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AREVA and increasing global electricity

consumption

Dr. Kurt Fischer


AREVA NP
Vice President Strategic Marketing

International Conference on „Secure Energy Supply“


Bratislava September 26-27, 2006

AREVA NP
Energy, our core business

 Front end Division


Reactors
Reactorsand
and
Services Division
Services Division

 Back
Back end
end Division
Division

 Transmission and
Distribution Division

AREVA NPSlovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 4
Growing Population and Demand on Electrical Power

Electricity
Primary Energies 25 000 Bill. kWh
World Population

15 400 Bill. kWh

19 Bill. t HCE1)

14 Bill. t HCE1)

8 Bill. Population
6 Bill. Population

1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020

1) Hard Coal Equivalent

Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 5
World Primary Energy Demand
(World Energy Council, Reference Scenario)

Billion TCE
30 27,1
Hydro power
25 Natural gas
19,4
20
Oil
13,7
15 12,6
10,4 Coal
10 7,9

5 Nuclear energy
Other
0 renewable
1970 1980 1990 1998 2020 2050 energies
/ CE W: ecr uo S

Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 6
Environment Protection
Emission of carbon dioxide

kg CO2 Fossil Regenerative Nuclear


pro kWh 0,95
1
0,72 Emissions in kg CO2/kWh
Operation
0,68
Fuel
0,75
Erection

0,5
0,37

Source: Siemens PG, own calculations


0,25 0,2

0,020 0,004 0,025


0
Lignite Hard Oil Gas Solar Wind Water Uranium
Coal (Photovoltaic)

Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 7
Nuclear energy and Environment Protection

„Nuclear energy is the only no greenhouse gas-emitting power source


that can effectively replace fossil fuels and satisfy global demand“
Patrick Moore, founder of Greenpeace, The Miami Herald, January 30, 2005

"It's like a slow-motion train crash. If we don't do anything about this


next year, and the next, nothing will happen. But we will find soon that
our electricity supply becomes even more fragile and we get power
cuts and it will get worse.”
Prof. Ian Fells, Chairman New and Renewable Energy Centre,
BBC News Website, 16. Mai 2005

Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 8
World Nuclear Power Status

North America Western Europe Central & Eastern


 121  -  -  134  1  Europe
1  70  8  5

Asia
 109  15  30
Africa
2 - -

South America
 6  1  1

 In operation
 Under
construction
 In planning

May 2006 – 442 Nuclear Power Plants worldwide


Source: WNA & IAEA

Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 9
Economical Best Alternative: Nuclear Power
Need of Electricity in Finland
emission trade
20 €/t CO2 generation cost of electricity, with emission trading
60,0 fuel
54.2
49.1 50.1
50,0 operation/ 46.8
maintenance 19.6 10.0
38.2
40,0 capital cost 35.3 16.2
7.0 25.6
27.7
30,0 27.3
22.8 23.7 17.9
17.9
2.7
20,0 22.4 40.1
14.9 7.2 8.2
Euro/MWh 6.5
7.4
10,0
13.8 3.5 13.0
10.2
7.6 5.3
0,0
Elspot Elspot Elspot Elspot Elspot Nuclear Coal Gas Peat Wood Wind
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Operating hours
2200 hours/year

real interest rate: 5.0 % Operating hours 8000 hours/year


prices: March 2004
Source: R.Tarjanne & K. Luostarinen 06.04.2004
Lappeenranta University of Technology
Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 10
Perspectives for New NPPs

Driving Forces  Rising electricity demand and/or need for replace-


ment of aging nuclear and fossil power plants
 Instability of international markets for fossil fuels
 Ongoing commitment to improving the environment
and combating climate change
 Security of supply in baseload power generation
 Competitive power production costs

> Slovak
AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Nuclear
Society Society
– Slovak – Slovak
Nuclear Forum Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 11
11
Perspectives for New NPPs

Prerequisites  Competitive NPPs


 Safety enhancement (CDF < 10 -6 /a)
 Worldwide-acting vendors of NPPs
with long-term commitment
 Viable sub-supplier base
 Ongoing R&D and education in nuclear technology
 High-level waste repositories (long-term issue)
as one of the keys for
 Public acceptance

