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RAN2717

Marek Wojtyna
MBB CS Network Engineering

Please use always the latest version available under the following link:
https://sharenet-ims.inside.nokiaSolutions andnetworks.com/livelink/livelink/overview/D480258216

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Disclaimer

ATTENTION:

- Please note that NEI materials are FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY. If they shall be
used as source for customer consultation presentation, it is mandatory to align the
contents with Product Management or/and local Sales teams first!

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History and Acknowledgements

History Open Issues

Versions Date Reason for Update Item Open Item Description Status / Comments
0.1 12.04.2012 First draft of the document

1.0 22.04.2013 Version updated to new template

1.1 27.06.2013 Disclaimer update

1.2 16.12.2013 MultiRAB statements corrected

Acknowledgements
Sources and folks who have contributed:
Adam Bartkowski (author of 0.1 version)

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Smart LTE Layering

Introduction Deployment Aspects


1 Motivation and Feature Overview 5 Licenses Keys, Activation

Interdependencies Performance Aspects


2 Interdependencies with Other Features and Functions 6 Counters

Technical Details
3 Functionality and Implementation 7 References and Abbreviations

Configuration Management
4 Parameters and Configuration

NEI Contact: Marek Wojtyna

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Introduction
Motivation and Feature Overview

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Introduction Table of Contents


WCDMA – LTE Interworking from WCDMA perspective

• RAN2067 LTE Interworking (RU20 On Top)


WCDMA - LTE Interworking overview
• Cell reselection from WCDMA to LTE when UE is in idle
mode, Cell_PCH or URA_PCH state in WCDMA layer.
• The UE, on operator’s preference, selects to camp on
LTE layer based on absolute layers’ priorities once
coverage is available.
• RAN2176 LTE PS Handover (RU20 On Top)
Cell_DCH RRC_CONNECTED • Seamless handover of data services to WCDMA when
leaving the LTE coverage with minimal interruption time.
• Multi-RAB handover is supported.
Cell_FACH • RAN2264 Smart LTE Handover (RU50)
• WCDMA-LTE outgoing PS handover once LTE
coverage is available (without delay of changing state to
Cell_PCH
Idle, Cell_PCH or URA_PCH).
URA_PCH • RAN2435 SRVCC from LTE and CSFB with HO (RU40)
• Single Radio Voice Call Continuity from LTE to WCDMA
allows LTE VoIP call to be handed over to WCDMA as a
normal CS voice call.
• CS Fallback support (if VoLTE call cannot be setup, for
UTRA_IDLE RRC_IDLE realization of the voice call the UE is handed over to
WCDMA for CS connection setup)
• RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering (RU40)
• Efficient mechanisms for moving active UEs to the LTE
layer (RRC Connection Release with Redirection
* Procedure selection (SRVCC or CS FB) depends on VoLTE availability in E-UTRAN command to LTE).

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Introduction Table of Contents


Smart LTE Layering

Brief Description:
UTRAN Connected Mode
• This feature supports redirection from WCDMA to LTE via RRC Connection Release.
Cell_PCH URA_PCH
• It is possibile to redirect active UEs (in Cell_DCH UTRAN Connected Mode).
• Smart LTE Layering introduces mechanism for network load balancing - possibility to offload
WCDMA network during high load states.
• This mechanism suplements RAN2067 LTE Interworking which allows cell reselection to LTE Cell_DCH Cell_FACH
in Idle Mode state.
• Redirection is not done in case of emergency call
Blind redirection Establish RRC
Connection
Release RRC
Connection

(without measurement of Idle mode


target frequency)
UE in Cell_DCH state in
UTRAN

Benefits:
UE has been redirected to E-UTRAN
via RRC Connection Release Load balancing End user experience

• Better user experience after redirection from WCDMA to LTE in


case of high load and lack of cell resources.
• Instead of waiting for resources in WCDMA, redirection to LTE
improves user experience.

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With and without RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering

RAN2717 RAN2717
RAN2067 RAN2067
Activated
Not activated Activated Activated

• Absolute priorities provided for layer selection are available only in idle mode, • There is a possibility to redirect active UEs from WCDMA to LTE
Cell_PCH or URA_PCH state • While WCDMA cell is congested, LTE capable UEs may be redirecte to LTE
• Load balancing mechanism is not available layer.
• In high load states of WCDMA cell, LTE capable UEs may experience low • This improves both their throughputs and LTE non-capable UEs throughputs
throughputs instead of switching to LTE layer because WCDMA resources are shared among less number of users

There is no possibility to redirect active UEs from WCDMA to LTE Redirection can be done based on several triggers

Smart LTE Layering


prevent high load state in „Go to E-UTRAN”
WCDMA cell is in high load
WCDMA cell while LTE
state
capable UEs exist

In spite of LTE capable UEs LTE capable UEs are


existence, there are no redirected to LTE via RRC
means of redirecting them Connection Release
to LTE layer containing E-UTRA Target
Info IE

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Introduction Table of Contents


General Release Information

Release Information for: • RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering is part of RU40 release.
RAN2435 SRVCC from LTE and CSFS with HO • It does not require any new or additional hardware. Flexi BTS
release 2 or 3 is suficient:
• FSMC,
WCDMA Release RU40
• FSMD,
RNC Release RN7.0 • FSME,
• FSMF.
mcRNC Release mcRNC3.0 No specific BTS SW version is required.

BTS (Flexi) Support not required


• Necessary support for this features comes from network
controller RNC or mcRNC – the SW version from RU40
RAN2382 Flexi System Module FSMC release is required (RN7.0 or mcRNC3.0)
BTS HW RAN1016 Flexi System Module FSMD
(one of the following HW • In order to perform Layering from 3G towards LTE, the UE
elements is required) RAN1848 Flexi System Module FSME
RAN2262 Flexi Multiradio System Modules (FSMF) must be LTE capable
• Rel-8 capable UEs are required
NetAct OSS5.4 CD set 3
• Smart LTE Layering belongs to application software -
software that includes functions that are required for
BSW/ASW ASW
commercial network operations and value-adding services.
Thus it is not a basic feature and requires license. The type
License control Long-term ON/OFF
of license is Long-term ON/OFF.
UE 3GPP Rel-8

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Introduction Table of Contents


UEs supporting redirection to LTE

UE support
UE NodeB RNC

1. UE reqirements
• In order to perform Layering from 3G towards LTE, the UE must be LTE capable RRC: UE CAPABILITY ENQUIRY
• Rel-8 capable UEs are required
UE CAPABILITY ENQUIRY message contains IE
“Capability Update Requirement” which is used to
2. How to check whether UE supports LTE? request the UE to transmit its capability information
related to any radio access network that is
• UE indicates it’s support of E-UTRA FDD/TDD by including IE Support of E-UTRA FDD supported by the UE.
or IE Support of E-UTRA TDD to the RRC CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE message.
• UE radio access capability IE is also included in RANAP:RELOCATION
RRC: UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION
REQUEST message in RRC Container.
• If UE capability information was not received, RNC initiates UE Capability Enquiry
UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION contains IE “Inter-
procedure. System specific capability update requirement list IE shall include "E- RAT UE radio access capability” and it is used to
UTRA provide UE Inter-RAT (UE E-UTRA Capability) capabilities to the UTRAN. provide UE Inter-RAT (“UE E-UTRA Capability”)
capabilities to the UTRAN

RRC: UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION CONFIRM

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Interdependencies
Interdependencies with Other Features or Functions

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Interdependencies Table of Contents


Feature Interdependancies

• Mandatory feature for RAN717 Smart LTE Layering is:


• RAN2067 LTE Interworking (RU20 On Top)
optional
Cell reselection from WCDMA to LTE when UE is in RAN2717
idle mode, Cell_PCH or URA_PCH state in WCDMA Smart LTE Layering
layer.
The UE, on operator’s preference, selects to camp on
LTE layer based on absolute layers’ priorities once
coverage is available. RAN2717
SRVCC from LTE
• Flexi System Module Release 2 or 3 (FSMC, and CSFB with HO

optional
FSMD, FSME, FSMF) LTE2067
• Optional features (indicated in green) are supplement items LTE Interworking
that supports ultimate interworking strategy between RAN2264
WCDMA and LTE networks: Smart LTE
• RAN2435 SRVCC from LTE and CSFB with HO - Handover
Single Radio Voice Call Continuity from LTE to
WCDMA. CS Fallback support (if VoLTE call cannot
be setup, for realization of the voice call the UE is
handed over to WCDMA for CS connection setup). or
This is how, among others, LTE capable UEs are
coming to WCDMA UTRAN and then they need be
moved back to LTE.
RAN1016 RAN1848 RAN2262 RAN2382
• RAN2264 Smart LTE Handover – allows to Flexi System Flexi System Flexi Multiradio System Flexi System
hadover UEs back to LTE in connected mode. Module FSMD Module FSME Modules (FSMF) Module FSMC

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Technical Details
Functionality and Implementation

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Technical Details Table of Contents


Triggers for LTE Layering

Triggers - There are three main events that may trigger Smart LTE Layering:

State change (inactivity) Channel type switch CS call release

• State transition from Cell_DCH to Cell_FACH, • Channel type switch from HS-DSCH to DCH • CS RAB release trigger means case where an
Cell_PCH, URA_PCH due to inactivity. • Instead of waiting for resources in WCDMA, the UE has CS RAB and at least one active PS RAB
• LTE Interworking allows to reselect when the UE UE is redirected to LTE layer and then CS RAB is released (UE would stay in
is in Idle, Cell_PCH and URA_PCH – now CELL_DCH state in WCDMA).
• This trigger is used only if UE has no CS RAB
layering to LTE is even quicker.

