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TAPING TECHNIQUES

PRESENTED BY :

ALAGAPPAN thiyagarajan
OrthoPAEdic and sports physiotherapist
FIRST STEP PHYSIOTHERAPY CLINIC
INTRODUCTION

 Taping is a form of strapping. It is the procedure


that uses tape, attached to the skin, to physically
keep in place muscle or bone at a certain position to
reduce pain and aids recovery.

 It is a form of partial immobilization of joint.


which allow for a certain level of functional
mobility.
 Prevention or recurrence of injury.
 Supporting the ligaments, tendons and muscles to
protect the further injury.
 It limit the excessive or unwanted movement of
unstable joints.
 It protect and support the injured structure in
functional position.
 It enhances proprioception of limb and joints.
 It enhances kinesthesia.
 How did the injury occur?
 What structures were damaged?
 What tissues need protection and support?
 What movements must be restricted?
 Is the injury acute and chronic?
 Is immobilizations necessary at this stage?
 Are you familiar with the anatomy and biomechanics
of the parts involved?
 Are you familiar with technique?
• REDUCES PAIN BY ALLEVIATING PRESSURE ON THE
SKIN NEURAL & SENSORY RECEPTORS
• REDUCES SWELLING BY INCREASING FLUID MOVEMENT.

CIRCULATORY •CAN SPEED LYMPHATIC DRAINAGE & FLOW BY


INCREASING THE AMOUNT OF SPACE BENEATH THE SKIN.

FASCIA •BY TAPING THE SKIN IT CAN EFFECT THE DEEPEST LAYER
OF FASCIA

• TAPE CAN RELIEVE MUSCLE PAIN, INCREASE ROM


MUSCLE ,NORMALIZE LENGTH/TENSION RATIO TO CREATE OPTIMAL
FORCE ,ASSIST WITH TISSUE RECOVERY & REDUCE FATIGUE.

• TAPE CAN IMPROVE JOINT, ALIGNMENT & BIOMECHANICS.

JOINT • FACILITATE LIGAMENT & TENDON FUNCTION.


• ENHANCE KINESTHETIC AWARENESS.
• CORRECT IMBALANCE.
MATERIALS USES IN
TAPING
 Tape
 Underwrap
 Adhesive remover
 Taping scissors
 Powder/disinfecting solution
 Cohesive bandage
 Pads
 Adhesive spray
PREWRAP/UNDERWRAP
This is the foam
material applied
before the tape on
sensitive area.

ADHESIVE REMOVER

It is solvent to help to
remove tape
from skin.
FLAT TIPPED BLADE SCISSOR
These scissors have
flat tipped blade,
slips safely under
tape for easy
removal.
HEAVY DUTY SCISSOR
It is used after removal of
tape, if there is any
allergy or itching

PADS
Use thin pads over bony
prominences and high friction
area.

ADHESIVE SPRAY

It is applied on fixing area to


facilitate the adherence.
 It is a elastic bandage. It sticks
to itself, but not to the skin.
 Waterproof and reusable.
 Available in a wide variety of
colours, and are very easy to
tear with the fingers.
 Commonly used for wrapping
joints, and covering tapings
and for compression to injured
joints or muscle areas to
reduce irritation.
 STANDARD ATHLETIC TAPING.

 MCCONNELL TAPING.

 MULLIGAN TAPING.

 KINESIOLOGY TAPING.

 FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT TAPING.

 SPECIFIC PROPRIOCEPTIVE RESPONSE TAPING.

 LOW DYE TAPING


EXTREMLY RIGID AND REQUIRES PRE WRAP.

USED FOR ACUTE INJURIES.

MAINLY USED FOR SHORT DURATION OF TIME.

APPLIED PRIOR TO THR ACTIVITY AND THENTAKEN OFF


IMMEDIATELY THEREAFTER.

CAN CAUSE SKIN IRRITATION DUE TO MOISTURE


ENTRAPMENT, HIGH LATEX CONTENT, SKIN COMPRESSION,
JOINT COMPRESSION AND MUSCLE COMPRESSION.

NOT WATER RESISTANT.


 DONE USING A SUPER RIGID COTTON MESH HIGHLY
ADHESIVE TAPE.

 USED FOR PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN SYNDROME,


SHOULDER SUBLUXATION, LUMBER SPINE, FOOT AND HIP
JOINT.

 AIMED AT CORRECTING THE BIOMECANICS.

 PRIMARILY USED FOR NEUROMUSCULAR RE-EDUCATION


OF TH AFFECTED CONDITIION.

 NOT WATER RESISTANT.


 DEPENDING ON HOW YOU APPLY THE KINESIOTAPE IT CAN
WORK IN DIFFERENT WAYS.

 IT MIMICS THE QUALITIES OF HUMAN SKIN.

 IT WORKS BY SUBCUTANEOUSLY LIFTING THE SKIN.


 ENHANCE MUSCULAR ,JOINT & CIRCULATORY FUNCTION BY
FACILITATING A MUSCLE, INHIBITING A MUSCLE, WORKING
WITH THE LYMPH SYSTEM TO HELP WITH EDEMA.

 CAN BE USED IN ALL PHASE OF AN INJURYACUTE, SUBACUTE


& REHABILITATIVE.

 CAN BE APPLIED FROM PEDIATRIC TO GERIATRIC POPULATION.


 100 % COTTON.

 LATEX FREE.

