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MACAM-MACAM DAN SIFAT

BAHAN RESIN KEDOKTERAN GIGI

Oleh :
Bimo Rintoko, drg., Sp.Pros.
ACRYLIC
RESIN
RESIN
COMPOSITE
RESIN
RESIN
1. Any of various solid or semisolid amorphous natural organic
substances that usually are transparent or translucent and
brown to yellow; usually formed in plant secretions; are soluble
in organic solvents but not water; are used chiefly in varnishes,
inks, plastics, and medicine; and are found in many dental
impression materials
2. A broad term used to describe natural or synthetic substances
that form plastic materials after polymerization.

They are named according to their chemical composition, physical


structure, and means for activation of polymerization

The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry., July 2005. The Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms.
The Academy of Prosthodontics, Vol. 94 number 1
ACRYLIC RESIN
(POLYMETHYL METHACRYLATE)

 Why?
 Desirable qualities:
 Good esthetics
 Cheap
 Easy to process
 Disadvantages:
 Not strong enough
 Susceptible to distortion
 Low thermal conductivity
 Radiolucent
DENTAL USED

 Denture base material


 Denture repair

 Denture teeth

 Soft liners

 Construction of customized trays

 Soft tissue replication on cast metal framework


Acrylic Resin

Acrylic Denture
POLIMERIZATION

I. Heat-Cure
II. Cold/Self cure

• The reaction is an addition polymerization reaction


to convert MMA (methyl methacrylate) to PMMA
(polymethyl methacrylate).
• Mono= single
• Poly= many
HEAT CURE
Powder :
• Beads or granules of PMMA
• Initiator: benzoyl peroxide
• Pigments
• Opacifiers : titanium/zinc oxide
• Plasticiser : dibutyl phthalate
• Synthetic fibers : nylon/acrylic

Liquid :
• Methyl methacrylate monomer
• Cross-linking agent : ethylene glycol dimethacrylate. This
component improves mechanical properties
COLD/SELF CURE

 Composition : identical to heat cure resin


except polymerization is initiated by tertiary
amine (e.g. sulfinic acid or dimethyl-p-
toluidine). They contain an inhibitor
(hydroquinone) that destroys free radicals to
prolong working time
COLD CURE RESIN USED
FOR MAKING SPECIAL TRAYS
COLD VS HEAT CURE

 Smaller polymer beads are used in cold cure


resin to ease dissolution in monomer.
 Cold curing method results in a polymer with a
lower molecular weight leading to :
 Lower strength
 Residual uncured monomer

 Lower color stability, more prone to yellowing

 More prone to creep and therefore distortion


COMPOSITE RESIN
COMPOSITION OF RESIN COMPOSITE

1. Resin Matrix
2. Glass Filler Particles
3. Coupling Agent
4. Initiators and Accelerator
TYPES OF RESIN COMPOSITE
1. Microfill Composite
2. Hybrid Composites
3. Nanocomposites
4. Flowable Composites
5. Core Composites
6. Indirect Resin Composites
7. Ormocers
8. Ceromers
9. Fluoride-releasing Resin Composites
ADVANTAGES OF RESIN COMPOSITES
1. Tooth-coloured, have excellent aesthetics and
good colour stability.
2. Mercury-free.
3. Conservative of tooth substance as mechanical
retention and resistance features are not
requaired.
4. Can be bonded to enamel and dentine.
5. Low thermal conductivity, insulating pulp from
temperature changes.
6. No galvanic potential.
DISADVANTAGES OF RESIN COMPOSITES
1. Shrinkage on polimerization (0,6-9% by
volume)
2. The dentin-composite bond may degrade with
time.
3. The coefficient of thermal expansion of resin
composite is typically two to six time higher
than that of tooth substance.
4. Sorbtion of water by resin composite.