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DAY – 2017.
21 April 2017.
Why The Civil Services Day
is organized on 21st April
every year?
 This day coincides with the date on which
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel had addressed
the first batch of probationers at the All
India Administrative Service Training
School at Metcalfe House, New Delhi in
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Said
 “You are the pioneers in the Indian Service and the
future of this service will depend much upon the
foundation and Traditions that will be laid down by
you, by your characters and abilities, and by your spirit
of Service.”
History of Civil Services
 The origin of the modern meritocratic civil service can be
traced back to Imperial examination founded in Imperial
 This system was reversed during the short-lived Sui
Dynasty (581–618), which initiated a civil service
bureaucracy recruited through written examinations and
recommendation. The first civil service examination
system was established by Emperor Wen of Sui. Emperor
Yang of Sui established a new category of recommended
candidates for the mandarinate in AD 605.
History of Indian Civil Services
 “During the eighteenth century a number of Englishmen
wrote in praise of the Chinese examination system, some of
them going so far as to urge the adoption for England of
something similar. The first concrete step in this direction
was taken by the British East India Company in 1806.
 " In that year, the East India Company established a college,
the East India Company College, near London to train and
examine administrators of the Company's territories
in India.
 "The proposal for establishing this college came,
significantly, from members of the East India Company's
trading post in Canton, China.“
 Examinations for the Indian 'civil service'—a term coined
by the Company—were introduced in 1829.
 Lord Warren Hastings laid the foundations of civil
service and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernised
and rationalised it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known
as the 'Father of Civil Service in India'. He introduced
Covenanted Civil Services (higher civil services) and
Uncovenanted Civil Services (lower civil services).
 The present civil services of India is mainly based on the
pattern of the former Indian Civil Service of British
India. The civil services were divided into two categories
- covenanted and uncovenanted. The covenanted civil
service consisted of only Europeans (i.e., English
personnel) occupying the higher posts in the
government. The uncovenanted civil service was solely
introduced to facilitate the entry of Indians at the lower
rung of the administration.
 With the passing of the Government of India Act 1919,
the Imperial Services headed by the Secretary of State
for India, were split into two – All India
Services and Central Services.
 The All India and class 1 Central Services were
designated as Central Superior Services as early as
1924. From 1924 to 1934, Administration in India
consisted of "ten" All India Services and five central
departments, all under the control of Secretary of State
for India, and 3 central departments under joint
Provincial and Imperial Control.

26 Services that comprise what is popularly called

The Civil Services is a major Career option with the
youth today. A career in the services promise
prestige, glamour public status and unparalled
respect and recognition

1. Armed forces H.Q. Civil Services(Civil as staff officer group B)

2. Central Secretariat Service (Section Officer Group B)
3. Customs Appraisers Service
4. Union territory Group ‘B’ Civil Services
5. Union Territory ‘Group ‘B’ Police Services
6. I.A.S.
7. Indian Audit and Accounts Services (Gr: A)
8. Indian Audit and Accounts Services
9. Indian Customs and Central Excise Service Group - A
10. Indian Defence Accounts Service Group A
11. Indian Defence Estate Service Gr: A
12. Indian Foreign Service – (IFS)
13. Indian Information Service (Group A)
14. Indian Ordinance Factories Service Group A
15. Indian P & T Accounts and Finance Service Group A
16. Indian Police Service (IPS)
17. Indian Postal Service
18. Indian Railway Personnel Service
19. Indian Railway Traffic Service Group A
20. Indian Revenue Service, Group A
21. Indian Trade Service Group – A.
22. Pondicherry Civil Service – Group B
23. Posts of Asst. Commandant, Group A in CISF
24. Posts of Asst. Security Officer Group ‘A’ in RPF
25. Posts of DSP, Group A in CBI
26. Railway Board Secretariat Service, Group B (Section
Officer’s Grade)
Applications call for Date : December, 1st week employment news
I I. Preliminary (Exam 20th May– result July – August
II. Main Exams (October – November)
III. Interview Test (April - May)

Education : Any degree from any University /

Deemed University

Age Limit :
FCs – 21- 30 Years ; SC/ST – 35 Years ; OBC – 33 Years
FCs – 4 attempts ; SC / STs – No Restriction of attempts; OBCs –
7 attempts
Prelims : Objective type questions : 2 papers
1. General Study – 150 marks
Covers the following Areas:
Indian History 25 -30 marks
General Science 20 -30 marks
Geography 15 -20 marks
Indian Economics 10 -20 marks
Indian Polity 10 – 15 marks
Current Affairs 10 – 25 marks
Mental ability 10 – 25 marks
Miscellaneous – 10 -20 marks
Prelims : Objective type questions : 2 papers
One Optional Subject among the below–2 hours One
subject to be selected out of following 25 subjects (300