UTRAN Connected Mode


DCH
Cell_PCH URA_PCH

HS-
DSCH
Cell_DCH Cell_FACH

• The operator can decide which events triggers LTE Layering via setting appropriate value for SmartLTELayeringEnabled parameter:
• Enabled for state change (1),
• Enabled for state change and channel type switch (2),
• Enabled for state change and CS RAB release (3),
• Enabled for all triggers (4)
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Technical Details Table of Contents


Triggers for LTE Layering

Triggers - There are three main events that may trigger Smart LTE Layering:

State change (inactivity) Channel type switch CS call release

• State transition from Cell_DCH to Cell_FACH, • Channel type switch from HS-DSCH to DCH • CS RAB release trigger means case where an
Cell_PCH or URA_PCH due to inactivity. • Instead of waiting for resources in WCDMA, the UE has CS RAB and at least one active PS RAB
• LTE Interworking allows to reselect when the UE UE is redirected to LTE layer and then CS RAB is released (UE would stay in
is in Idle, Cell_PCH and URA_PCH – now CELL_DCH state in WCDMA).
• This trigger is used only if UE has no CS RAB
layering to LTE is even quicker.

UTRAN Connected Mode


DCH
Cell_PCH URA_PCH

HS-
DSCH
Cell_DCH Cell_FACH

• The operator can decide which events triggers LTE Layering via setting appropriate value for SmartLTELayeringEnabled parameter:
• Enabled for state change (1),
• Enabled for state change and channel type switch (2),
• Enabled for state change and CS RAB release (3),
• Enabled for all triggers (4)
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Technical Details Table of Contents


Triggers for LTE Layering

Triggers - There are three main events that may trigger Smart LTE Layering:

State change (inactivity) Channel type switch CS call release

• State transition from Cell_DCH to Cell_FACH, • Channel type switch from HS-DSCH to DCH • CS RAB release trigger means case where an
Cell_PCH or URA_PCH due to inactivity. • Instead of waiting for resources in WCDMA, the UE has CS RAB and at least one active PS RAB
• LTE Interworking allows to reselect when the UE UE is redirected to LTE layer and then CS RAB is released (UE would stay in
is in Idle, Cell_PCH and URA_PCH – now CELL_DCH state in WCDMA).
• This trigger is used only if UE has no CS RAB
layering to LTE is even quicker.

UTRAN Connected Mode


DCH
Cell_PCH URA_PCH

HS-
DSCH
Cell_DCH Cell_FACH

• The operator can decide which events triggers LTE Layering via setting appropriate value for SmartLTELayeringEnabled parameter:
• Enabled for state change (1),
• Enabled for state change and channel type switch (2),
• Enabled for state change and CS RAB release (3),
• Enabled for all triggers (4)
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Technical Details Table of Contents


Triggers for LTE Layering

Triggers - There are three main events that may trigger Smart LTE Layering:

State change (inactivity) Channel type switch CS call release

• State transition from Cell_DCH to Cell_FACH, • Channel type switch from HS-DSCH to DCH • CS RAB release trigger means case where an
Cell_PCH or URA_PCH due to inactivity. • Instead of waiting for resources in WCDMA, the UE has CS RAB and at least one active PS RAB
• LTE Interworking allows to reselect when the UE UE is redirected to LTE layer and then CS RAB is released (UE would stay in
is in Idle, Cell_PCH and URA_PCH – now CELL_DCH state in WCDMA).
• This trigger is used only if UE has no CS RAB
layering to LTE is even quicker.

UTRAN Connected Mode


DCH
Cell_PCH URA_PCH

HS-
DSCH
Cell_DCH Cell_FACH

• The operator can decide which events triggers LTE Layering via setting appropriate value for SmartLTELayeringEnabled parameter:
• Enabled for state change (1),
• Enabled for state change and channel type switch (2),
• Enabled for state change and CS RAB release (3),
• Enabled for all triggers (4)
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Technical Details Table of Contents


Triggers for LTE Layering

Triggers - There are three main events that may trigger Smart LTE Layering:

State change (inactivity) Channel type switch CS call release

• State transition from Cell_DCH to Cell_FACH, • Channel type switch from HS-DSCH to DCH • CS RAB release trigger means case where an
Cell_PCH or URA_PCH due to inactivity. • Instead of waiting for resources in WCDMA, the UE has CS RAB and at least one active PS RAB
• LTE Interworking allows to reselect when the UE UE is redirected to LTE layer and then CS RAB is released (UE would stay in
is in Idle, Cell_PCH and URA_PCH – now CELL_DCH state in WCDMA).
• This trigger is used only if UE has no CS RAB
layering to LTE is even quicker.

