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Today’s Objectives:
Students will be able to determine
an equivalent force for a distributed
In-Class Activities:
• Check Homework
• Applications
• Equivalent Force

## = • Group Problem Solving

Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd
APPLICATIONS

## There is a bundle (called a bunk) of 50 mm x 100

mm boards stored on a storage rack. This lumber
places a distributed load (due to the weight of the
wood) on the beams holding the bunk.

## To analyze the load’s effect on the steel beams, it is

force. How would you do this?

Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd
APPLICATIONS
(continued)
The uniform wind
pressure is acting on a
triangular sign (shown in
light brown).

## To be able to design the joint

between the sign and the sign
post, we need to determine a
single equivalent resultant
force and its location.

Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd
In many situations, a surface
area of a body is subjected to a
caused by winds, fluids, or the
weight of items on the body’s
surface.

## We will analyze the most common

case of a distributed pressure
along one axis of a flat rectangular
body.

## In such cases, w is a function of

x and has units of force per
length.
Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd
MAGNITUDE OF RESULTANT FORCE

## Consider an element of length dx.

The force magnitude dF acting on it
is given as
dF = w(x) dx

## The net force on the beam is given

by
+  FR = L dF = L w(x) dx = A
curve w(x).

Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd
LOCATION OF THE RESULTANT FORCE

## The total moment about point O is

given as

+ MRO = L x dF = L x w(x) dx

## Assuming that FR acts at , it will

produce the moment about point O as

## + MRO = ( ) (FR) = L w(x) dx

Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd
LOCATION OF THE RESULTANT FORCE (continued)

## Comparing the last two equations,

we get

FR acts through a point “C,” which is
called the geometric center or
centroid of the area under the

Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd
EXAMPLES

## Finding the area of a rectangle and its centroid is easy!

Note that triangle presents a bit of a challenge but still is
pretty straightforward.

Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd
EXAMPLES
Now let’s complete the calculations to find the concentrated
loads (which is a common name for the resultant of the

## The rectangular load: FR = 10  5 = 50 kN and x = 2.5 m.

FR = (0.5) (600) (6) = 1,800 N and x = 6 – (1/3) 6 = 4 m.
Please note that the centroid of a right triangle is at a distance
one third the width of the triangle as measured from its
base. Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd
GROUP PROBLEM SOLVING

beam as shown.
Find: The equivalent force
and its location
from point A.
Plan:

## 1) The distributed loading can be divided into three parts. (one

2) Find FR and its location for each of these three distributed
3) Determine the overall FR of the three point loadings and its
location.
Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd
GROUP PROBLEM SOLVING (continued)
height 800 N/m and width 12 m,

## x1 = (2/3) (12) = 8 m from A

For the top right triangular loading of height 300 N/m and width 9 m,
FR2 = (0.5) (300) (9) = 1350 N

## and its line of action is at x2 = (1/3) (9)+12 = 15 m from A

For the rectangular loading of height 500 N/m and width 9 m,
FR3 = (500) (9) = 4500 N

## and its line of action is at x3 = (1/2) (9)+12 = 16.5 m from A

Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th SI Edition © Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd