Sie sind auf Seite 1von 32

Knuckle Joint

Introduction

• Used to connect two rods subjected to tensile


load. If guided can support compressive load
• Joint permits angular misalignment of the rods
• Joins tie rods, tension links in bridge structure
Parts of a knuckle joint
Empirical relations
Failure of knuckle joint
• Failure of rod in tension
• Failure of knuckle pin in double shear
• Failure of knuckle pin in bending (if the pin is loose in the
fork)
• Failure of rod eye in shear
• Failure of rod eye in crushing
• Failure of rod eye in tension
• Failure of forked end in shear
• Failure of forked end in tension
• Failure of forked end in crushing
• Failure of knuckle pin in crushing at fork and eye
Tensile load on each component
Failure of rod in tension
Failure of knuckle pin in double shear
Failure of knuckle pin in bending
Failure of rod eye in shear
• Failure of rod eye in crushing

• Failure of rod eye in tension


Failure of forked end in tension
• Failure of forked end in shear

• Failure of forked end in crushing


Cotter Joints
Introduction

• Joints connect rigidly two rods which transmit


motion in the axial direction, without rotation
• Joints take tensile or compressive forces along the
axes of the rods
• Connection of piston rod to the crosshead of a steam
engine, valve rod and its stem etc
Parts

Taper in width of cotter (one side) 1:24 (usually)


Failure
• Tension failure of rod at diameter d
• Tension failure of rod across slot
• Tensile failure of socket across slot
• Shear failure of cotter
• Shear failure of rod end
• Shear failure of socket end
• Crushing failure of rod or cotter
• Crushing failure of socket or rod
• Crushing failure of collar
• Shear failure of collar
Tension failure of rod
Tension failure of rod across slot (Spigot)
Tensile failure of socket across slot
Shear failure of cotter
Shear failure of rod end
Shear failure of socket end
Crushing failure of rod or cotter
Crushing failure of rod

Crushing failure of socket

Crushing failure of spigot collar


Shear failure of spigot collar
Bending failure of cotter
Assuming a triangular pressure distribution over the rod
The length of cotter (l) is taken as 4 d.
The taper in cotter should not exceed 1 in 24. In case the greater taper
is required, then a locking device must be provided
Sleeve and cotter joint

The enlarged ends of the rods butt against each other with a
common sleeve over them
Enlargement take care of the weakening effect caused by slots
Design of Gib and Cotter Joint for
Square Rods
Gib and cotter joint
• For rectangular rods
Gib and cotter joint assembled