UTRAN Connected Mode


DCH
Cell_PCH URA_PCH

HS-
DSCH
Cell_DCH Cell_FACH

• The operator can decide which events triggers LTE Layering via setting appropriate value for SmartLTELayeringEnabled parameter:
• Enabled for state change (1), • The state change is considered as the main functionality
• Enabled for state change and channel type switch (2), • Decreased testing resources
• Enabled for state change and CS RAB release (3), • The superior of this feature: RAN2980 Measurement-based LTE Layering
• Enabled for all triggers (4) introduces full range of combinations as a respond to customer needs
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Triggers for LTE Layering

Triggers - There are three main events that may trigger Smart LTE Layering:

State change (inactivity) Channel type switch CS call release

• State transition from Cell_DCH to Cell_FACH, • Channel type switch from HS-DSCH to DCH • CS RAB release trigger means case where an
Cell_PCH or URA_PCH due to inactivity. • Instead of waiting for resources in WCDMA, the UE has CS RAB and at least one active PS RAB
• LTE Interworking allows to reselect when the UE UE is redirected to LTE layer and then CS RAB is released (UE would stay in
is in Idle, Cell_PCH and URA_PCH – now CELL_DCH state in WCDMA).
• This trigger is used only if UE has no CS RAB
layering to LTE is even quicker.

UTRAN Connected Mode


DCH
Cell_PCH URA_PCH

HS-
DSCH
Cell_DCH Cell_FACH

• The operator can decide which events triggers LTE Layering via setting appropriate value for SmartLTELayeringEnabled parameter:
• Enabled for state change (1), • The state change is considered as the main functionality
• Enabled for state change and channel type switch (2), • Decreased testing resources
• Enabled for state change and CS RAB release (3), • The superior of this feature: RAN2980 Measurement-based LTE Layering
• Enabled for all triggers (4) introduces full range of combinations as a respond to customer needs
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Technical Details Table of Contents


Triggers for LTE Layering

Triggers - There are three main events that may trigger Smart LTE Layering:

State change (inactivity) Channel type switch CS call release

• State transition from Cell_DCH to Cell_FACH, • Channel type switch from HS-DSCH to DCH • CS RAB release trigger means case where an
Cell_PCH or URA_PCH due to inactivity. • Instead of waiting for resources in WCDMA, the UE has CS RAB and at least one active PS RAB
• LTE Interworking allows to reselect when the UE UE is redirected to LTE layer and then CS RAB is released (UE would stay in
is in Idle, Cell_PCH and URA_PCH – now CELL_DCH state in WCDMA).
• This trigger is used only if UE has no CS RAB
layering to LTE is even quicker.

UTRAN Connected Mode


DCH
Cell_PCH URA_PCH

HS-
DSCH
Cell_DCH Cell_FACH

• The operator can decide which events triggers LTE Layering via setting appropriate value for SmartLTELayeringEnabled parameter:
• Enabled for state change (1), • The state change is considered as the main functionality
• Enabled for state change and channel type switch (2), • Decreased testing resources
• Enabled for state change and CS RAB release (3), • The superior of this feature: RAN2980 Measurement-based LTE Layering
• Enabled for all triggers (4) introduces full range of combinations as a respond to customer needs
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Triggers for LTE Layering

Fine-tuners - There are additional parameters that tunes triggering Smart LTE Layering:

Services configuration CPICH RSCP threshold Prevention timer #NRT users

• LTE redirection must be enabled • The configured CPICH RSCP • There is a possibility to set a • The configured NRT user amount
for all services used by UE before threshold must be exceeded minimum time that the UE must be threshold must be exceeded
redirection to LTE can be done before LTE redirection can be in WCDMA system before before LTE redirection can be
• Service based enabling is done done – SmartLTELayeringRSCP redirection to LTE can be done done: SmartLTELayeringUE
with SmartLTELayeringServ • CPICH RSCP threshold can be SmartLTELayeringPrevT • Users utilizing Interactive or
parameter. used in collocated site scenarios – • Setting timer value to too low, may Background RABs are counted as
• Only services of PS domain can at least one LTE and one WCDMA cause ping pong redirections. NRT users.
be controlled with this parameter. layer. • Setting timer value to too high, • In case of multi RAB, user needs
• Background • This parameter should be carefully may cause that redirection to LTE to have at least one PS Interactive
tuned taking into account is not triggered as frequently as it or PS Background RAB in order to
• Interactive frequencies of WCDMA and LTE would be most effective. be counted as NRT user.
• PS Streaming layer.
• Conversational • Measured RSCP depends on

Number of NRT users


• UEs with services not supported in used frequency!
UE NodeB RNC
LTE should not be redirected to Layering allowed
LTE, because it is possible that SmartLTELayeringRSCP
RRC: CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE
those UEs comes back to
CPICH RSCP [dBm]
SmartLTELayeringUE
WCDMA right away. SmartLTELayeringPrevT is
• In case of multi RAB, UE can be started (range 1-120s)
Layering not allowed
moved to LTE just if redirection is
allowed for all RABs of the UE.
Time

