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DISTANCE á BETWEEN
TWO POINTS
 AND 
SLOPE r OF LINE JOINING
TWO POINTS

 AND P2(x2,y2)


EQUATION OF LINE JOINING
TWO POINTS

 AND P2(x2,y2)


˜   ð 

   


  
 ˜
   
˜ 
 
EQUATION OF LINE IN
TERMS OF  INTERCEPT


AND  INTERCEPT

Y   
 
Y  Y
s O r ð r  
s þ     
  
  

s  r    

   þ

s 
 O O
GENERAL EQUATION OF
LINE

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DISTANCE FROM POINT  
TO LINE       0

þ 
  



 

 
ANGLE 6 BETWEEN TWO LINES
HAVING SLOPES r AND r

s      


  O

s         

AREA OF TRIANGLE
WITH VERTICES

Ú      


s |

s @ O  ð O ð O  O  O  O 

s þ 
  


  

  
  
 
 
 
Transformation of
Coordinates Involving
Pure Translation
s      
s      

s    
 
  

  
      
 
 
  
     

 
  
 !  
"  
   
 
 

 


   


O  O    
 O  O  
  O 
   

      O 


s þ 
 
O þ
O 

  
 


O O    r þ



 O O
Transformation of Coordinates
Involving Translation and Rotation

O  O    
 O O  O  O     

  O 
            O  O 


s þ 
þ  O 


   
O
 


O 

  
O O 
  r þ

 
 O O
Polar Coordinates 

s O A
s 

s A A 
 O
Equation of Circle
s Equation of circle of radius  center at
  

s !   # !  # #
 
Equation of Circle of Radius
Passing through Origin
s  A † r
s þ Ar    
  


   r   


 

  
Ellipse, Parabola, Hyperbola
Ellipse with center     and
major axis parallel to  axis
s 
  O
 
s 
  O

   
 s     


 
  ! 
s  
 
´    


  

 s 
  O
s 
    

 


  O
  O
s 
    
  

O   A  "
O 

 A #$  A
Parabola with axis parallel to  axis

s  
O
 s m!!$
 
O 
 " 

  
 %$
&

  % 
 




   
   
 s m
  


&

  


 
"  
s     
 &
 


A ¢'() A 
* ) A