> Slovak
AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Nuclear
Society Society
– Slovak – Slovak
Nuclear Forum Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 12
12
Age of fleet and increasing power demand result in
new and replacement power plant capacity
700
EU-25
GW
600 139
Required capacity Expansion
2016 - 2030
500 Expansion 84
-2015
Others
Replacement 221
400 Oil Replacement 139 2016 - 2030
-2015
Gas
300
Expansion 84
138
112 102 -2015
200 Coal 90

30
Replacement 139
-2015
100 1 - 10 11 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 > 40
Nuclear Age in years
Age structure of installed capacity in
GW
0
2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030

AREVA NPSlovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 13
Areva’s scenarios fit with existing trends

600

550

500 Areva’s scenarios


450
GWe

400 Actual capacity in 2004

350

300

250
2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030

DOE-EIA High DOE-EIA Low OCDE-IEA Reference


OCDE-IEA Alternative IAEA-High IAEA-Low

Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 14
Reactor Generations

TN
1950 1970 1990 2010 2030 2050

Generation II
Generation
Early Prototype
Early Prototype Reactors
Reactors

Generation IIII
Generation
Commercial Power
Commercial Power Reactors:
Reactors: PWR,
PWR, BWR,
BWR, CANDU,
CANDU, VVER/RBMK
VVER/RBMK
incl. modernization,
incl. modernization, power
power increase
increase and
and life
life time
time extension
extension

Generation III,
Generation III, IIII
Reactors with
with further
further enhanced
enhanced safety
safety and
and increased
increased competitiveness
competitivenes
Reactors
Advanced water
water cooled
cooled reactors,
reactors, e.
e. g.
g. EPR,
EPR, SWR
SWR 1000,
1000, ABWR,
ABWR, AP100
AP100
Advanced

Generation IV
Generation IV
Future Additional
Additional Reactor
Reactor concepts:
concepts:
Future
e. g. HTR, FR
e. g. HTR, FR

Fusion
Fusion

> Slovak
AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Nuclear
Society Society
– Slovak – Slovak
Nuclear Forum Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 15
15
Third-generation reactors:
Enhanced Safety, improved cost-effectiveness

SWR 1000 EPR (Evolutionary Power Reactor)

An advanced design based on proven technology


AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 16
EPR Conception – 3rd Generation

AN EVEN MORE
COMPETITIVE
GREATER REACTOR
PROTECTION
OF THE Electrical Power
around 1600 Mwe,
ENVIRONMENT
HIGHER LEVEL Increased
Energy efficiency,
OF SAFETY
Uses less uranium, Better use of fuel,
produces less plutonium Service life extended
Additional measures to and generates to 60 years,
prevent the occurrence less long-lived
of events likely to radioactive waste Increase of reactor
damage the core availability – over 90%
An extremely robust, Simplified maintenance
leak tight containment operation
Reduced exposure
of operating and
maintenance personnel

AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 17
Conception of the EPR

Reactor Building

Safeguard Building 1

Fuel Building Safeguard Building 2+3

Nuclear Auxiliary Building Diesel Building 3+4

Waste Building

Turbine Building

Safeguard Building 4

Diesel Building 1+2

Office Building

Access Building C.I. Electrical Building

AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 18
OLKILUOTO , 2009
SWR 1000 – our BWR option

 The SWR was optionally proposed for OL 3 and its licensability


confirmed
 The SWR 1000 remains an AREVA NP product for new builds
 Selected SWR 1000 features will be offered in modernization projects
AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 20
Decision Taken for the First EPR in France
Nuclear Power covers 78% of electricity;
France features the lowest CO2 emission of all OECD countries
A new energy law is in the voting process of the parliament
with the aim to give priority to nuclear power in national
energy strategy
Start in next decade with modernization of the
existing power plant pool
NPPs of EPR type are planned to replace older plants
The first EPR will be erected on site of Flamanville from 2007 on

AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 21
Positioning the EPR on the US market

 AREVA’s goal is to deploy EPR plants in the USA and therefore to licence the
EPR design

Design Certification Application: end 2007

► AREVA and Constellation have formed UniStar Nuclear - a unique business


model - to market the U.S. EPR in the USA

 Several US utilities have expressed strong interest and consider EPR as a


viable option for future needs.