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Ordering UE to LTE Layer

RRC Connection Release with E-UTRATarget Info


UE NodeB RNC
1. Ordering UE to LTE layer
• If all conditions of redirection have been fulfilled, the RRC entity shall command UE
RRC: CONNECTION RELEASE redirection to LTE by sending RRC: RRC CONNECTION RELEASE message
• Message should contain IE “E-UTRA Target Info”
• Redirection is possible if E-UTRA Target Info (which is send together with RRC
Connection release) contains at least one EARFCN (up to 8).
RRC CONNECTION RELEASE message contains
message IE “E-UTRA Target Info”. • UE will try to camp on any frequency listed on E-UTRA Target Info excluding "blacklisted
cells".
• If no suitable cell on the indicated frequencies is found within 10s, UE tries to camp on
any suitable cell of that RAT (LTE).
RRC: CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE
• If no suitable cell is still found, UE camps on any cell on any RAT using Cell Search
procedure.

E-UTRA Target info


UE in Cell_DCH state in
Information Element / UTRAN
Level Need Multi Type and reference
Group name
UE has been redirected to E-
UTRAN via RRC Connection
E-UTRA Target
> Mandatory 1 to 8 Release
Frequency Info List

Integer (0…65535) EARFCN


Downlink Carrier
>> Mandatory of the downlink carrier
frequency
frequency

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Configuration Management
Parameters and Configuration

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Parameters

• RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering introduces six new management WCEL


parameters from: WCDMA Cell Parameters

• WCEL Managed Object Class (containing WCDMA cell related


parameters) Smart LTE Layering Enabled

• RNMOBI Managed Object Class (containing Mobility


Smart LTE Layering RSCP threshold
Management parameters)
• Additionally, this functionality affects the already existing ADJL Smart LTE Layering NRT user amount threshold
Managed Object Class (cointaining LTE Adjacencies related
parameters)
Smart LTE Layering Target System Selection
• The system prevents removal of the last LTE neighbor if the
RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering feature is activated in the cell.

RNMOBI
Mobility Management Parameters
ADJL
LTE Adjacencies
Smart LTE Layering service control
E-UTRA Absolute Radio Frequency Channel
Number Timer for Smart LTE Layering Prevention

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New Parameters

Smart LTE Layering Enabled

Abbreviated name SmartLTELayeringEnabled


The parameter indicates whether or not the Smart LTE Layering
feature is enabled in the cell. It also defines what triggering points are
MOC WCEL
used.
Data type Enumeration
Channel type switch means here cases where HS-DSCH is tried to be
switched to DCH (E-DCH/HS-DSCH --> DCH/DCH or DCH/HS-DSCH
Parameter group HCConfiguration Description
--> DCH/DCH) with some other bit rate than 0 (pure release cases are
disabled (0), enabled for state change (1), excluded).
enabled for state change and channel type
Range and step
switch (2), enabled for state change and CS CS RAB release trigger means case where an UE has CS RAB and at
RAB release (3), enabled for all triggers (4) least one active PS RAB and then CS RAB is released (UE would stay
in CELL_DCH state in WCDMA).
Default value disabled (0)

State change (inactivity) Channel type switch CS call release

• State transition from Cell_DCH to Cell_FACH, • Channel type switch from HS-DSCH to DCH • CS RAB release trigger means case where an UE has
Cell_PCH, URA_PCH due to inactivity. • Instead of waiting for resources in WCDMA, the UE is CS RAB and at least one active PS RAB and then CS
• LTE Interworking allows to reselect when the UE is in redirected to LTE layer RAB is released (UE would stay in CELL_DCH state in
Idle, Cell_PCH and URA_PCH – now layering to LTE WCDMA).
• This trigger is used only if UE has no CS RAB
is even quicker.

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Configuration Management Table of Contents


New Parameters

Smart LTE Layering RSCP threshold

Abbreviated name SmartLTELayeringRSCP The parameter defines CPICH RSCP threshold that must be exceeded
before Smart LTE Layering can be done. The parameter can be used
MOC WCEL for example in cases where WCDMA and LTE cells are co-located and
LTE cell has smaller coverage.
Data type Number
Checking of CPICH RSCP can be deactivated by setting the value 0.
Parameter group HCConfiguration Description
Recommended default value for this threshold cannot be defined,
Range and step -115...-25 dBm, step 1 dBm because it depends on radio network planning.

If too small value is used, then redirection can be done to too weak
Default value 0 dBm (RSCP threshold not in use) LTE cell causing that UE comes back to WCDMA. If too big value is
used, then redirection is not done when it should be done (too late).

CPICH RSCP threshold Measured RSCP


depends on used
SmartLTELayeringRSCP
• The configured CPICH RSCP threshold must be exceeded frequency!
before LTE redirection can be done –
SmartLTELayeringRSCP CPICH RSCP [dBm]

• CPICH RSCP threshold can be used in collocated site


-72 dBm
scenarios – at least one LTE and one WCDMA layer.
-79 dBm
• This parameter should be carefully tuned taking into account
frequencies of WCDMA and LTE layer.

