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Leadership Traits

Grace Howrigon
Professor Loughran
Leadership Theory
“Leaders must know not only their own strengths and weaknesses,
but also their current state of mind. Why? Because leaders can hinder
progress just as easily as they can help create it (Maxwell, 2007, p. 9).”
Leadership Characteristics
Strength - Approachability
● Relationships
● Communication
● Recent situation

Weakness - Emotional Involvement

● Strong opinions/ideas/thoughts
● Invested
● Ways to Enhance:
● Continue to build relationships
● Communicate
● Understand everyone reacts differently
● Empathize. Be a reader of situations, people, and self

In his model, The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership, author and leader John Maxwell refers
to an old saying, “To lead yourself, use your head; to lead others, use your heart” (Maxwell, p.
Emotional Involvement
Ways to Improve:
● Be aware
● Be heard and move on
● Do not act on impulse
● Practice Emotional Intelligence

John D. Mayer, a psychologist at the University of New Hampshire, divides

emotional intelligence into 4 areas:

- accuracy in perceiving emotions

- using emotions to facilitate thought
- understanding emotions
- managing emotions in a way that enhances personal growth and social
relations (Mayer, 2001, p. 234)
The Relation Between Emotional Intelligence And Psychological Capital of Employees

Study written by Nathalia Mellao

Professor at the Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences of University of Coimbra
Portugal, 2013

1. Individuals with high levels of Emotional Intelligence (EI) are capable of processing
emotions (of others and of oneself) in sophisticated, critical ways.

1. Practice of EI results in the development of an adaptive skillset.

1. Becoming capable of regulating one’s own internal emotional systems is shown to be

beneficial to organizational employees (Mellao, 2013, p. 546).
Maxwell, J. C. (2007). The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership (10th Anniversary ed.). Nashville:
Thomas Nelson.

Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., Caruso, D. R., & Sitarenios, G. (January 01, 2001). Emotional Intelligence As A Standard
Intelligence. Emotion (Washington, D.C.), 1, 3, 232-42.

Mellão, N. (2013). The Relation Between Emotional Intelligence And Psychological Capital of Employees. International
Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology, 2(1), 545-550.