peace and quiet, this is a most effective way to stop
noise from getting in your home.

Dealing with Noise You Can't Control
• 1
• Understand what causes noise pollution. As urban development stretches into rural areas, the noise level increases. Construction
sites, airports, train stations, and highways are all sources of loud noises that grate on the ears. If you know the sources of noise
pollution in your area, you can do your best to avoid them or find ways to mitigate their negative effect.
• When you're choosing a place to live, see if the residence is in a flight path or near a busy highway. During the day the sounds
might not bother you, but at night they might prevent you from sleeping.

• 2
• Check into the noise pollution laws in your area. Most urban communities have rules to prevent noise pollution from getting out of
control. For example, there are laws dictating during which hours a construction site may actively use machinery, and when they
need to stay quiet. As a community member, you can help enforce the laws if you know what they are.
• Check with your state's department of energy and environmental affairs to find out which regulations are in effect in your area.[2]
You'll find information about how loud noise is allowed to get, and when machines are supposed to remain silent.
• If you feel the regulations are being violated, don't hesitate to file a complaint. If it's affecting other members of your community,
organize a group complaint, which will be even more effective.
• 3
• Make sure community spaces are following the rules. Another source of noise comes from community
spaces like stadiums, concert venues and other outdoor areas with speaker systems. Even a neighborhood
bar that holds concerts can produce enough noise to drive you crazy. If you live near a community space that
seems to be making noise all night long, or is producing noise that seems louder than necessary, see if
they're in violation of local laws and file a complaint if necessary.[3]
• For example, if a new concert space opens up on your block and creates noise late into the night, you're
entitled to finding out whether the place is operating according to local law. The people in charge of the
space might not be aware of the laws, so don't just assume they know what they're doing. Find out more
and see if you can make a difference.

• 4
• Speak up about banning noisy motors near your home. Car and motorcycle engines as well as lawnmowers
and other motor-powered vehicles can really raise the noise level in any given area. If you live in the middle
of the city, there won't be much you can do about it, but in a smaller community you may be able to have a
say as to who gets to use motors in your area, and when.
• Talk with your city council member to see what you can do to have noisy motors banned after a certain time
at night.[4]
• In smaller communities, you could also just get together with your neighbors and agree not to use
lawnmowers and other noisy motors during certain hours, for the benefit of the whole neighborhood.

• 5.
• Get involved in a community tree-planting project.[5] Communities
with more trees are quieter than those without them, since large,
leafy trees can help absorb noise. If you live in an area with a dearth
of big trees, planting more along city streets, and between residences
and noisy highways, would be a good way to cut back on some of the
noise pollution in your area.
• See if your city has a tree-planting initiative underway. For example,
Portland, Oregon's group Portland Loves Trees engages community
members to plant more trees around the city. New York City's Million
Trees Project has a similar goal.

Helping Your Community Stay Quiet

• 1
• Don't use your car horn unnecessarily. Don't be part of the problem by leaning on your horn every
time someone looks at you wrong on the street. Use your horn only when absolutely necessary,
as a way to let someone know that you're present or warn them when they're about to collide
with something. It's good driving etiquette, and makes life more pleasant for city-dwellers.

• 2
• Keep your car in good repair. The sound of a car without a muffler chugging down the street is
never welcome, so make sure you're not the one causing noise pollution in your neighborhood
and spring to get your car fixed. Keeping your car in good, quiet working order will be appreciated
by everyone who lives near you.
• The same goes for your lawnmower and any other noisy equipment you might use outdoors.
• To have an even greater impact on noise in your area, consider walking or biking instead of using
a car whenever possible.
• 3
• Keep your music down. It might sound beautiful to you, but respect the fact that
others might not feel the same way. Your music shouldn't be noticeable outside
your own home. If you know that the neighbors don't mind, feel free to keep your
windows open and let them enjoy your musical taste, but don't just assume that
everyone wants to hear your favorite opera as much as you do.
• If you play a noisy instrument or are in a band, make sure to practice during
reasonable hours.
• If you're having a party and planning to play loud music, let your neighbors know
beforehand so you can avoid conflict.

• 4
• Respect quiet hours at night. Whether the rule is unspoken or prominently
published, make sure you don't make noise after hours. Don't put your neighbors
in the position of having to ask you to be quiet, since it's awkward and makes for
unfriendly relations. Do your best to be a good neighbor so you can expect the
same from those around you.
• This is especially important if you live in an apartment building. Don't vacuum or
do housework late at night, since they'll be able to hear you walking around.
REPORTER
• Ochinang, Frichard Albert V.
• Tibay, Angelo
• Preigo, Dexter

THANK YOU