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LTE eRAN7.

0 RACH
Optimization

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Copyright © 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Objectives
 Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
 Configure advanced RACH parameters

 Understand RACH Optimization feature

 Configure RACH Optimization feature

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Contents
1. Overview
a) Prerequisites for RACH Optimization
b) Zero Correlation Zone Config
c) Contention-Based vs. Contention-Free Random Access
2. RACH Resource Adjustment
a) Dedicated Preamble Group Adjustment
b) Multiplexing of Dedicated Preambles
c) PRACH Configuration Index Adjustment
d) Adaptive Backoff
3. MML screenshots
4. Impact of RACH Optimization

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RACH Optimization Overview
 Decrease call setup/HO/initial packet delay

 Increase preamble detection probability

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Random Access
 Random access in LTE implements uplink synchronization
setup and restoration between a UE and an eNodeB.
Random access is classified into contention-based and non-
contention-based random access:
 In contention-based random access, the access may fail
because a random access channel (RACH) may not be
allocated to the UE.

 In non-contention-based random access, the eNodeB allocates


a dedicated RACH to the UE to ensure successful access. If
dedicated RACHs are insufficient, the eNodeB has to instruct
the UE to initiate contention-based random access.

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Prerequisites for RACH Optimization
 Correct Planning of Root sequence index with the highest
possible reuse distance.
 Correct planning of Cell radius parameter which directly
determines zeroCorrelationZoneConfig parameter (0~15)
 Correct High Speed Flag setting
 Correct configuration of Preamble format [0, 1, 2, 3,
4(TDD)]
SIB2:

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Zero Correlation Zone Config
zeroCorrelatio Ncs value
nZoneConfig
Unrestricted set Restricted set
0 0 15
1 13 18
2 15 22
3 18 26
4 22 32
5 26 38
6 32 46
7 38 55
8 46 68
9 59 82
10 76 100
11 93 128
12 119 158
13 167 202
14 276 237
15 419 -

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Contention-based vs. Contention-Free
Random Access (RA)
 64 preambles in each cell are classified into 3 groups:
 random access preambles group A
 random access preambles group B
 dedicated preamble group
 For contention-based RA, if the path loss of a UE is less
than a particular protocol-defined threshold and the msg3
length is greater than the value of MessageSizeGroupA,
the UE selects RA preambles from group B. Otherwise, the
UE selects RA preambles from group A
 For non-contention-based (Contention-Free) RA, UEs
use dedicated preambles (i.e. during handover procedure
while connecting on target cell)

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Contention-based Random Access
Procedure

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None-Contention-based Random
Access Procedure

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Contention-based vs. Contention-Free
Random Access (Cont.)
Huawei default configuration of preamble groups:

#0
Random
Access SIB2:
Preamble
Group A #27 (sizeOfRA-PreamblesGroupA -1)
#28 (sizeOfRA-PreamblesGroupA )
Random
Access
Preamble
#51 (numberOfRA-Preambles -1)
Group B
#52 (numberOfRA-Preambles )
Dedicated
Preamble
Group #63

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RACH Optimization Algorithm
 RACH Optimization algorithm evaluates following
parameters:
 allocation of dedicated preambles,

 detection of random access preambles, and

 load on the physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH)

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Dedicated Preamble Group Adjustment
 RACH Optimization Algorithm will:
 Decrease the number of dedicated preambles if there are
sufficient idle dedicated preambles and the eNodeB receives a
large number of random access preambles.

 Increase the number of dedicated preambles if idle dedicated


preambles are insufficient.

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Multiplexing of Dedicated Preambles
 Indicates the switch used to control reuse of dedicated
preambles between UEs. If the switch is turned on, the
eNodeB enables reuse of dedicated preambles among
UEs based on the MaskIndex parameter.

 If the switch is turned off, the eNodeB allocates a


dedicated preamble to only one UE at a time.

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Multiplexing of Dedicated Preambles
(Cont.)
PRACH Mask Index Allowed PRACH (FDD)
0 All
1 PRACH Resource Index 0
2 PRACH Resource Index 1
3 PRACH Resource Index 2
4 PRACH Resource Index 3
5 PRACH Resource Index 4
6 PRACH Resource Index 5
7 PRACH Resource Index 6
8 PRACH Resource Index 7
9 PRACH Resource Index 8
10 PRACH Resource Index 9
11 Every, in the time domain, even PRACH opportunity 1st PRACH Resource Index in
subframe
12 Every, in the time domain, odd PRACH opportunity 1st PRACH Resource Index in
subframe
13 Reserved
14 Reserved
15 Reserved

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PRACH Configuration Index
Adjustment
 RACH Optimization Algorithm will:
 Decrease the number of PRACH opportunities within each
radio frame if the eNodeB receives a small number of
random access preambles and the PUSCH load is high.

 Increase the number of PRACH opportunities within each


radio frame if the eNodeB receives a large number of random
access preambles and the PUSCH load is not high.

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Adaptive Backoff
 Adaptive backoff enables the eNodeB to measure the
average number of random access preambles. The policies
are as follows:
 If the number is large, the eNodeB increases the backoff time.

 If the number is small, the eNodeB decreases the backoff time.

 If the number changes slightly, the eNodeB does not change


the backoff time.

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Adaptive Backoff (Cont.)
Index Backoff Parameter value (ms)
0 0
1 10
2 20
3 30
4 40
5 60
6 80
7 120
8 160
9 240
10 320
11 480
12 960
13 Reserved
14 Reserved
15 Reserved

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RACH Optimization Algorithm Switch
MML
 MOD CELLALGOSWITCH

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RACH Configuration MML
 MOD RACHCFG

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Impact of RACH Optimization
 Benefits:
 low miss detection rate and error detection rate of preambles.
 support for higher RACH load :
RACH Optimization OFF ON
support of non-contention based RA attempts
100 20 ~ 350
per second
support of contention based RA attempts per 20Mhz: 100 20Mhz: 32~120
second 10Mhz: 50 10Mhz: 32~60
20Mhz: 1.2% 20Mhz: 0.6~1.2%
UL overhead for PRACH
10Mhz: 1.2% 10Mhz: 1.2%

 Risks:
 UE may fail in random access procedure if SIB2 is being
updated in the same time.

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Summary
 Configure advanced RACH parameters

 Understand RACH Optimization feature

 Configure RACH Optimization feature

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Thank you
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