► The U.S.EPR will be 100% American:


 Re-engineered to conform US codes and standards
 80% of supply to originate from the USA
 Long-term industrial partnership contemplated
 UniStar recently stepped into component manufacturing in USA

Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 22
Three Tasks for Nuclear Energy,
Today and Tomorrow

Cover part of power demand growth


in industrialized and emerging countries
Substitution of aging base-load power plants
in industrialized countries, starting about 2010
Deployment of nuclear energy in new fields
other than electricity generation,
based on new reactor types („Generation IV“)

We are ready
to bear these
challenges!
AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 23
Back Up
EPR Safety Improvements
Main Safeguard Systems of the EPR

Double containment Melt core


with ventilation and cooling area
filtration

Water reserves Containment heat


inside the dispersion
containment system

Spreading Area Four redundant


protection of safety systems
the basemat

AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 25
Evolution of AREVA NP’s BWR Technology

• Kahl (1961) • Würgassen 2) • Gundremmingen B/C


• Gundremmingen A • Brunsbüttel (1977) 3) (1984/85)
• Lingen (1968) 1) • Philippsburg 1
• Isar 1
• Tullnerfeld
• Krümmel

SWR 1000
(1992-2002)

Product Line 72

Product Line 69
Pressure
containment
1) First BWR with Fine Motion Control Rod Drives
2) With external Recirculation Loops & Internal Jet Pumps
3) First BWR with Reactor Internal Recirculation Pumps

“Solid basis of experience with outstanding performance.”


AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 26
G8 - Nuclear Generation (TWh and %)

USA

811.9 TWh

FRA

434.7 TWh JAP

313.5 TWh
78.0 % GER
RUS
GB
164.8 TWh CAN
139.8 TWh 89.6 TWh
34.3 % 30.6 % 75.9 TWh
20.4 % 15.4% 21.9%
11.8 %

war Gc M: ecr uo S
Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 27
Governance

Chairman of the Supervisory Board:


Frédéric Lemoine
Chairman of the Executive Board:
Anne Lauvergeon

Shareholders
Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA) 79%
French State 5%
Investment certificate holders listed on the SBF 120 4%
Caisse des dépôts et consignations 4%
ERAP 3%
EDF 2%
Framépargne 2%
Total 1%

AREVA NPSlovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 28
Key data for 2005
Sales revenue by division
(in millions of euros and employees)

Reactors
Reactors Transmission
Transmission
Front End Back end
Back End
Front end &&Services
Services &&Distribution
Distribution
division division
division
division
division division
division

 Employees  Employees  Employees  Employees


11,047 14,323 10,864 22,094
 Sales  Sales  Sales  Sales
€ 2.631 M € 2.348 M € 1.921 M € 3.212 M

Transmission & Distribution Front End division


division

€ 10.1 M

Reactors & Services


Back End division division

AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 29
The Finland case:
Why additional Nuclear Power?

New nuclear power plant


covers partly the additional electricity demand and replaces
old power plants

enables, together with renewable, the fulfillment of the


Kyoto commitments

secures stable and predictable electrical price

reduces the dependence on electricity import

AREVA NP Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 30
AREVA Company Structure

 € 10.1 billion sales


 58,760 employees
As of 2005

66%

AREVA
COGEMANC AREVA NP
FRAMATOME ANP AREVA T&D

34%

SIEMENS AG

AREVA NPSlovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 31
Generation IV International Forum (GIF):
Reactor Types Selected for Development

Gas Fast Reactor (GFR) Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) Sodium Fast Reactor (SFR)

Super Critical Water cooled Reactor (SCWR) Lead Fast Reactor (LFR) Molten Salt Reactor (MSR)
Slovak Nuclear Society – Slovak Nuclear Forum > AREVA NP GmbH < Kurt Fischer – September 26th 2006 32