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Configuration Management Table of Contents


New Parameters

Smart LTE Layering NRT user amount threshold

Abbreviated name SmartLTELayeringUA The parameter defines a user amount threshold that must be exceeded before
Smart LTE Layering can be done. User amount is checked in cell level and just NRT
MOC WCEL users (Interactive and Background) are counted. An user is counted in those cells
where the user in question has DCH, HS-DSCH or E-DCH.
Data type Number
If the NRT user amount check allows the Smart LTE layering, then it is not
Parameter group HCConfiguration Description prevented again right after NRT user amount is smaller than the parameter value,
but there is a fixed hysteresis of 5 users. When the user amount fals below the
Range and step 5...255, step 1 „parameter value – 5”, the Smart LTE layering is not allowed. Checking of user
amount can be deactivated by setting the value 0.

Default value 0 (User amount threshold not in use) Real default value for this threshold cannot be defined, because it depends on radio
network planning.

#NRT users

Number of NRT users


• The configured NRT user amount threshold must be
Layering allowed
exceeded before LTE redirection can be done:
SmartLTELayeringUE
• Users utilizing Interactive or Background RABs are SmartLTELayeringUE

counted as NRT users.


• In case of multi RAB, user needs to have at least one Layering not allowed

PS Interactive or PS Background RAB in order to be


counted as NRT user. Time

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New Parameters

Smart LTE Layering Target System Selection

Abbreviated name SmartLTELayeringTSysSel

MOC WCEL

Data type Number


The parameter indicates if the redirection is allowed to FDD LTE, TDD
Description LTE or to both of them. If redirection is prevented to FDD or to TDD,
Parameter group HCConfiguration
then neighbor frequencies in question are not given to UE at all.
redirection allowed to all neighbors (0),
Range and step redirection allowed just to FDD neighbors (1),
redirection allowed just to TDD neighbors (2)

Default value redirection allowed to all neighbors (0)

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Configuration Management Table of Contents


New Parameters

Timer for Smart LTE Layering Prevention

Abbreviated name SmartLTELayeringPrevT The parameter defines a minimum time that the UE must be in
WCDMA system after RRC Connection Setup Complete has been
MOC RNMOBI received or when Relocation Request for PS service is received from
LTE. A UE can be redirected to LTE by RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering
Data type Number feature after the timer defined by this parameter expires. When this
Description timer is running the Smart LTE Layering is not triggered.
Parameter group HCConfiguration
Setting timer value too low may cause ping pong redirections between
Range and step 1...120, step 1 WCDMA and LTE. Setting timer value too high may cause that
redirection to LTE is not triggered as frequently as would be most
Default value 20 effective

Prevention timer

• There is a possibility to set a minimum


time that the UE must be in WCDMA UE NodeB RNC
system before redirection to LTE can be
done SmartLTELayeringPrevT
RRC: CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE
• Setting timer value to too low, may cause
ping pong redirections. SmartLTELayeringPrevT is
started (range 1-120s)
• Setting timer value to too high, may cause
that redirection to LTE is not triggered as
frequently as it would be most effective.

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Configuration Management Table of Contents


New Parameters

Smart LTE Layering service control

Abbreviated name SmartLTELayeringServ

MOC RNMOBI The parameter defines what services are allowed to be moved to LTE
by Smart LTE Layering feature. Only services of PS domain can be
Data type Bitmask controlled with this parameter.
Description
Parameter group HCConfiguration UEs with services not supported in LTE should not be redirected to
LTE, because it is possible that those UEs comes back to WCDMA
Bit 0: Background, Bit 1: Interactive, Bit 2: PS
Range and step right away.
Streaming, Bit 3: PS Conversational,

Default value 3 (0011)

PS Streaming (Real Time) Background (Best Effort) Examples:


Destination is not expecting the data Value = 3 (0011) – Background and Interactive services allowed to be moved
Preserve time relation (variation)
between information entities of the within a certain time. Value = 12 (1100) – PS Streaming and PS Conversational allowed to be moved
stream. E-mails Value = 15 (1111) – all services allowed to be moved
Example: Streaming Video

PS Conversational (Real Time) Interactive (Best Effort) 3 (0011) 0 – redirection not allowed
1 – redirection allowed
Preserve time relation (variation) Request response pattern.
between information entities of the Example: Web Browsing UEs with interactive and background
stream. Conversational pattern (strict
services are allowed to be moved to
and low delay)
LTE when default value is set.
Example: Voice
Bit 2 Bit 0
Bit 3
For internal use Bit 1
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Deployment Aspects
Licenses Keys, Activation

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Licenses Keys and activation

Smart LTE Layering can be activated with WCEL/SmartLTELAyeringEnabled parameter if:

• Both license keys RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering and RAN2067 LTE Interworking exist:

License Name: Smart LTE Layering License Name: Cell reselection to LTE
License Type: Long-term ON/OFF License Type: Long-term capacity
It is possible to set It is possible to set LTE
WCEL/SmartLTELAyeringEn Interworking related
Description: Description:
abled parameter when license parameters when license
exists and the state is ON. exists and the state is ON.

