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What is WEEE

• Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment

• For Electrical and Electronic Equipment
• Effective July 1, 2006
• Associated with RoHS Directive
• Requires Legal Responsibility For Recycling
WEEE Specifics

• Responsibilities Fall to Producers

• Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment
• Register With Member States
• Meet Information Requirements
• Provide Financial Guarantees
• Finance the Collection, Treatment, Recovery,
and disposal of WEEE
WEEE Exemptions

• EEE for Military Purposes

• Large Scale Stationary Machine Plant Tools
• Implanted and Infected Medical Equipment
• EEE That is Part of Another Type of Equipment
not Subject to WEEE Directive
• Effective July 1, 2006
What is RoHS

• EU Directive Issued Jan 2003

• Reduction of Hazardous Substances
• Electrical and Electronic Equipment
• Effective July 1, 2006
• Associated with WEEE Directive Specific
References to Product Categories
Restricted Substances

• Heavy Metals

– Cadmium
– Mercury
– Lead
– Hexavalent Chromium
EEE Definition
• Electrical and Electronic Equipment depended
on electric currents or electromagnetic fields
to operate
• Equipment for the generation, transfer, and
measurement of currents and fields
• Voltage Range not exceeding 1000 volts for AC
and 1500 volts DC
Identified EEE Categories
• Large and Small Household Appliances
• Telecom
• Tools
• Toys and Sporting Equipment
• Consumer Goods
• Automatic Dispensing Machines
• Lighting Equipment
EEE Categories-Large Appliances
• Washing Machines • Air Conditioners
• Refrigerators • Heaters
• Dish Washers • Hot Plates
• Dryers • Microwaves
• Stoves-Cooktops • Exhaust. Ventilation and
• Ranges Conditioning
• Cooking/Processing • Radiators
• Fans • Freezers
EEE Categories-Small Appliances
• Vacuum Cleaners • Scales
• Sweepers • Electric Knives
• Irons • Body Care Appliances
• Toasters • Coffee Machines
• Sewing/Knitting • Package Sealers
• Grinders • Clocks/Watches
• Hair Cutting/Shaving • Fryers
EEE Categories-ITE Telecom
• Laptops
• Central Data Processing • Peripherals
Computers • Equipment for Collection,
• Printers Storage, Processing,
• Typewriters Presentation or
Communication of
• Calculators ( Pocket) information by Electronic
• User Terminals/Systems Means
• Faxes • Products Used to Transmit
Sound, images, or other
• Answering Machines Information by
• Cell Phones Telecommunications
EEE Categories-Consumer Equipment
• Equipment for
• Televisions Recording, Reproducing
• Radios Sound or Images,
• Video Players/Recorders Including Signals or
Other Technology, for
• Video Cameras
the Distribution of
• Amplifiers Sound and Images other
• Musical Instruments than
EEE Categories-Lighting Equipment
• Lighting Equipment for
• Non-household Purpose of Spreading or
Luminaries for Florescent Controlling Lights with
Lamps the Exception of
• Florescent Lamps Filament bulbs
• Sodium Lamps
• Discharge Lamps
• Metal Halide Lamps
EEE Categories
Toys Leisure and Sport Equipment
• Electric Trains-Racing Car Sets
• Video Games, Consoles, Hand Held
• Computers for Biking Diving Running
• Sports Equipment with Electric/Electronic
• Coin Operated Gaming Slot Machines
EEE Categories-Medical Equipment
• Radiotherapy
• Cardiology
• Dialysis
• Pulmonary Ventilators
• Nuclear Medicine
• Lab Equipment-In Vitro
• Analyzers
• Freezers
• Fertilization Tests
EEE Categories-Medical Equipment
Devices Used For
• Detection
• Prevention
• Monitoring
• Treatment
• Alleviating Illness
• Alleviating Injury
• Alleviating Disability
EEE Categories
Monitoring and Control Instruments

• Smoke Detectors
• Heating Regulators
• Thermostats
• Industrial Monitoring or Control
• Measuring, Weighing, or Adjusting Appliances
– Household or as Laboratory Equipment
EEE Categories
Automatic Dispensers

• Automatic Hot Drink Dispensers

• Automatic Hot/Cold Bottles or Cans Dispensers
• Automatic Dispensers for Solid Products
• Automatic Dispensers for Money
• Any Appliance That Automatically
Delivers Any Kinds of Products
What is EPEAT ?
Electronic Product Environmental Assessment
Guidance for Purchasers
An environmental procurement tool designed to help IT
purchasers address environmental concerns in their
purchasing process for electronic products. Today the
system covers laptops, desktops, and monitors and is in
the process of expanding to include Imaging Equipment
(printers/scanners/etc.) and TVs.
What is EPEAT ?
Guidance for Manufacturers

EPEAT provides clear and consistent performance criteria for the

design of products and related services and provides an
opportunity for manufacturers to secure market recognition for
efforts to reduce the environmental impacts of their products.

