Sie sind auf Seite 1von 22
SOLID AND CARBONACEOUS ORGANIC REMOVAL FROM POULTRY SLAUGHTERHOUSE WASTEWATER BY USING INTEGRATED DAF AND AERATED SBR

SOLID AND CARBONACEOUS ORGANIC

REMOVAL FROM POULTRY SLAUGHTERHOUSE WASTEWATER BY USING

INTEGRATED DAF AND AERATED SBR

MUHAMMAD SHAHRUZI BIN MAHADZIR

MATRIC NUMBER : DF150065

SUPERVISOR

DR ROSLINDA BINTI SESWOYA

PANEL

PROF. MADYA DR RAFIDAH BINTI HAMDAN DR NUR ADILA BINTI AB. AZIZ

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

Background of Study The slaughterhouse plant produce relatively high amount of wastewater between 8 and 15
Background of Study
The slaughterhouse plant
produce relatively high
amount of wastewater
between 8 and 15 L per
bird slaughtered (200–700
m 3 /day). (Rajab et al, 2016)
A large amount of
wastewater generated by
poultry slaughterhouse
which has a high amount of
biodegradable organic
matter, suspended and
colloidal matter such fats,
cellulose and proteins
(Sugito et al., 2016).

3

• The characteristics of the wastewater generated from these plants are classified as a high-strength wastewater
• The characteristics of the wastewater generated from these plants are classified as a high-strength wastewater
The characteristics of the
wastewater generated from
these plants are classified as a
high-strength wastewater ,
where the contaminants’
concentrations have relatively
high in COD ,TSS, TKN and
PO 4 3 -P (Rajab et al., 2016 ).
• For nitrogen removal, Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) technology can treat these effluents under fill- aerobic-anoxic-settle-
For nitrogen removal,
Sequencing Batch Reactor
(SBR) technology can treat
these effluents under fill-
aerobic-anoxic-settle-
discharge sequences in a
single reactor basin
Phosphorus removal from
slaughterhouse wastewater
can be achieved by
chemical–dissolved-air
flotation (DAF)

4

5 Chicken processing wastewater contains high chemical oxygen demand (COD), oil, grease, fat, blood and feathers

5

5 Chicken processing wastewater contains high chemical oxygen demand (COD), oil, grease, fat, blood and feathers

Chicken processing

wastewater contains high chemical oxygen demand (COD), oil, grease, fat, blood and feathers

SBR are unable to remove nitrogen efficiently as COD since slaughterhouse wastewater contains high

amount of TN (J.P. Li et al.,

2008)

Due to the insufficient information specifically on the removal of BOD, COD

and TSS by using DAF and

SBR.

6 To assess the To determine the physio-chemical characteristic of poultry slaughterhouse wastewater performance of integrated

6

6 To assess the To determine the physio-chemical characteristic of poultry slaughterhouse wastewater performance of integrated
To assess the To determine the physio-chemical characteristic of poultry slaughterhouse wastewater performance of integrated DAF
To assess the
To determine the
physio-chemical
characteristic of
poultry
slaughterhouse
wastewater
performance of
integrated DAF
and aerated SBR
in terms of solid
and organic
removal.
7 • This study focuses on the the characterization of influent and effluent sample from the

7

7 • This study focuses on the the characterization of influent and effluent sample from the

This study focuses on the the characterization of influent and effluent

sample from the different process of the existing poultry slaughterhouse

plant.

The characteristics to be determined are total suspended solids (TSS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)

The effluent from the slaughterhouse wastewater treatment plant will be compared with the Standard of Industrial Effluent (2009).

CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 8

CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

9 Chicken Slaughterhouse Wastewater Characteristics Table 2.1 : The PSW characteristics (Rajab et al, 2016) Parameter

9

Chicken Slaughterhouse Wastewater Characteristics

Table 2.1 : The PSW characteristics (Rajab et al, 2016)

Parameter

Unit

Average ± SD

TCOD

mg/L

2711 ± 487

TBOD 5

mg/L

 

930 ± 96

TSS

mg/L

835

± 162

TVSS

mg/L

813

± 168

TDS

mg/L

917

± 135

10 Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) 1. DAF is a clarification process that can be used to

10

Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) 1. DAF is a clarification process that can be used to
Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF)
1.
DAF
is
a
clarification
process
that
can
be
used
to

remove

particles in

membrane plants or in conventional type plants using granular media filtration

2.

The DAF system has been widely applied in the primary treatment of food industry wastewater to separate suspended or fatty particles from the liquid.

3.

The advantages of using chemical DAF system are

high operational flexibility

high separation efficiency

high-rate units

4.

The instability of DAF system performance is attributed to the variability of the

industrial effluent quality characteristics, the inadequacy of the chemical

additions, and the full-influent pressurization in the DAF system (Del Nery et al.

2007).

Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) • J.P. Li et al., (2008) stated that SBR is recommended by

Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR)

• J.P. Li et al., (2008) stated
J.P.
Li
et
al.,
(2008)
stated

that SBR is recommended by The European

Commision to be amongst the best available techniques (BATs) for

slaughterhouse wastewater treatment since it potentially can remove organic carbon, nutrients and SS from wastewater as well as having a low capital and operational costs

Usually, every reactor in an SBR system will undergoes one or more cycles per

day. A typical cycle consists of five periods that are namely as fill, react, settle, decant and idle period.

