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Saint Louis College

City of San Fernando, La Union


Basic Education Schools
High School
(PAASCU Level II Re-accredited)
o PERSONAL FUNCTION:
The artist tries to express his or her
personal feelings through the
artwork.

o PHYSICAL FUNCTION:
Functional Art: objects use in everyday life— such
as architecture, jewelry, pottery, furniture, etc.

o EDUCATIONAL FUNCTION:
Art that has been used throughout time as a way
to pass on historical facts. Teaches about cultures.
Luzon
largest, most
important island,
and the most
populous island
of the Philippines.
LUZON = largest island in the country
FOLK ARTS &
DESIGNS FROM
NORTHERN
LUZON
1 FOLK ART
- expresses cultural
identity by conveying
shared community
values, not just for
aesthetic purposes
alone but utility and
functions too.
2 AESTHETIC
- a branch of
philosophy that
deals with the
nature of art,
beauty, and taste.
3 FABRIC
- a flexible woven
material that consist
of an organized
arrangement of a
natural or artificial
fibers.
4 LINE
- a continuous
mark made on a
surface by a
moving point.
VERTICAL LINES
HORIZONTAL LINES

LINES
DYNAMIC LINES
JAGGED LINES
5 MOTIF
- one of the principles
of design that show
repeated colors, lines,
shapes, forms or
textures in an
artwork.
ART VOCABULARY
Indigenous - native to the place

Pre-historic - the period before any written records were


made

Comparisons - to look at two different objects, artworks,


creations and compare them according to selected criteria.
Ilocos Region
REGION 1:
ILOCOS REGION
LA UNION
It is composed of
19 Municipalities
and 1 City.

1 LA UNION
City of San Fernando Agoo
Aringay Bacnotan Bagulin
Balaoan Bangar Bauang Burgos
Caba Luna Naguilian Pugo
Rosario San Gabriel San Juan
Santol Santo Tomas
Sudipen Tubao

1 LA UNION
BANGAR,
LA UNION
BANGAR,
LA UNION
The Inabel or
populary known
as Abel
Iloco simply
means
handwoven cloth..
Abel in Ilocano refers to the process
of weaving while inabel is the final
woven product made from cotton
and other natural fibers.
ILOCOS REGION
• Panagabel – oldest
Ilocano tradition that
they have inherited
from their ancestors.
The main ingredients of
this loom are tilar,
sinulid and pasensya
(patience).

Every Ilocano worth his salt has an abel somewhere in his


house; the fabric being an intrinsic part of their lives. From
birth, they are wrapped in abel blanket. During their weddings,
they wear dresses made from abel. Even in death, they are again
wrapped in a blanket made of the same material.
ILOCOS REGION
• Iloco or Inabel or
Abel Fabric – made
from cotton which
undergo binatbatan
or beating of cotton
balls using bamboo
sticks.

Dye  Coloring materials that are made of natural


or synthetic pigments for coloring fibers
used in cloth weaving.
sagut = natural dye made from the sap of
black plum.
PANGASINAN
The third biggest
province in the whole
Philippine Archipelago

2 PANGASINAN
Pangasinan comes
from the word “asin”
meaning “salt”, and
interprets as “a place
where salt is made”

2 PANGASINAN
PANGASINAN
• Bolinao Mats – smoothly-weaved mats
made from buri or raffia leaves.
VIGAN CITY,
ILOCOS SUR
Vigan City is the capital
city of Ilocos Sur and
the seat of the
provincial government.
VIGAN CITY,
ILOCOS SUR
The name Vigan came from
the Ilocano word "kabiga-an"
pertaining to the plant "biga"
which is a tuberous plant that
once grew along the banks
underground part of a of its rivers.
a much thickened