A Product Rating System

• EPEAT is not a company performance

assessment. A single manufacturer may have
EPEAT Gold, Silver, Bronze and unrated
• Applies only to complete computers – not
components, not data centers
• Purchasers’ focus – products that improve
their own organization’s environmental
Why Start with
PCs ?
Printers (6%)
LAN & Office
Telecoms (7%)

Mobile Telecoms

PCs and Monitors

(39%) (excluding
Fixed-Line embodied energy)

Servers, including cooling (23%)

Approximately 2% of global CO2 emissions.

Thanks to Gartner Intl for this information and analysis
What is EPEAT ? ©

An easy-to-use purchasing tool to

help organizations compare computer
desktops, laptops and monitors based
on their environmental attributes.

Northeast Recycling Council,

Inc. © November 2006
What is EPEAT ? ©

1) Set of voluntary environmental

performance criteria (IEEE 1680 American
National Standard for the Environmental
Assessment of Personal Computer Products)

2) System for identifying and verifying

products meeting the criteria

Northeast Recycling Council,

Inc. © November 2006
What is EPEAT ? ©

Environmental Performance Categories:

• Environmentally Sensitive Materials
• Materials Selection
• Design for End of Life
• Product Longevity/Life Cycle Extension
• Energy Conservation
• End of Life Management
• Corporate Performance
• Packaging

Northeast Recycling Council,

Inc. © November 2006
What is EPEAT ? ©
Environmentally Sensitive Materials:

•Comply with European RoHS Directive, which restricts cadmium, mercury, lead,
and hexavalent chromium.
•Report amount of mercury used in light sources.
•Eliminate flame retardants and plasticizers.

•Eliminate all intentionally added cadmium.
•Include additional limits on mercury content for light sources.
•Eliminate intentionally added mercury for light sources.
•Eliminate intentionally added lead.
•Eliminate additional flame retardants.
•Provide batteries free of lead, cadmium, and mercury.
•Eliminate PVC in large plastic parts.

Northeast Recycling Council,

Inc. © November 2006
What is EPEAT ? ©
Materials Selection:

•Declare postconsumer recycled plastic content
•Declare renewable/biobased plastic materials content
•Declare product weight

•Meet a specified minimum postconsumer recycled plastic content.
•Meet an even higher minimum postconsumer recycled plastic content
•Meet a minimum renewable/biobased plastic material content

Northeast Recycling Council,

Inc. © November 2006
What is EPEAT ? ©
Design for End of Life:

•Identify all materials with special handling needs.
•Eliminate paints and coatings that are incompatible with recycling or reuse.
•Design external case to be easily disassembled.
•Identify all plastic components.
•Make it easy to identify and remove components with hazardous materials.

•Reduce number of plastic types used.
•Eliminate molded/glued metal.
•Ensure at least 65% of product is recyclable or reusable.
•Ensure at least 90% of product is recyclable or reusable.
•Design products to make it easy to separate plastic types.

Northeast Recycling Council,

Inc. © November 2006
What is EPEAT ? ©
End of Life Management:

•Product take back policy.
•Auditing of recycling service
•Provision of a rechargeable battery take-back service

•The marketing and sale to institutions of all covered products shall include the
option to purchase, at a competitive price, a rechargeable, lithium-ion battery
take-back service that is equivalent to or better than that provided by the
Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (RBRC).
•Plug-In to eCycling Guidelines

Northeast Recycling Council,

Inc. © November 2006
What is EPEAT ? ©

Energy Conservation
 ENERGY STAR qualified

 Early adoption of new ENERGY STAR specifications (version
4.0 effective June 2007)
 Renewable energy accessory

Northeast Recycling Council,

Inc. © November 2006
What is EPEAT ? ©
•Reduction/elimination of intentionally added toxics in packaging
•The packaging of products shall have all non-reusable packaging separable into
like materials without using tools. Provision of a rechargeable battery take-back

•The packaging of products shall have the plastics identified by material type, and
90 percent of the packaging shall be materials that are readily recyclable (with
available recycling options), or can be composted, or can be disposed of in a
municipal sewage program.
•Manufacturer shall provide at a competitive price a reusable packaging process
that reuses the packaging for a minimum of five reuses for the same or similar

Northeast Recycling Council,

Inc. © November 2006
What is EPEAT ? ©


1.EPEAT Bronze– Meets the 23

required criteria

2.EPEAT Silver– Meets 23

required criteria and at least
50% of the optional criteria

3.EPEAT Gold– Meets 23 required

criteria and at least 75% of the
optional criteria
Northeast Recycling Council,
Inc. © November 2006
What is EPEAT ? ©

Verification Process:
•Like the Energy Star program, products are
verified after they are registered.
•Products are routinely tested
-Test a single attribute or set of attributes across
all products
-Test all attributes within a single product or a
subset of all products

Northeast Recycling Council,

Inc. © November 2006