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Kinds Of Plants

BY: PRINCESS LYKA LEI PAGULAYAN


AND
JUHAIRA A. MASLA
PAY
ATTENTION
 THE QUIZ IS
HARD SO LISTEN
[THERE’S AN ESSAY AND
THE QUESTIONS ARE HARD ]
WHAT IS A PLANT

Plants maybe
classified by their
stem. There are
two types of plants
, VASCULAR and
NONVASCULAR.
VASCULAR
PLANTS

A VASCULAR PLANTS has a TRUE STEM


responsible for TRANSPORTING
WATER and ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS to its
different parts. VASCULAR PLANTS
can be classified further based on
the manner by which they
reproduce. Vascular plants are either
SEEDLESS vascular plants plants
that reproduce through spores or
SEEDBEARING plants that reproduce
through their seeds. SEADBEARING
plants are further group into
angiosperms or gymnosperms.
FLOWERING
PLANTS

Most seeds are FLOWERING Plants or


ANGIOSPERMS .The term of
ANGIOSPERM comes from GREEK
words “angeion’ (case) ‘sperma’
[seed]. The SPERM CELLS and EGG
CELLS of ANGIOSPERMS are FORMED
in FLOWERS. Flowers undergo
POLLINATION, the process by which
POLLEN is transferred from the male
reproductive part of female
reproductive part of the plant.
Kinds of flowering TYPE COTYLE
DON
LEAF
VENATI
FLOWER VASCU
PART LAR
ROOT

plant ON TISSUE
ARRAN
GEMEN
T
FLOWERING plant are SCATTE FIBROU
MULTIPL RED S ROOT
traditionally divided by ONE PARALL ES OF
botanists into monocots COTYLE EL THREE
DON VENATI
and dicots. MONOCOTS ON
and DICOTS have different DICOTS TWO NETTED MULTIPL ARRAN SINGLE
plants parts. COTYLE
DON
VENATI
ON
ES OF
FOUR
GED IN
CIRCLE
TPROOT

OF FIVE
COTYLEDONS
COTYLEDONS are STORAGE TISSUES that NOURISH the
DEVELOPING SEEDLING until the seedling GROWS ITS OWN
LEAVES and CAN PRODUCE ITS OWN FOOD TROUGH
PHOTOSYNTHESIS. The number of COTYLEDON S that a plant
has is the basis for determining whether a plant is a monocot
or a dicot. The word “monocot” means “one cotyledon”
and the word “dicot” means “two cotyledons.”
LEAF VENATION

Is the PATTERN of the VEINS in LEAVES. MONOCOTS HAVE


PARALLEL venation. Dicots, on the other hand ,have
netted venation, which means that DICOTS LEAVES have
BRANCHING PATTERNS. However, this distinguishing
characteristics between MONOCOTS and DICOTS is not
always reliable.
FLOWER
PARTS
[NUMBER OF PETALS,SEPALS,STAMENS
AND OTHER FLOWER PARTS]of
MONOCOTS and DICOTS different.
The PETALS of MONOCOTS, for
instance, tend to exist in numbers
DIVISIBLE BY THREE [i.e. THREE or
SIX].Among DICOTS, the flower pats
come in 4”s,5”s or in MULTIPLE of
these NUMBER.
VASCULAR TISSUE
ARRANGEMENTS

(xylem and phloem can also be used


)in plant stems can also can be used
to distinguish between monocots
and dicots. In dicots, the vascular
tissues are ARRANGED IN CIRCLES.A
cross section of a dicot stem shows
the VASCULAR TISSUE as a CYLINDER.
In monocots, the VASCULAR TISSUES
are SCATTERED.
Table 5.1 Families Of ANGIOS SPERM
commo
n
TYPE FAMILY EXAMPL
ES
MONO COTS BROMEL FAMILY PINEAPP URNPLA VASEPL EARTHST BALLMO
IAD LE NT ANT AR SS
LILY FAMILY ONION LILY OF HYACIN TULIP SPIDER
THE TH PLANT
VALLEY
ORCHID FAMILY DENDR WAILIN VANDA
OBIUM G-
WAILIN
G
GRASS FAMILY OATS BAMBO LEMON RICE CORN,S
O GRAS UGARC
ANE
BANAN FAMILY BANAN
A A
DICOTS CASHEW FAMILY CASHEW,MANGO,PIST
ACHIO,POISON
IVY,PEPPER TREE
ASTER FAMILY SUNFLOWER,MARIGOL
D,LETTUSE.THISLE
CACTUS FAMILY CEREIUS,PERESIA,OPUN
TIA
GOURD FAMILY WATER,CUCUMBER,PU
MKIN,AMPALAYA,SAY
OTE
LEGUME FAMILY ACACIA,PEANUT,GAR
BAZO
BEAN,CLOVER,TAMARI
ND
What is Angiosperms
and Gymnosperms
ANGIOSPERMS have seeds
that are ENCLOSED in
FLESHY STRUCTURES called
FRUITS.