• Source WCDMA cell has at least one LTE neighbor defined (ADJL object defined for WCEL object)
• Each controlled network element and conceptual entity in the network is represented by a logical object. The
WCDMA Cell is represented by WCEL object. The logical objects are hierarchically related to each other. WCEL
object is a parent object for ADJL object. The ADJL object defines the inter-system to LTE adjacency for a
WCDMA cell. Up to 8 ADJL objects can be configured for each WCEL object.

This object contains inter-system to LTE adjacency related parameters.


For example AdjLEARFCN which defines the E-UTRA Absolute Radio
ADJL Frequency Channel Number of the neighboring E-UTRA frequency
(EARFCN of the downlink carrier frequency) – this information is used
by the UE while camping on LTE layer.

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Licenses Keys and activation

RAN2717 Smart LTE


Layering related
parameters are stored
under Handover Control
tab.

Using the Topology window choose


the cell for which RAN2717 Smart LTE
Layering needs to be configured.

Set <Desired_Value>
value in order to turn on
the feature in this
particular cell

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Test case

Forcing UE to switch to LTE WCDMA-LTE


• Please use this scenario only for testing purposes. The following parameter values allow to trigger coverage overlapped
layering in order to check whether the procedure itself works properly. RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering
actions done:
• as soon as possible – no CPICH RSCP threshold is used
• with the shortest prevention timer
• for all service classes
• regardless of the number of Non-real-time users in the cell

Enabled Triggers Service configuration

Name: SmartLTELayeringEnabled Name: SmartLTELayeringServ WCDMA coverage


MOC: WCEL MOC: RNMOBI
Value: 4 Value: 15 LTE coverage

Prevention timer CPICH RSCP threshold

Name: SmartLTELayeringPrevT Name: SmartLTELayeringRSCP


WCDMA-LTE coverage
MOC: RNMOBI MOC: WCEL
non- overlapped
Value: 1 second Value: 0

#NRT users

Name: SmartLTELayeringUA
MOC: WCEL
Value: 0

• Wrong neighbor relation configuration - WCDMA layer redirects the UE to LTE layer but UE cannot camp on
expedient LTE cells (because RRC Connection Release contains inappropriate target cell info). Thus UE will camp
on any LTE cell after 10 seconds of unsuccessful attempts to expedient LTE cells (according to 3GPP). End-user
experience suffers as reselection takes to much time (more than 10 seconds). This has even worst consequences if
WCDMA-LTE coverage is not overlapping. In this case the UE is not able to camp on any LTE cell and is coming
back to WCDMA after several seconds.
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Deployment Aspects Table of Contents


Test case

Parameter configuration - example WCDMA-LTE coverage


• This scenario assumes WCDMA-LTE co-siting. Additionally WCDMA-LTE coverage is not fully non- overlapped
overlapped. Thus WCDMA CPICH RSCP threshold is used to take layering decision.
• CPICH RSCP threshold is used to ensure the presence of LTE coverage
• 20 sec. prevention timer to avoid UE ping-pong behaviour (reselecting between 3G and 4G)
• only non-real-time services allowed to be redirected to LTE to ensure end-user satisfaction
• To avoid unnecessary redirections (WCDMA layer is able to serve user with good quality) a
non-real-time user amount threshold is used – value should be further tuned

Enabled Triggers Service configuration WCDMA coverage


Name: SmartLTELayeringEnabled Name: SmartLTELayeringServ
LTE coverage
MOC: WCEL MOC: RNMOBI
Value: 4 Value: 15

Prevention timer CPICH RSCP threshold

Name: SmartLTELayeringPrevT Name: SmartLTELayeringRSCP


MOC: RNMOBI MOC: WCEL
Value: 20 second Value: -79 dBm
Measured RSCP
#NRT users depends on used
SmartLTELayeringRSCP frequency!
Name: SmartLTELayeringUA CAUTION!
MOC: WCEL These are planning parameters that should
Value: 30 be tuned individually for each scenario CPICH RSCP [dBm]

• Wrong neighbor relation configuration - WCDMA layer redirects the UE to LTE layer but UE cannot camp on -72 dBm
expedient LTE cells (because RRC Connection Release contains inappropriate target cell info). Thus UE will camp
-79 dBm
on any LTE cell after 10 seconds of unsuccessful attempts to expedient LTE cells (according to 3GPP). End-user
experience suffers as reselection takes to much time (more than 10 seconds). This has even worst consequences if
WCDMA-LTE coverage is not overlapping. In this case the UE is not able to camp on any LTE cell and is coming
back to WCDMA after several seconds.
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Performance Aspects
Counters

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Counters

Counters – Verification and feature monitoring can be done via both newly introduced and legacy counters:

M1006C262 M1006C263 M1006C291 M1006C264

• The number of RRC Connection • The number of RRC Connection • The number of RRC Connection • The number of times when
Releases triggered by Smart Releases triggered by switch Releases with LTE redirection Smart LTE Layering is
LTE Layering feature because from HSPA to Rel99 DCH information because of CS prevented by timer
of inactivity or PS RAB release. transport channels. Voice Call release. SmartLTELayeringPrevT.

