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LTE eRAN7.

0 ANR
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Objectives
 Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
 Describe the basic conceptions of ANR

 Describe the principle of intra-RAT ANR

 Describe the principle of inter-RAT ANR

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Contents
1. ANR Overview

2. Intra-RAT ANR Management

3. Inter-RAT ANR Management

4. NCL/NRT Self-Management Based on X2 Messages

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What is ANR?
Optimized by ANR Missing Neighboring
Cells

Abnormal Neighboring Cell


Coverage

 ANR ( Automatic Neighbor Relation)


 ANR is a self-optimization function that belongs to SON
 It automatically maintains the integrity and effectiveness of
neighbor cell lists to increase handover success rates and
improve network performance
 ANR automatically detects missing neighboring cells, PCI
collisions, abnormal neighboring cell coverage and analyzes
neighbor relations.
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ANR Classification

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Related switch

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Event ANR Vs Fast ANR
 The general procedure are the similar , only UE
measurement trigger condition is different
 Event ANR: Use exact the same measurement report as
handover event, cause additional handover delay.

 Fast ANR: Triggered by eNodeB, each UE might be involved,


impact UE throughput performance.

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Basic Conceptions - NCL
 NCL(Neighbor Cell List) contains the information about the
neighboring cells of a serving cell. NCLs are classified into
intra-RAT NCLs, inter-RAT NCLs. Each cell has an intra-
RAT NCL and inter-RAT NCLs.

 NCL includes the E-UTRAN Cell Global Identifiers(or CGIs


for inter-RAT), PCIs, TAC, eNodeB ID and E-UTRA
Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Numbers (EARFCNs)
of the neighboring cells.

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Basic Conceptions - NRT

SN LCI TCI No Remove No HO


1 LCI#1 TCI#1 True True
2 LCI#1 TCI#2 False False
3 LCI#1 TCI#3 True True

 NRT(Neighbor Relations Table) contains the information


about the neighbor relations between the source cell and its
neighboring cells. NRTs are classified into intra-RAT NRTs
and inter-RAT NRTs. Each cell has an intra-RAT NRT, inter-
RAT NRTs.
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Black List and White List

HO Black list HO White list

No remove = No remove =
True True
No HO= True No HO= False

 No remove: cannot be removed automatically from the NRT by


ANR

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ANR Optimization Mode
 Free mode
 Neighboring relations are optimized automatically by ANR
without manual intervention

 Controlled mode
 Neighboring relations to be added or removed are reported to
the U2000 and then subject to manual processing for
optimization.

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Contents
1. ANR Overview

2. Intra-RAT ANR Management

3. Inter-RAT ANR Management

4. NCL/NRT Self-Management Based on X2 Messages

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Contents
2. Intra-RAT ANR Management
2.1 Event- Triggered ANR

2.2 Fast ANR

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Event-Triggered ANR Overview

Detecting Neighbor Detecting


NRT
relations Abnormal
missing Neighbor
neighbor maintenance
Coverage

Result output
 Main function of event-triggered ANR
 Missing neighbor detection

 Neighbor relations maintenance

 Abnormal neighbor coverage detection

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MML to Switch on the Intra-RAT ANR

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Missing Neighbor Detection – By UE
HO Measurement

Cell PCI ECGI


Cell A 3 17
Cell B 5 19

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Missing Neighbor Detection – By UE
History Information
Source Cell Target Cell U2000
(Cell A) (Cell B)

1.Handover request

2.Handover response

3.Report cell A ECGI

4.Send info to cell B


Information
query

In this case, Cell B exist in the NRT of Cell A, but there is no Cell A
info in NRT of Cell B

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UE History Info Tracing

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Neighbor Relations Maintenance
—NRT Maintenance

Period calculation

Result analysis
Is removed from
NRT

Adjust the list of NRT

Remaining in NRT

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Neighbor Relations Maintenance
—NCL Maintenance

Period calculation

Result analysis
Removed from the
NCL
Adjust the list of NCL

Remaining in NCL

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Event ANR Parameters

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Abnormal Neighbor Cell
Deteced by ANR

Cell1 Cell2

Actual coverage Expected coverage

 The coverage of neighboring cells may be abnormal in any of the


following scenarios:
 The antenna tilt or orientation changes because of improper
installation or a natural phenomenon such as strong wind
 In mountains, the signals of the umbrella cell cover lower cells

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Abnormal Neighbor Coverage Trigger
New cell detected by ANR

Cell B
Cell A
Scenario 1: Triggered by new cell add in
NRT

Abnormal neighbor query

Cell A U2000 operator

Scenario 2: Triggered by operator query

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Abnormal Neighbor Coverage
Operation on U2000

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Process of Abnormal Cell Detection

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Contents
2. Intra-RAT ANR Management
2.1 Event- Triggered ANR

2.2 Fast ANR

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Fast ANR

Period measurement report

 In order to reduces the impact of event-triggered UE


measurements on handover performance, system supports
period measurement.

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Fast ANR Flow
 Following is the flow of fast ANR
 See note page

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Fast ANR Restriction
When current UE number involved in fast
ANR achieve the threshold, eNodeB stop
selecting new UE for fast ANR

When the specific UE measurement report


achieve the threshold, the UE stop fast
ANR report

When the total Ue number involved in fast


ANR achieve the threshold in the certain
period, the eNodeB stop fast ANR function
 Periodic UE measurements have a negative impact on the
uplink throughput of the network. Therefore, intra-RAT fast
ANR restricts the number of concurrent UEs involved in
periodic measurements by several mechanisms.

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Automatic Optimization of Neighbor
Relationship Attributes

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Automatic Optimization of No HO
Attribute of Intra-RAT Neighbor
Relationships

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Related Parameters

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Contents
1. ANR Overview

2. Intra-RAT ANR Management

3. Inter-RAT ANR Management

4. NCL/NRT Self-Management Based on X2 Messages

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Event-Triggered ANR
 Inter-RAT event-triggered ANR support GERAN and
UTRAN system, controlled by the GeranEventAnrSwitch
and UtranEventAnrSwitch check boxes under the
AnrSwitch parameter

 CDMA doesn’t support event-triggered ANR

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Flow of Event-Triggered ANR
Cell A Cell B
Type = E-UTRAN Type = UTRAN
PCI=3 PSC=3
ECGI=17 CGI=19

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Fast ANR
 Inter-RAT fast ANR has similar processing as intra-RAT
fast ANR.

 It is controlled by the GeranFastAnrSwitch,


UtranFastAnrSwitch, and CdmaFastAnrSwitch check
boxes under the AnrSwitch parameter.

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Fast ANR Configuration

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Automatic Optimization of Blind
Handover Priorities
 eNodeB can automatically identify the overlapping
neighboring UTRAN or GERAN cells and change the blind
handover priorities of the neighbor relationships with these
cells from 0 to 1.

 When the network topology is changed, the existed blind


handover priorities may be inappropriate, thereby causing
network performance deterioration.

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Configuration

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Configuration (Con.)

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Contents
1. ANR Overview

2. Intra-RAT ANR Management

3. Inter-RAT ANR Management

4. NCL/NRT Self-Management Based on X2 Messages

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NCL/NRT Record Addition Based on
X2 Setup

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NCL/NRT Record Addition/Update
based on eNodeB Configuration
Update

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NCL/NRT Record Removal

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Summary
 Conceptions of ANR

 Functions of ANR

 Event ANR processing

 Fast ANR processing

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Thank you
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