GYMNOSPERMS have NAKED


SEEDS that do not have these
structures. EXAMPLE:PINE
TREES, FRUITBEARING TREES,
RICE, CORN, and vegetables
such as PECHAY and
CABBAGE.
SEEDLESS VASCULAR
PLANT
As the name implies, LACK SEEDS
and DO NOT FLOWER. These plants
REPRODUCE THROUGH SPORES.
Having spores instead of seeds gives
them ADVANTAGE as SPORES are
easier to disperse.
FRONDS- are the parts of ferns
that resemble leaves.

RHIZOMES- are fern “stems,” which


contain the vascular tissues or the
xylem and the phloem. The rhizomes
of ferns may entirely be
underground.
-In some ferns, they can grow up to
12 meters tall.

ROOTS- from on the rhizome


or even on the stipe of a fern.
The roots of ferns grow down
and act as their support. The
roots absorb water and
minerals that nourish the
plant.
SORI- ( singular: sorus) are
round or elongated structures
foind on the undersides of
fronds. Spores or the “Seeds”
that propagate ferns are
found in the sori.
NOW WE’RE DONE
WITH VASCULAR
PLANTS
NOW ITS TIME FOR NONVASCULAR PLANT [HOPE YOU STILL LISTENING]
What are
Nonvascular plants?
Nonvascular plants DO NOT HAVE VASCULAR SYSTEM for
TRANSPORTING WATER and OTHER NUTRIENTS to the DIFFERENT
PARTS of their bodies.
What is XYLEM and
PHLOEM
XYLEM is responsible for DELIVERING
WATER AND MINERALS from the roots
to the AREAIL PARTS of the PLANT.
PHLOEM transports the FOOD and
NUTRIENTS from the LEAVES to THE
OTHER PLANT PARTS.
CHARACTERISTICS OF
NONVASCULAR
PLANT
Nonvascular plants are usually
SMALL. WATER and NUTRIENTS are
OBTAINED via transport process
called OSMOSIS and DIFFUSION.
KINDS OF NON
VASCULAR PLANT
MOSSES are SMALL and FLOWERLESS
plant that can grow as CLUMPS or
MATS in MOIST and SHADY PLACES.
When conditional are FAVORABLE.
mosses PRODUCE THIN STALK and
CASULES that contains SPORES.
MOSSES HAVE DECORATIVE
PROPERTIES AND ARE OFTEN USED AS
GARDEN ORNAMENTS. [the following
features are common in most
mosses]
KINDS OF
NONVASCULAR
PLANTS
>Mosses have structures called
RHIZOIDS,BRANCHED AND often
REDDISH BROWN that ANCHOR them
to the SURFACE on which they grow.
>They have LEAFY STEMS that RELEASE
WAXY DEPOSITS causing the mosses to
appear IRIDESCENTS when viewed
from different angles.

LIVERWORTS- grow inmats


or clumps like mosses do.
They are small just about 10
cm in height or less.
-They may be found on the
ground, rocks, trees, and
other places, particularly in
humid areas.
-In ancient times, they were
used to cure liver diseases
because of their liver-life
appearance.
THANK YOU…..
BUT WAIT….WE STILL HAVE A QUIZ….IF YOU REALLY DID
LISTEN TO US ANSWER THIS QUESTIONS [P.S. THE
QUESTIONS ARE EASY IF YOU LISTEN] GOODLUCK