Agriculture / Management/ Animal Husbandry /

Veterinary / Mathematics/ Anthropology/ Mechanical
Engg/ Botany/ Medicine/ Chemistry / Philosophy/
Sociology/ Civil Engg/ Physics/ Commerce and
Accountancy/ Political Science/ Economics /
Psychology / Electrical Engg/ Public Administration /
Geology / Geography/ Statistics / History / Zoology/
Stage II : Main Exams (Mains )
This exam consists of 9 exams

Paper I – Indian Language 300 marks (3 hrs)

One language to be chosen out of the following :
Arabic, Assamese, Bengali, Chinese, English, French, German,
Gujarat, Hindi, Kanada, Kashmiri, Kongani, Marathi, Malayalam,
Manipuri, Nepali, Oriya, Pali, Persia, Punjabi, Russian, Sanskrit,
Sindi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu

Paper II – English – 300 marks (3 hrs)

Marks scored in the above papers don’t affect the ranking ; But only
those who fulfills minimum standard in paper I and II will be qualified
for the other papers
Paper III – Essay – 200 marks – 3 hrs
Paper IV & V ; General Studies 300 marks each 3 hrs
Paper VI & VII : Optional subject I - 300 marks each 3 hrs
Paper VIII & IX :Optional subject II–300 marks each 3 hrs
Combinations not allowed for Main Subject
Political Science and Public Administration
Commerce & Accountancy & Management
Anthropology & Sociology
Mathematics And Statistics
Agriculture And animal Husbandry & Veterinary Sciences
Management and Public Administration
Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engg (only one subject )
Stage III Interview ; 300 marks - May
Interview Tests the following qualities
•Leadership Qualities
•Logical Reasoning
•Overall fitness for Public Service
Civil Services in Indian Constitution
 The present modern civil service was formed after
the partition of India in 1947. It was Sardar Patel's vision
that the Civil Service should strengthen cohesion and
national unity. The values of integrity, impartiality and
merit remain the guiding principles of Indian civil services.
 The constitution under Article 312 provides for All India
Civil Services branches to be set up by giving the power to
the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Parliament of India) to
resolve by a two-thirds majority to establish new all-India
services. The Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police
Service and Indian Forest Service are set up under this
constitutional provision.
What Is Constitution:
 Supreme law of India.
 Longest written constitution of any sovereign country
in the world, containing 448 articles in 25 parts, 12
schedules and 97 amendments.
 Besides the English version, there is an official Hindi
 Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is the Chief Architect of Indian
 Constitution was enacted by the Constituent Assembly on 26
November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950.
 Date 26 January was chosen to commemorate the Purna
Swaraj declaration of independence of 1930.
 It declares India to be a sovereign, socialist,
secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens
of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavors to
promote fraternity among them.
 Defined as the basic human rights of all citizens.
 Constitution starts with preamble.
 The preamble has been accepted as the part of the constitution. It
includes the objectives of the constitution such as to provides Liberty,
Equality and Justice to the citizens, and to promote among them all
fraternity, assuring the dignity of the individual and unity and integrity
of the nation. It also states about the nature of the state which is
Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic.