 THE THICKNESS OF THE KINESIO TEX TAPE IS


APPROXIMATELY THE SAME AS THE EPIDERMIS OF THE SKIN.
THIS WAS INTENDED TO LIMIT THE BODY'S PERCEPTION OF
WEIGHT AND AVOID SENSORY STIMULI WHEN PROPERLY
APPLIED.
 WATER RESISTANT CAN BE APPLIED FOR 3-5 DAYS.
 LOW-DYE TAPING IS ALSO KNOWN AS CALCANEAL
TAPING.

 COMMONLY USED BY PHYSICAL THERAPISTS IN THE


TREATMENT OF LOWER LEG SYMPTOMS RELATED TO
EXCESSIVE PRONATION.

 PROVIDES SHORT-TERM (7-10 DAYS) OF PAIN RELIEF BY


SUPPORTING THE MEDIAL LONGITUDINAL ARCH OF THE
FOOT, THUS CONTROLLING THE AMOUNT OF REAR FOOT
PRONATION.

 IT ALSO HELPS TO REDUCE THE PRESSURE IN


THE MEDIAL MIDFOOT.
 FFT allows the continuation of functional range & activity
without pain.

 It applies a sustained load on to the fascia in a direction that


allow the muscle under fascia to glide better.

 FFT effects on connective tissue.

 Direction of tape applied is guided by the direction of load


that reduce pain.
 DONE TO CORRECT POSITIONAL FAULTS.

 DONE IN FUNCTIONAL POSITION OR


WEIGHT BEARING POSITION.

 THE JOINT IS TAPED WITH THE GLIDE WHICH


RELIEVES THE PAIN.
 NON ELASTIC TAPE
 ELASTIC TAPE
 KINESIO TAPE
 Made up of cotton with Zinc Oxide
adhesive mass.
 Hypoallergnic tape.
 Manufactured in variety of size and
colors. Most common is white.
 It is available in market in ½,1,2,inch
width and 10-15 yard in length.
 Does not posses elastic properties. so
comformability to body contour can
be difficult.
 Easy to tear.
 Commonly referred as stretch
tape
 Give good conformability to
body contour.
 It is made up of twisted cotton
and adhesive backing.
 It is available in 2,3 inch in
widths by 5 yard length with tan in
colors .
 It is too strong. Should use
scissor to cut the tape.
 WASH & DRY SKIN.
 SHAVE THE SKIN.
 REMOVE OILS AND LOTION.
 CHECK THE ATHLETE SKIN.
 APPLY UNDERWRAP FOR SENSITIVE SKIN.
 COVER BROKEN LESION.
 APPLY PROTECTIVE PADDING TO FRICTION AND
PRESSURE AREAS.

 ATHLETE AND THERAPIST SHOULD BE INA


COMFORTABLE POSITION
POSITION OF PART, OF AN INDIVIDUAL
WHERE TAPE IS TO BE APPLIED

 WHEN APPLYING NON ELASTIC (ZINC OXIDE TAPE),THE


POSITION OF JOINT IN RANGE OF MOTION IN WHICH THE
JOINT WILL BE STABILIZED.(IN FUNCTIONAL
POSITION,MINIMUM STRESS ON INJURED STRUCTURE)

 WHEN APPLY ELASTIC TAPE,THE POSITION OF JOINT WILL


VARY BECAUSE OF THE STRETCH QUALITY OF TAPE.
 A SWOLLEN, IRRITABLE OR PAINFULJOINT.
 ACUTE INJURY(WHERE THERE IS A RISKOF
SWELLING)
 ABNORMAL SKIN SENSATION, ALLERGIESOR
HYPER SENSATION OF SKIN.
 ON FRACTURE.
 ON MUSCULAR INJURY (OPEN WOUND)
 IF YOU HAVE CIRCULATORY PROBLEM.
 AVOID EXCESSIVE TRACTION ON SKIN.
 AVOID GAPS AND WRINKLES.
 AVOID CONTINUOUS CIRCUMFERENTIAL
TAPING- PRODUCE A MORE UNIFORM PRESSURE.
 AVOID EXCESSIVE LAYERS OF TAPE.
 AVOID TOO TIGHT APPLICATION OVER BONY
AREAS.
 AFTER APPLICTION , CHECK THE TAPE TO MAKE
SURE THAT ATHLETE IS COMFORTABLE OR NOT
 UNROLL THE TAPE BEFORE APPLYING IT.
IT IS THE FIRST STRIPS OF TAPE APPLIED ABOVE
AND BELOW THE INJURY SITE WHERE SUBSEQUENT
ANCHORS TAPE ARE ATTACHED.

RESTRICT UNWANTED SIDEWAYS MOVEMENT.


SUPPORT STRIPS

HORIZONTAL ADD STABILITY TO THE JOINT.


STRIPS
VERTICAL STRIPS ALSO PROVIDE STABILITY.
REINFORCING ADD TENSILE STRENGTH.
STRIPS
RESTRICT RANGE OF MOTION.
CHECK REIN

LOCK STRIPS TO SECURE THE CUT END OF TAPE

HEEL LOCK, Y STRIP, J STRIP , ISTRIP


OTHER TERMS
 REDUCED CIRCULATION FROM TAPING.
 SKIN IRRITATION DUE TO MECHANICAL OR
ALLERGIC PHENOMENA.

 DECREASED EFFECTIVENESS OF TAPE WITH


TIME

 IT MAY CAUSE BILTERS AND LACERATIONS.