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Integrating

Career and
Personal
Counseling
The Career and Personal Domains

Viewed separately

Counselors training programs also considered


career and personal concerns as separate
domains
But there is interplay between the career and
personal domain that’s why Osipow came-out
with the idea of blending vocational
development with mental health when working
with adults in a workplace.
Work ADULT vs PROBLEMS
maladjustment
Emotional
Career
difficulties
transitions
Job loss Career Personal Illness
Anxiety
Work stress
Depression
Changing work
requirements
Holistic Counseling Approach
• A much more inclusive when addressing
clients concerns, expanding the role of career
counseling. From the early focus on career
choices and placement of young adults to
today’s greater emphasis on the concerns of
adult in multiple life roles.
The Call to Integrate Career and
Personal Counseling
• Is a need for effective counseling model that could
address all client concerns that interfere with career
choice and development.
• In 1990, the call for the counseling profession to
integrate career and personal counseling was heightened
due to the articles in professional journals that supported
the integration of career and personal counseling.
• Super, Krumboltz, Davidson and Gilbert, Haverkamp and
Moore, and also Betz and Corning expressed different
point of view regarding it but what they were pointing-
out is concerns regarding personal and career are
coordinated.
Biopsychsocial Model
Biological

Focused on the
Brain Function as
Biological well as function of
the central nervous
system
Psychological

Include all internal


perceptual,
cognitive,
Psychological emotional and
personality factors
that affect
development
Social/Cultural
Social/Cultural

Cultural beliefs, Values, and Worldviews


Conceptualizing Concerns in Four
Domains
• All life roles are adversely affected by personality factors that could lead to
psychological disorders
• For the career domain the concern of the client includes: career decision
making, inadequate basic skills, career identity, indecisiveness, poor
problem solving skills, word related stress, job loss, school to work
transitions , lack of occupational knowledge, poor self-concept and self-
knowledge
• On the affective domain it encompasses problems which is frequently
emotionally driven that affect the mood, self-concept, self awareness and
feelings of inferiority, impulsivity and helplessness among others.
• The cognitive-behavioral domain focuses on cognitions and cognitive
schemas that influence behavioral reactions
• The Culture domain focuses on level of acculturation and worldview,
cultural identity, cultural orientation, work related values, culturally
appropriate assessment techniques and resources, adjustment techniques
to new socioeconomic system.