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Patient Safety and Quality Care

University of South Florida
College of Nursing
Michael Sandin
 This presentation will cover:
 The definition of the Patient Safety and Quality Care
 The Institute of Medicine’s concepts regarding the Patient
Safety and Quality Care Movement
 Types of safety errors
Introduction  Importance of the PSQCM to the nursing profession
and Purpose  Importance of the PSQCM to the student
 Conclusion

The purpose of Patient Safety and Quality Care is essentially to

improve health care quality by ensuring patient safety and
improving the quality of interventions and strategies.3
 Patient Safety as defined by the IOM is “the
prevention of harm” to the patent.1
 This includes the need to “promote health and
prevent illness.”1
Definition of
Patient Safety and  Quality Improvement was defined by the IOM as
Quality Care “the degree to which health services for
Movement individuals and populations increase the
likelihood of desired health outcomes and are
consistent with current professional knowledge.”2
 Recommendations to improve Patient Safety and
Quality Care:4
 1. Safe – which essentially means to avoid
 2. Effective – base services on scientific
knowledge that are beneficial.
 3. Patient-Centered – or providing care that is
Institute of respectful and responsive to the individual
Medicine patient.
 4. Timely – reducing delays for care.
Concepts  5. Efficient – or avoiding waste.
 6. Equitable – or providing care that doesn’t
differ based on the characteristics of the
 Latent failure – errors that relate to the
policies and resources rather than the
health care professional.
 Active failures – are errors that have to do
with the contact with the patient
Types of Safety  Organizational system failure – involves
4 the management and protocols of the
Errors facility.
 Technical errors - technical issues with
the facilities and other resources like
The purpose the patient safety and quality care was to
“improve the quality of health care through patient safety
interventions and strategies.”3
• This relates heavily to the nursing profession, as it
Importance of serves as a guide to our practice in helping nurses
PSQCM to the provide safe and quality care.

Nursing • There is an emphasis to create a system of care that

prevents errors, learns from prior errors and creates a
Profession culture of safety.3
• By following this, nurses can guide their practice to
provide safe and quality care.
 Learning about the Patient Safety and
Quality Care Movement as a student
allows the student to go into the health
care profession with the mindset focused
Significance of on providing safe care by understanding
PSQCM to the the things can lead to errors.
Student  It also helps students understand that
they can learn from errors and improve
their practice to prevent further errors
from occurring.
Improvement to safety and quality care is important in
improving outcomes in health care.
IOM recommendations are to create safe, effective,
patient-centered, timely, efficient and equitable care.4
Conclusion A culture of safety is important to both nurses and student
 1. Aspden, P., Corrigan, J., & Wilcott, J. (2004). Patient Safety:
Achieving a New Standard for Care. Patient Safety:
Achieving a New Standard for Care.Retrieved June 14, 2018,

 2. Lohr, K. (Ed.). (1990). Medicare: A Strategy for Quality

Assurance: Volume 1. 1. Retrieved June 14, 2018, from

References  3. Mitchell, P. H., & Soule, E. S. (2009). Defining Patient

Safety and Quality Care. Patient Safety and Quality: An
Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Retrieved June 14,
2018, from

 4. The Six Domains of Health Care Quality. (2015, July 17).

Retrieved June 14, 2018, from