UTRAN Connected Mode I am afraid your prevention


timer has not expired yet
DCH
Cell_PCH URA_PCH
I want to
go to LTE
HS-
DSCH
Cell_DCH Cell_FACH

Use these counters to verify whether the RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering works properly or to check
what is the most common trigger to redirect LTE capable UEs from WCDMA towards LTE.

• Updated when the RNC sends • Updated when the RNC sends • Updated when the RNC sends • Updated when Smart LTE Layering
RRC Connection Release RRC Connection Release RRC Connection Release would trigger RRC Connection
message to the UE, triggered by message to the UE, triggered by message to the UE, triggered by Release, but it is prevented by timer
Cell_DCH to Cell_FACH, HS-DSCH to Rel99 DCH (DCH LTE redirection because of CS SmartLTELayeringPreventionT
Cell_PCH, URA_PCH transition or x/y) channel type switch. HS- voice call release .
Iu release. DSCH switches directly to Rel99
DCH without any bit rate (DCH
0/0) are not included in this
counter.
For internal use
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Performance Aspects Table of Contents


Counters

Counters – Verification and feature monitoring can be done via newly introduced counters:

M1006C264
• High value of this counter may indicate:
• Too high value of SmartLTELayeringPrevT
• The number of times when
timer preventing LTE capable UEs to be moved
UE NodeB RNC Smart LTE Layering is
to LTE. Redirection to LTE is not triggered as
prevented by timer
frequently as it would be most efficient. This
SmartLTELayeringPrevT.
may lead to problems during high traffic load of
RRC: CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE
WCDMA cell – quick offloading is limited. I am afraid your prevention

• If there are coverage or wrong neighbour issue, timer has not expired yet

SmartLTELayeringPrevT
then the amount of preventions increases as the I want to
go to LTE
UEs are in ping-pong between WCDMA and Connection Release Prevented

(range 1-120s)
LTE (releasing the connection, trying to redirect
the UE to LTE, but the UE cannot „hear” LTE During this time all Smart LTE
and comes back immediately). Layering redirections are prevented.
RRC Connection Release is possible
• Low value of this counter may indicate: only if SmartLTELayeringPrevT
• Too low value of SmartLTELayeringPrevT timer expires
timer. Prevention timer does not play its role
• Updated when Smart LTE Layering
properly. LTE redirection may be triggered
would trigger RRC Connection
directly after RRC: CONNECTION SETUP RRC: CONNECTION RELEASE
Release, but it is prevented by timer
message. This may lead to ping-pong behavior:
SmartLTELayeringPreventionT
• The UE which is redirected to LTE .
cannot be server in E-UTRAN (for
example due to coverage reasons) and
is coming back to WCDMA where it is Unfortunately there are no counters
redirected again to LTE. related to other fine tuners.
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References and Abbreviations

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References and Abbreviations Table of Contents


Smart LTE Layering NEI References

• CFAM RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering


• RNC EFS RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering
• ATMN for RAN2717 Smart LTE Layering
• 3GPP specification documents
• PDDB WCDMA RN7.0
• RISE WCDMA RAN Counters for RU40

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References and Abbreviations Table of Contents


Active Antenna System NEI Abbreviations

CS Circuit Switched NEI Network Engineering Info

CSFB Circuit Switched Fallback NSN Nokia Solutions and Networks

DCH Dedicated Channel PDN Packet Data Network

DL Downlink PS Packet Switched

E-UTRAN Evolved UTRAN RAB Radio Access Bearer

HO Handover RAN Radio Access Network

HSPA High-Speed Packet Access RANAP RAN Application Protocol

IP Internet Protocol RAT Radio Access Technology

ISHO Inter-system Handover RF Radio Frequency

LTE Long Term Evolution RNC Radio Network Controller

MBB Mobile Broadband RNL Radio Network Layer

NAS Non Access Stratum RRC Radio Resource Controll

NBAP Node B Application Protocol S1-AP S1 Application Protocol

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Active Antenna System NEI Abbreviations

SR Single Radio

SRVCC Single Radio Voice Call Continuity

UE 3G User Equipment

UTRAN Ultra Terrestial RAN

UL Uplink

VoIP Voice over IP

WCDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access

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