 Defined in Part III of the Constitution, apply irrespective of race, place of birth,
religion, caste, creed or gender.
 According to the constitution, every citizen has certain rights, known as the
Fundamental Rights of a citizen, and the constitution guarantees every citizen
of those.
 The Constitution of every country has certain special features because the
historical background, social, economic and political conditions influence the
making of the constitution. All these factors have contributed in the making of
the Constitution of India.
 Constitution was formed on the 26th of November in 1949 by
the Constituent Assembly and came into force on the 26th of
January 1950.
 Fundamental Duties of the citizens of India mentioned in
Article 51A of the Indian Constitution.
 By the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution, adopted in
1976, Fundamental Duties of the citizens have also been
 Development of constitutional rights in India was inspired by
historical documents such as England's Bill of Rights,
the United States Bill of Rights and France's Declaration of
the Rights of Man.
Fundamental Rights:
 The Right to Equality.
 Right to Freedom
 Right against Exploitation
 Right to Freedom of Religion
 Cultural and Educational Rights
 Right to Constitutional Remedies
Written Constitution
 The written constitution is the one which you can get in
the form of a book and can be read. There are 395
Articles, 12 schedules and it has been divided into 22
parts and till date more than 104 amendments have
been made into it.
 The Constitution, in its current form, consists of a
preamble, 22 parts containing 448 articles, 12 schedules, 5
appendices and 108 amendments to date.
 The objective of the Constituent Assembly was not to
enact an original constitution rather to enact a good
and workable constitution. The assembly evaluated
the constitutions of other countries and whatever
good they found in these constitutions, they included
in their own constitution.
 Parliamentary Government and Rule of Law are the
influences of the British Constitution.
 The Fundamental Rights and the special position of
the judiciary is the influence of the constitution of
 The Directive Principles of State Policy have been
borrowed from the constitution of Ireland.
 4. The Federal system of India is the influence of Canadian
 5. The method of the amendment of the constitution and
the method of the election of the members of Rajya Sabha
have been borrowed from the constitution of South Africa.
 6. The Emergency powers of the President are the influence
of the Weimer Constitution of Germany.
Fundamental Duties:
 To abide by the Constitution and respect the ideals and
 To respect the National Flag and the National Anthem.
 To realize and follow the essential ideals of secularism,
democracy and non-violence.
 To preserve the culture and heritage.
 To protect the Sovereignty, Unity and Integrity of the nation.
 To safeguard the public property.
 To defend the country even at the cost of our life.
 To protect natural resources.
 To avoid Dowry, Gambling, and other Social evils.
 To strive towards excellence in the respective spheres of
activities of the individuals.
 The Indian Constitution is the longest and the most detailed in
the world.
 A detailed list of Fundamental Rights from article 12-25 is
included in chapter 3rd of the constitution. In chapter 4th
from article 35-51 a detailed list of directive principles of State
Policy is also included which are guidelines of the State in
policy making.
 From article 350-360 the Emergency powers of the President
have also been included in it. A detailed description of center-
states relations is given in chapter 11 and 12 of it.
Fundamental Rights:
 Right to Equality:
 Article 14 :- Equality before law and equal protection of
 Article 15 :- Prohibition of discrimination on grounds
only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
 Article 16 :- Equality of opportunity in matters of public
 Article 17 :- End of untouchability
 Article 18 :- Abolition of titles, Military and academic
distinctions are, however, exempt
Right to Freedom:
 Article 19 :- It guarantees the citizens of India the
following six fundamentals freedoms:-
 Freedom of Speech and Expression
 Freedom of Assembly
 Freedom of form Associations
 Freedom of Movement
 Freedom of Residence and Settlement
 Freedom of Profession, Occupation, Trade and Bussiness
 Article 20 :- Protection in respect of conviction for
 Article 21 :- Protection of life and personal liberty
 Article 22 :- Protection against arrest and detention in
certain cases
Right Against Exploitation
 Article 23 :- Traffic in human beings prohibited.

 Article 24 :- No child below the age of 14 can be

Right to freedom of Religion:

 Article 25 :- Freedom of conscience and free profession,

practice and propagation of religion
 Article 26 :- Freedom to manage religious affairs
 Article 27 :- Prohibits taxes on religious grounds
 Article 28 :- Freedom as to attendance at religious
ceremonies in certain educational institutions
Cultural and Educational Rights:
 Article 29 :- Protection of interests of minorities
 Article 30 :- Right of minorities to establish and
administer educational institutions
 Article 31 :- Omitted by the 44th Amendment Act
Right to Constitutional Remedies:
 Article 32 :- The right to move the Supreme Court in
case of their violation (called Soul and heart of the
Constitution by BR Ambedkar)
 Forms of Writ check
 Habeas Corpus :- Equality before law and equal
protection of law
 Governance refers to "all of processes of governing,
whether undertaken by a government, market or
network, whether over a family, tribe, formal or
informal organization or territory and whether
through the laws, norms, power or language.” It relates
to "the processes of interaction and decision-making
among the actors involved in a collective problem that
lead to the creation, reinforcement, or reproduction of
social norms and institutions."
Contribution of Civil Service in
Indian Democracy.
 Roles in stability of democracy in country.
 Obedential behaviour towards Indian
 Provide a platform for good governance.
 Governance is the exercise of economic, political and
administrative authority to manage a country’s affairs
at all levels.
 The concept of Governance is broader than
 The concept of Governance focuses on institutions and
Core Principle of Good Governance
Good Governance has major characteristics of
 Rule of law
 Transparency and free flow of information
 Participation
 Equity and inclusiveness
 Effectiveness and efficiency
 Accountability
 Control of corruption
 Balances between growth and distribution; and
 Present and future resource use
Core Principle of Good Governance
 Transparency is widely recognised as core principle of good
 Transparency means sharing information and acting in an open
 Free access to information is a key element in promoting transparency.
 Information must be timely, relevant, accurate and complete for it to be
used effectively.
 Transparency is also considered essential for controlling corruption in
public life.
 Transparency and accountability in Government are mutually
Major Initiatives to Enhance Transparency in India
 Right to Information Act
 Public Services Bill
 Citizens Charters
 e-Governance
 e-Bhoomi
 e-Chaupal
 e-procurement
Right to Information
Knowledge will forever govern ignorance, and