bearing buds from which


new plants arise.
VIGAN CITY,
ILOCOS SUR
Vigan is a World
Heritage Site in that it is
the most intact
example of a Spanish
colonial town in Asia.
ST. AUGUSTINE
CHURCH
It takes almost two
decades to complete the
construction of this massive
edifice which was started
by the Augustinian friars
led by Father Antonio
Estavillo in 1694 and
completed in 1710.
It is made up of coral
stone and bricks with
24 enormous
buttresses on the
both sides and at the
back.
PAGBURNAYAN
(JAR MAKING
FACTORY)
BURNAY
Unglazed earthen
jars which
became an
industry in Vigan
City that literally
came from earth.
BURNAY
The Burnay is
made of clay
mashed by
carabaos and
mixed with
sand.
BURNAY
Burnay have
small opening
and it is also
known as
Tapayan or
Banga.
BURNAY WANGGING
BURNAY
It is used for storage of
water, rice grains, basi
(sugarcane wine), and
condiments like salt and
bagoong (fish paste)
BURNAY
It is also widely used in the
fermentation of their
“sukang iloko” that comes
from the sweet sap of a
sugar palm tree called
“Kaong”
KAONG
END OF
PRESENTATION
Direction: Choose the correct
answer from the given
choices by raising a specific
color of the metacard.
*Legend:
Red – if you think that the correct answer
is (A);
Violet – if you think it’s (B); and
Brown – if it’s (C)
1.It is a flexible woven
material made from
fibers.

a.Fabric
b. Loom
c. Aesthetic
A
(RED)
2. The other term used
for the earthen jar
Burnay.

a. Loom
b. Wangging
c. Tapayan
C
(BROWN)
3. La Union is composed
of ___ Municipalities.

a. 18
b. 19
c. 20
B
(VIOLET)
4. The regional capital of
Region 1.

a. City of San Fernando


b. Dagupan City
c. Laoag City
A
(RED)
5. The largest province in
Region 1.

a. La Union
b. Pangasinan
c. Ilocos Sur
B
(VIOLET)
Cordillera Administrative Region
CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE
REGION (CAR)
BENGUET
• Tinalik Baskets – baskets made from rattan
where farming-related artistic expressions
are noticed.
KALINGA
– Kalinga Textiles – characterized
by dominant red stripes and
motifs of geometric patterns as
well as nature symbols
interlaced with white, yellow
and black fibers
• Tattoo Art – a form of folk
art which signifies a right of
passage from youth to adult
life or heroism, status in the
community and bravery.
IFUGAO
• Ikat – loincloth weaving characterized by
diamond stripes of white and red stripes.
IFUGAO
• Lingling-o or
Dinumug – amulets
used as fertility
symbols and worn
around the neck
an ornament or small piece of jewelry
thought to give protection against evil,
danger, or disease.

This has been considered as a very valuable piece and often used
as a gift for weddings. Other lingling-o are made of silver and
copper. In some places it is made of jade, shell, clay or stone. The
material used in making of the lingling-o is a sign of its owners
social status.
MOUNTAIN PROVINCE
• Hanging coffins – special
burial technique where
humid air and
atmosphere of Mt.
Province caves helped
mummify the bodies.
MOUNTAIN PROVINCE

• Kadangyan Cloth –
burial cloth only
used for rich
people.
MOUNTAIN PROVINCE

• Siniwsiwan – Bontoc cloth fabric used for


blanket and clothing.
MOUNTAIN PROVINCE
• Wanes – Bontoc men’s G-
string
• Getup or Lufid – women’s
wrap.
• Ginaspala – Belt worn by
married women of
Bontoc.
MOUNTAIN PROVINCE

• Bobo Basket –
used to catch fish
in the river.
The Ivatan women wears ahead gear called vakul.
This special clothing is woven from abaca fiber or
the vuyavuy palm a plant similar to coconut.
• Coral and limestone
• Grass roof
• 2 big windows (as big as doorways)
• Meter thick, 2 meters high
ISABELA
East Asia’s largest
dam project

MAGAT HYDRO
PLANT
QUIRINO
AGLIPAY CAVES
• 37 CAVES, 8 TOURIST SPOTS
CENTRAL
LUZON
A. AURORA
B. BATAAN
C. BULACAN
D. NUEVA ECIJA
E. PAMPANGA
F. TARLAC
G. ZAMBALES
AURORA
BALER CHURCH,
AURORA
Baler Church is also called the “Last Spanish
Garrison in the Philippines” and the site of the
“Siege of Baler.”.
BATAAN
World War 2 Battleground
Japanese vs Filipino-American forces
by General Douglas MacArthur
Shrine of Valor/Dambana ng
Kagitingan on Mt. Samat
BULACAN
FILIPINO VS SPANISH AND
AMERICAN COLORNIZERS
most important religious building in the
Philippines.

BARASOAIN CHURCH
"Baras ng Suwail" which means "dungeon of the defiant." It
may be seen that Barasoain is the town of the nationalistic
Filipino, fighting against the foreigners who oppressed the
nation.
NUEVA
ECIJA
TARLAC
ZAMBALES

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