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Hoisting and Rigging – Basic Safety Training

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Construction Safety Association of Ontario
Hoisting
• Full attendance and Rigging – Basic
is mandatory.
Safety Training
• Exam - passing grade: Hoisting & Rigging – Basic Safety Training

Your name here


- 100% for hand signals CSAO Training Dept July 17/06

- 100% for knots

- 80% for written performance review

Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training


Mrb/CUPE 3585
(c) 2006 CSAO 1
Hoisting and Rigging – Basic Safety Training

Program Objective:

Identify common
hoisting and rigging
Hazards;

provide awareness of
fundamental safe
rigging procedures
and practices.

Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training


Mrb/CUPE 3585
(c) 2006 CSAO 2
Hoisting and Rigging – Basic Safety Training

Modules:

1. Hoisting and Rigging


Hazards

2. Hazard Awareness in Crane


Operating Areas

3. Fibre Rope, Knots & Hitches

4. Hardware, Wire Rope &


Slings

5. Rigging Tools and Devices

Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training


Mrb/CUPE 3585
(c) 2006 CSAO 3
Module: 1
Hoisting and Rigging
Hazards

Objectives:
1. List hoisting and rigging
hazards.

2. Identify related H & S


legislation.

3. Explain responsibilities of
rigging personnel.

4. Calculate load weights.


Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training
Mrb/CUPE 3585
(c) 2006 CSAO 4
List Hoisting and Rigging Hazards and Causes of Accidents

 Load weight unknown


 Exceeding capacity of equipment
 Defective equipment
 Weather – high winds, cold
 Visibility
 Powerlines - #1 cause of fatalities!

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 5
(Continued)

 Improperly rigged load


 Uncontrolled motion
 Overloading landing area
 Load not blocked when landed
 Pinch points
 Poor planning
 Lack of training and instruction

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 6
Occupational Health and Safety Act

Regulation for
Construction Projects
- O. Reg. 213/91

Critical injury defined


- O. Reg. 834

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 7
 In force, October 1, 1979

 Workplace Partnership
- Workers/employers share
responsibilities
- Internal responsibility system
- Workplace parties identify H & S
problems
- H & S Policy and Program
- Corporate responsibilities for H & S
- H & S representatives/joint committees
Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 8
Occupational Health and Safety Act
Right to Refuse – Right to Participate – Right to Know

 1. Right to Participate
Identify and resolve workplace H & S concerns through:
 Joint H & S Committees, or
 H & S representatives

 2. Right to Know
Be trained and obtain information on:
 Machinery
 Equipment
 Working conditions
 Processes
 Hazardous substances

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 9
Occupational Health and Safety Act
Right to Refuse – Right to Participate – Right to Know

 3. Right to Refuse Work


 Work believed dangerous to one’s own H & S or that of another worker
OH & S Act describes exact process.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 10
Occupational Health and Safety Act

OHSA sec. 23. Constructor shall ensure,

(1) (a) the measures and procedures prescribed by this Act


and the regulations are carried out on the project;

(b) every employer and every worker performing work


on the project complies with this Act and the
regulations; and

(c) the health and safety of workers on the project is


protected.
Note: has additional duties/responsibilities under the Construction
Regulations ie; multi-tiered lifting; working near live overhead
powerlines.
Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 11
Occupational Health and Safety Act

OHSA sec. 25. Employer shall ensure,


When appointing supervision – must appoint a ‘competent person’.

…equipment, materials, protective devices as prescribed


are provided…

…maintained in good condition, used as prescribed.

….provide information, instruction, supervision

…appoint competent supervision

…take every precaution reasonable to protect H & S of workers

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 12
Occupational Health and Safety Act

OHSA – Definition: ‘competent person’ (supervisor)

1. (1) In this Act,


“competent person” means a person who,

(a) is qualified because of knowledge, training and


experience to organize the work and its performance,

(b) is familiar with this Act and the regulations that apply to
the work, and

(c) has knowledge of any potential or actual danger to


health or safety in the workplace;
Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 13
Occupational Health and Safety Act

OHSA sec 27 …supervisor shall ensure,

Supervisor must be a ‘competent person’ as defined in the OHSA.


… a worker works in a manner and with the protective devices
prescribed in the Act and Regs.;

…uses or wears equipment, protective devices;

…shall advise a worker of any actual or potential danger;

…take every precaution reasonable to protect the H & S


of workers.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 14
Occupational Health and Safety Act

OHSA sec 28. …worker shall,

…work in compliance with the provisions of the ACT & Regs;

…use, wear, equipment, protective clothing as required,

…report defective equipment,

…not endanger self or any other worker,

…report any contravention of ACT or Regs to supervisor.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 15
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 Ministry of Labour Inspectors

Have broad powers to:


 Inspect workplace

 Investigate hazardous situations

 Investigate work refusal

 Order compliance with ACT and Regulations

 Initiate prosecutions

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 16
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 Offences and Penalties:


 Person: Failure to comply with provisions of the
OHSA or Regulations; or an Inspectors order…….
Up to $25,000 fine or 12 months in prison, or both.

 Corporation: Up to $500,000 fine.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 17
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 OH & S Act gives government powers to make regulations.


 Regulations set out details of duties.

 Examples: REGULATIONS for:

 Industrial establishments
 Mines
 Construction projects
 Designated substances

Workplace parties are obligated


to know and comply with ALL regulations that apply.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 18
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 O. Reg. 213/91

 Section 103 (2)


“No worker shall operate a crane or similar hoisting
device in such a way that part of its load passes over
another worker unless the other worker is receiving the
load or is engaged in sinking a shaft.”