a people who mean to be their own governors,

must arm themselves

with the power knowledge gives

Right to Information
 A fundamental right of every citizen.
 Interpreted by Supreme Court to be embedded in the
right to life and liberty and right of freedom of speech
and expression guaranteed under the Indian
 A separate Act enacted by Indian Parliament in 2005.
Right to Information Act
 Comes into force w.e.f. October 12, 2005
 Applicable across India
 Applicable to all public authorities owned, controlled or
substantially funded by the Government.
 Access to third party records available
 Overrides the Official Secrets Act, 1923.
 Independent institutions for implementation of Act at
both Federal and Provincial levels.
 Penalty for non-compliance provided for.
Right to Information Act
 Empowers citizens to
 Ask any question from the Government or seek any information
 Take copies of any Government documents
 Inspect any Government documents
 Inspect any Government works
 Take samples of materials of any Government works
 Information to be made available between 30 to 35 days and within 48
hours when pertaining to life and liberty
 Nominal processing fee
 Movement started by small farmers in Rajasthan in 1994-95
Public Services Bill
 A Bill for regulation of public services in India under
 Likely to include
- fundamental values of public services
- code of ethics for public servants
- a management code to ensure implementation
- protection of whistle-blowers
- recruitment code
- an authority to facilitate review and development of Public
Citizen’s Charters
 In a democracy, all power belongs to the people. They
elect the Government and the Government in turn
must be accountable to the people.
 The Citizen’s Charter essential for transparency and
 A response to the quest for solving the problems which
citizens encounters while dealing with public service
Citizen’s Charters
 Initiative started late in 1997
 Coordination, formulation and operationalisation of Citizen’s Charters
initiated by Union Government.
 Guidelines for formulation and list of do’s and don’ts communicated.
 Included expectations from the clients.
 111 Charters for Federal organisations
 668 Charters for Provincial organisations
 Comprehensive website launched in 2002
 Banking sector chosen as a model of excellence
 External agencies engaged for evaluation
 Compendium of Charters brought out in May 2003
 A comprehensive programme at all levels of the
government to improve efficiency, transparency
and accountability at the Government-citizen
 National e-Governance Action Plan
 25 Mission Mode Projects
 Centralized Initiative, Decentralized
e-Governance : Framework
e-Bhoomi :
Management of Land Records
 Premier e-Governance project in India
 20 million manually managed land records digitalised
 6.7 million formers with average holding of 0.6 hectare
 30662 villages in Karnataka covered
 Developed by NIC of Government of India
e-Bhoomi :
Management of Land Records –
 Number of land records
 Poor infrastructure
 Low literacy
 Diverse language dialects
 Skepticism about Government’s interest
 Unfamiliarity with ICT
 Entrenched vested interests, and
 Time target for implementation
e-Bhoomi :
Management of Land Records –
Factors Contributing to Success
 Long tenure of Project Officer
 Involvement of stakeholders at all levels
 Political will
 A good self-sustaining business model
 Training, capacity building and selection of computer
 Incentive system
 Making the required changes in policies
 Identifying outsourcing components
e-Bhoomi :
Management of Land Records –
Results Achieved
 One of the biggest citizen centric projects in the world
 Reliability and authenticity of land records
 Quick and efficient delivery of service
 Bogus land transactions arrested
 Has become a national model
 16 to 18 million people avail services every year
 Processing fee about US$ 0.33 only
 Over 1 to 1.5 million mutations handled every year
 Embraced all political parties in Karnataka
e-Chaupal :
Transforming Lives and Landscapes
 A pioneering web-based initiative by ITC
 Delivers real-time and customised information to farmers
 Enhances their farm productivity
 Better aligns farm output to market demand
 Secures better quality productivity and improve prices
 Enables even marginal farmers to access knowledge to
compete on equal footing in the marketplace
 Empowers rural communities
e-Chaupal :
Transforming Lives and Landscapes
 Started in 1990
 Currently comprises 6400 e-Chaupals
 Reaching nearly 40,000 villages and serving over 4 million farmers
 Nine provinces already covered
 Consists of 3 layers starting with village level, ICT kiosks with internet
access (or e-Chaupal) managed by a Sanchalak
 Free information and knowledge
 Freedom of choice in transactions
 Transaction-based income stream for Sanchalak
 Other value chains added
e-Chaupal :
Transforming Lives and Landscapes
 Has demonstrated the power to improve efficiency of the
farm to market value chain, to allow for efficient and
effective distribution of goods and services to the villages as
well as to improve the capability of rural population and
increase their income streams
 Targeted 20,000 e-Chaupals extending coverage to 1,00,000
villages entailing investments of US$1.15 billion in next 10
 Will transform lives of one-sixth of rural India
e-Procurement :

