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40 points
A quadratic contains a squared
variable (x2) as the highest-order
term
Standard form:
y=ax +bx+c
2
There can be 0, 1, or 2 solutions
for x (also called “roots”)

## That’s because solutions are

where the graph of an equation
crosses the x-axis
0 solutions

2 solutions 1 solution
To solve:

1st: Always move everything to one side of the equation and set it equal
to zero!

## 2nd: Use one of the following techniques...

OPTION 1: Factoring aka: reverse-FOIL
This is ALWAYS easiest if a=1, so try to simplify your expression so that this is
the case!

## For x2+bx+c: Look for the factors of c that add up to equal b

For ax2+bx+c : multiply a times c, look for the factors of ac that add up to b,
use those factors to break the middle term into two pieces, then factor by
grouping

## Check your work by FOILing!

OPTION 2: Square Rooting:

## Use when both sides of equation

are perfect squares
OPTION 2: Square Rooting example:

Ex: (x+3)2 = 49
You can use the square root on both sides
because both sides of the equation are perfect
squares!
(x+3) = 7
x= 4
OPTION 3: Completing the Square
Use with more difficult quadratic equations

## 1st: put the quadratic in standard form

2nd: divide b by 2 and square the result
3rd: add the result to both sides of the
equation, factor, & solve by square rooting
Another example...
OPTION 4: The Quadratic
Formula

## *Complicated math, so only use as

a last resort!
Use to find an exact solution

## *Be sure to write in standard form before plugging in the values of a,

b, and c into the formula!

## MEMORIZE this formula!!!!

Discriminant: the sign dictates the # of
REAL solutions of the equation

+ = 2 real solutions
0 = 1 real solution
- = 0 real solutions

## You MUST solve the discriminant 1st!

Graphing Parabolas
Note: Quadratics (& functions) graph as parabolas (U-shaped)

## When a>0: will open UP

*Be sure you are familiar with the terms on the image
ANOTHER way to see them: Vertex Form

y = a(x - h) 2 + k
h & k are the x- and - coordinates of the parabola’s vertex, respectively, and the equation x = h give the
axis of symmetry
This is the quadratic formula
From standard form, plug in the values into x = -b
WITHOUT the square2aroot
part!

To find the y-coordinate of the vertex, plug the x-coordinate into the original equation and solve for y!