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 19
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 O. Reg. 213/91

 Section 104 (3)


Operators of vehicles, machines and equipment shall be
assisted by signallers if either of the following applies:
1. The operator’s view of the intended path of travel
is obstructed.
2. A person could be endangered by the vehicle,
machine or equipment or by its load.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 20
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 O. Reg. 213/91
 Section 106 (1)
“A signaller shall be a competent worker and shall not
perform other work while acting as a signaler.

(1.5) The employer shall, ensure that the signaller has


received adequate oral training in his or her duties and has
received adequate oral and written instructions in a
language that he or she understands;…

….(Section 106 describes additional requirements


ie; fluorescent blaze orange vest)

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 21
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 O. Reg. 213/91
Signaller must be a ‘competent worker’ as defined in the O. Reg. 213

• “competent worker”, in relation to specific work, means a


worker who,

(a)is qualified because of knowledge, training and


experience to perform the work,

(b) is familiar with the Occupational Health and Safety Act


and with the provisions of the regulations that apply to
the work, and

(c) has knowledge of all potential or actual danger to health


or safety in the work;
Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 22
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 O. Reg. 213/91

 Section 151
(1) “No crane or similar hoisting device shall be subjected
to a load greater than its load-carrying capacity.”

(2) “The manufacturer of a crane or similar hoisting device


or a professional engineer shall determine its load-
carrying capacity….”

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 23
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 O. Reg. 213/91

 Section 152
(1) “The owner of a crane or similar hoisting device shall
keep a permanent record of all inspections of, repairs
to, tests of, modifications to and maintenance of the
crane or similar hoisting device.”

(2) “The owner of a crane or similar hoisting device shall


prepare a log book for it for use at a project that shall
include the record referred to in subsection (1).”

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 24
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 O. Reg. 213/91

 Section 161 (1) A competent worker shall perform


operational tests on a tower crane to ensure that its
automatic limit switches and overload limit devices are
installed and functioning in accordance with the
manufacturer’s specifications, if any.
(2) Operational tests shall be done,
(a) after the tower crane is erected on the project and
before it is used; and
(b) at one-week intervals after the test under clause (a)
while the crane is erected on the project.
(3) Overload limit devices for a tower crane shall be tested
using test blocks designed for the purpose that have their
weight clearly marked on them.
(4) The test blocks shall be kept on the project while the crane
is erected.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 25
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 O. Reg. 213/91
 Section 172
 (1) – Container, sling or similar device for rigging or
hoisting an object including its fittings and
attachments.
 (d) must be capable of supporting at least 5 times
the maximum load to which it may be subjected.
This means…

Design (safety) Factor (DF)= 5 to 1


 E.g.: A hook rated at 2 tons working load limit
(WLL)
Breaking strength = 2 tons x DF (5)
= 10 tons

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 26
Occupational Health and Safety Act

 O. Reg. 213/91

 Section 179 (1)


“If a worker may be endangered by the rotation
or uncontrolled motion of a load being hoisted,
…one or more guide ropes or tag lines shall be
used to prevent the rotation or uncontrolled
motion of the load.”

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 27
The single most important precaution before attempting a lift is to:

DETERMINE THE WEIGHT OF THE LOAD!


 Calculate from material weight

 Drawings

 Shipping documents

 Equipment Catalogues

 Painted, cast or welded on load

 Weigh it – weigh scales


- weighing device on crane

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 28
 Example #1 A - Reinforced concrete

Weight
2 ft. = L x W x H x Unit weight

6 ft.
= 6’ x 4 ½’ x 2’ x 150 lb.
4 ½ ft.
= 8,100 lb.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 29
 Example #1 B - Spruce Lumber

Volume = L x W x H

Weight
= L x W x H x Unit weight

= 12’ x 4’ x 3’ x 28 lb.

= 4,032 lb.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 30
 Example #1 C – Steel Plate

Weight = L x W x H x Unit weight

= 6’ x 3’ x 1” x 40 lb. = 720 LB.

1” thick

3 ft.

6 ft.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 31
 Example #2 A – Solid Steel Cylinder

5 ft. dia. Volume = π r2 x L


= 3.14 x r x r x Length
6 ft.
Weight
= 3.14 x r x r x L x unit weight

= 3.14 x 2.5’ x 2.5’ x 6’ x 490 lb.

= 57,697.5 lb.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 32
 Example #2 B – Solid Concrete Cylinder

Volume = π r2 x L
3 ft.dia. = 3.14 x r x r x Length

Weight
7 ft. = 3.14 x r x r x L x unit weight

= 3.14 x 1.5’ x 1.5’ x 7’ x 150 lb.

= 7,418 lb.

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 33
Note: Calculation of concrete pipe using outside diameter only results in
overestimated weight.
 Example #3 A – Concrete Pipe
Wall thickness
Volume Outer cyl. x Unit weight conc.
= 6 in.
= πr ² x Length x Unit weight conc.
= 3.14 x 3 x 3 x 10 x 150
= 42390 lbs.

Volume Inner cyl. X Unit weight conc.


10 ft. = πr ² x Length x Unit weight conc.
= 3.14 x 2.5x 2.5 x 10 x 150
= 29437.5 lbs.

Weight of Conc. required


= Outer Cylinder – Inner Cylinder
6 ft. = 42390 – 29437.5
= 12952.5 lbs.
Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 34
 Example #3 B – Steel Pipe
Circumference
=πd
Wall thickness
= 3.14 x .5 ft. = 1.57 ft.
3/8”

Area
21 ft. = Circumference x Length
6” dia. = 1.57 x 21
= 32.97 sq. ft.

Weight
= area x wall thickness x unit weight
= 32.97 x 3/8” x 40 lb/sq.ft/1”thick
= 494.55 lb

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 35
Hoisting and Rigging – Basic Safety Training

Mrb/CUPE 3585
Hoisting and Rigging - Basic Safety Training (c) 2006
CSAO 36