 Procurement processes automated

 A robust scalable and secure web-based e-Procurement
solution developed by NIC
 8 Government Departments, 12 PSUs, 51 Municipalities on
 Turnover US$ 3.5 billion & 9,981 in nos. in 2005-06
 Tender lead time reduced from 180 days to 36 days
Our Vision
With all these initiatives enhancing
accountability and transparency
in governance,
we believe that India is nearer to achieving
Swaraj of Mahatma Gandhi’s dreams
than ever before.
some recent good initiatives by
the government of India?
 Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana(for Financial
Inclusion): This scheme is the prime necessity for many
Indians because without their inclusion into banking
sector the govt can't give them the direct subsidies/benefits
which reduce the quantum of corruption.
 Beti Bachao Beti Padhao: To save and educate girl child
Central Govt launched this scheme.
 Deregulation of diesel prices: The prices are made
dynamic with the international prices with the govt having
less subsidy burden and less intervention of the
Govt. Diesel prices deregulated
 Skill India(National Skill Development Corporation
 Make in India(MAKE IN INDIA): It is a programme to
bring in Foreign direct investment into 25 key sectors
which increases employment and make India a
manufacturing hub. Out of the 25 sectors except in Space,
Defence and Media houses rest sectors can have 100% FDI.
 Labour law liberalisation: The amendments of the
labour law bill will exempt filing of returns and
maintenance of records for units employing up to 40
workers. The definition of small establishments has also
been proposed to be changed to firms hiring not less than
10 and up to 40 employees, against not less than 10 and up
to 19 at present. The planned changes are expected to help
small firms reduce paperwork, end harassment and
encourage entrepreneurship and help create jobs. Rajya
Sabha approves key labour law bill - The Times of India
 Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana: Many
places in India are electrified but without electricity, some
don't have a reliable supply and others have voltage
problems etc. To end all this Central Govt introduced this
scheme. This scheme was entailed with an investment of
43,000 crore Indian Rupees. Press Information
Bureau Electrified, but without electricity
 Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana: This is a central
government's irrigation scheme which aims at bringing
irrigation water to every village by converging ongoing
schemes being implemented by various
ministries. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana aims at
bringing irrigation water to every village
 Land Acquisition reforms: Perhaps the most
controversial one and I think it is a necessary evil.
 Digital India: Digital India is an initiative of Government of India to integrate
the government departments and the people of India. It aims at ensuring the
government services are made available to citizens electronically by reducing
paperwork. The initiative also includes plan to connect rural areas with high-
speed internet networks. Digital India has three core components. These
include the creation of digital infrastructure, delivering services digitally,
digital literacy. Page on
 Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana: To encourage small entrepreneurs the
Central Govt. launched this scheme and announced to setup a bank called
MUDRA Bank. This Bank will refinance Micro-Finance Institutions through
this Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana. The main aim is banking the "unbanked"
and also funding the "unfunded". Page on
 Atal Pension Yojana: To address the longevity risks among the workers in
unorganised sector and to encourage the workers in unorganised sector to
voluntarily save for their retirement, who constitute 88% of the total labour
force of 47.29 crore the govt launched this scheme. Under the APY, there is
guaranteed minimum monthly pension for the subscribers ranging between
Rs. 1000 and Rs. 5000 per month. GoI will also co-contribute 50% of the
subscriber’s contribution or Rs. 1000 per annum, whichever is lower.
Government co-contribution is available for those who are not covered by any
Statutory Social Security Schemes and is not an income tax payer. Page on Page on