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EXSICCATED

SODIUM
PHOSPHATE
EXPERIMENT NO. 6
OBJECTIVE:
At the end of the experiment, student should know how to:
 Perform the process of exsiccation
 Prepare exsiccated Sodium phosphate and identify its
uses
MATERIALS:
• Laboratory set of apparatus

• Oven

• Sieve
REAGENT:
• Sodium phosphate heptahydrate
CHEMICAL FORMULA:
H14Na3O11P
PROCEDURE
Allow the 5 grams of crystal to effloresce
for several days in warm air at
temperature of from 25 degrees Celsius
to 30 degree Celsius. The drying is
continued in an oven at temperature of
110 degrees Celsius. When the salt
ceases to lose its weight, it is powdered,
sifted and stored in a well tight
container
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH:
WHAT IS THE SYNONYM OF THE PREPARATION:
dehydrate.

evaporate.

parch.

dry out.
dry up.
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH:
DEFINE EXSICCATION
Is the process of removing the water of
crystallization from the hydrated crystalline
substance by heating and making them less
hydrous or anhydrous.
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH:
WHY IS HIGH TEMPERATURE TO BE AVOIDED
AT THE BEGINNING OF EXSICCATION?
a high temperature at the beginning is avoided because it
causes the salt to dissolve in its own water of hydration
and it is then difficult to expel traces of water from the
hard, caked residue left upon the evaporation of this
solution
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH:
WHAT IS THE MAIN USE OF THE PREPARATION
 To get an anhydrous product required in the
formulation of a certain medicament
It is also carried out to reduce the bulk and weight of a
certain drug so that they can be easily administered.
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH:
WHATIS THE MAIN USE OF SODIUM
PHOSPAHTE?
It is used principally for its laxative properties.
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH:
EXPLAIN THE MECHANISM OF ACTION
OF SALINE LAXATIVE
Draw large amounts of water from the body into the
intestines, which in turn increases the pressure on the
intestinal walls and stimulates the movement of bowel
contents.