According to I.R. de Nardi et al., (2010), effluents with high ammonia and low organic matter concentration will enable the use of biological nitrogen removal process. Hence, SBR technology can treat these effluents under fill-aerobic-

anoxic-settle-discharge sequences in a single reactor basin

PSW Treatment using combined SBR and DAF • Table 2.3 : Physicochemical monitoring parameters of the

PSW Treatment using combined SBR and DAF

Table 2.3 : Physicochemical monitoring parameters of the lab-scale anaerobic

effluent post-treatment units. (I.R. de Nardi et al., 2010)

Parameter

N

Full-scale UASB reactors' effluent

SBR effluent

Chemical-DAF effluent

TCOD (mg/L)

22

195± 62

70

± 33

24± 7

SCOD mg/L

22

94± 30

52

± 31

nd

BOD (mg/L)

nd

nd

 

nd

nd

TS mg/L

10

1773± 423

921

± 594

612±289

TDS mg/L

10

nd

839

± 560

595±288

TSS mg/L

nd

110± 48

82

± 59

18± 9

O&G (mg/L)

2

26

 

15

9±3

pH mg/L

22

-

 

7.99.6

5.26.1

CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY 13

CHAPTER 3

METHODOLOGY

Sampling collection • Sampling collection is done in PPNJ Poultry & Meat Sdn. Bhd. (PPNJ). The
Sampling collection
Sampling collection

Sampling collection is done in PPNJ Poultry & Meat Sdn. Bhd. (PPNJ). The sampling collection will be test is BOD, COD and TSS

14

The sampling schedule is tabulated as in Table 3.1

Table 3.1 : Sampling schedule

Sampling 2 Sampling 3
Sampling 2
Sampling 3
Sampling 1
Sampling 1
Third week Fifth week
Third week
Fifth week
First week
First week
Sampling 2 Sampling 3 Sampling 1 Third week Fifth week First week
Sampling points • Besides that, the sampling will be done in four points which are equalisation
Sampling points
Sampling points

Besides that, the sampling will be done in four points which are equalisation tank, influent to DAF, DAF effluent / influent to SBR and SBR effluent as illustrated in Figure 3.1

Sampling points • Besides that, the sampling will be done in four points which are equalisation

Figure 3.1

Analytical Methods Parameter Method Reference BOD 5 Winkler Method Sugito et al., 2016 COD Method 2550
Analytical Methods
Parameter
Method
Reference
BOD 5
Winkler Method
Sugito et al., 2016
COD
Method 2550 D,
Standard Method for
D.P. Cassidy and E. Belia (2005)
the Examination of the
Water and Wastewater
(APHA, 2005)
TSS
Method 2540 D,
Standard Method for
D.P. Cassidy and E. Belia (2005)
the Examination of the
Water and Wastewater
(APHA, 2005)

16

CHAPTER 4 EXPECTED RESULTS 17

CHAPTER 4 EXPECTED RESULTS

Expected Result The effluent quality is almost comply to the Standard B : Industrial Effluent The
Expected Result
Expected Result
The effluent quality is almost comply to the Standard B : Industrial Effluent
The effluent quality is
almost comply to the
Standard B : Industrial
Effluent

The influent

characteristics will fluctuated from one sampling to another sampling

The solid and organic removal was observed.

18

Gantt chart ( FYP1) Week 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Gantt chart ( FYP1)

Week 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 18/2/1
Week
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
18/2/1
25/2/1
4/3/
11/3/1
18/3/1
25/3/1
1/4/18
8/4/
15/4/1
22/4/1
29/4/1
6/5/
13/5/1
20/5/1
27/5/1
No.
Activity
8 –
8 –
18
8 –
8 –
8 –
8
8
8
18
8
8
8
Progress
24/2/1
3/3/
10/3/1
17/3/1
24/3/1
31/3/1
7/4/18
18 –
21/4/1
28/4/1
5/5/
12/5/1
19/5/1
26/5/1
2/6/
8
18
8
8
8
8
14/4/1
8
8
18
8
8
8
18
8
Actual
1
Preliminary study
Planning
Chapter 1
Actual
2
Introduction
Planning
Chapter 2
Actual
3
Literature review
Planning
Chapter 3
Actual
4
Methodology
Planning
Actual
5
Review of Drafts by
supervisor
Planning
Actual
6
Improvement of final
draft PSM 1
Planning
Actual
7
Submission proposed
PSM 1 to panel
Planning
Preparation of
Actual
8
presentation
Planning
Mid Sem Break
References 1. Rajab, A. R., Salim, M. R., Sohaili, J., Anuar, A. N., Salmiati, & Lakkaboyana,

References

  • 1. Rajab, A. R., Salim, M. R., Sohaili, J., Anuar, A. N., Salmiati, & Lakkaboyana, S. K. (2017). Performance of integrated anaerobic/aerobic sequencing batch reactor treating poultry slaughterhouse wastewater. Chemical Engineering Journal, 313, 967974.

  • 2. Sugito, Binawati, D. K., & Al Kholif, M. (2016). The effect of BOD concentrate influet to remove pollutant load in waste water of a chicken slaughterhouse. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11(5), 35193524.

  • 3. De Nardi, I. R., Del Nery, V., Amorim, A. K. B., dos Santos, N. G., & Chimenes, F. (2011). Performances of SBR, chemical-DAF and UV disinfection for poultry slaughterhouse wastewater reclamation. Desalination, 269(13), 184189.

  • 4. de Nardi, I. R., Fuzi, T. P., & Del Nery, V. (2008). Performance evaluation and operating strategies of dissolved-air flotation system treating poultry slaughterhouse wastewater. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 52(3), 533544.

  • 5. Del Nery, V., de Nardi, I. R., Damianovic, M. H. R. Z., Pozzi, E., Amorim, A. K. B., & Zaiat, M. (2007). Long-term operating performance of a poultry slaughterhouse wastewater treatment plant. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 50(1), 102114.

  • 6. Li, J. P. et al. (2008) ‘Nutrient removal from slaughterhouse wastewater in an intermittently aerated sequencing batch reactor’, Bioresource Technology, 99(16), pp. 76447650

21

21

21
22