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HISTORY OF DEMOCRATIC POLITICS IN THE PHILIPPINES

AN INTRODUCTION

HOW DID DEMOCRACY DEVELOP IN THE PHILIPPINES? WHAT IS TE EFFECT OF THE AMERICAN COLONIAL RULE AND THE JAPANESE OCCUPATION ON THE COUNTRY’S DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS AND

PROCESSES? WHAT CHANGES AND WHAT REMAINED FROM THE COLONIAL TO THE POSTCOLONIAL DEMOCRATIC POLITICS OF THE PHILIPPINES

DEMOCRACY

DEMOCRACY

DEMOCRACY

A system of government in which power is vested in the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives

a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through

elected representatives.

“NO COUNTRY IN ASIA HAS MORE EXPERIENCE

WITH DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS THAN THE

PHILIPPINES”

MALOLOS REPUBLIC 1898
MALOLOS REPUBLIC
1898

REPRESENTATIONAL

STRUCTURES

AMERICAN COLONIAL RULE
AMERICAN COLONIAL
RULE

POLITICAL

TUTELAGE

POST-WAR REPUBLIC
POST-WAR REPUBLIC

CACIQUE

DEMOCRACY

PEOPLE POWER UPRISING
PEOPLE POWER
UPRISING

RESTORATION OF

DEMOCRACY

MORE THAN A CENTURY OF

DEMOCRACY - 6 constitutions 3 organic

ACTS

1899 Malolos Constitution- first Asian Democracy to be

established, during the

Philippine Revolutionending the more than 300 years of Spanish colonial rule

MORE THAN A CENTURY OF DEMOCRACY - 6 constitutions 3 organic ACTS • 1899 Malolos Constitution-

MORE THAN A CENTURY OF

DEMOCRACY - 6 constitutions 3 organic

MORE THAN A CENTURY OF DEMOCRACY - 6 constitutions 3 organic ACTS • President Mckinley’s Instructions

ACTS

President Mckinley’s

Instructions to the Second

Philippine Commission on

Organizing and establishing civil government, including

local government and the civil

liberties of the Filipinos

The US Philippine Bill of 1902

that served as the organic act

of the Phil Government unti

August 1916 and Authorized the establishment of the Philippine Assembly 1907

MORE THAN A CENTURY OF

DEMOCRACY - 6 constitutions 3 organic

ACTS

MORE THAN A CENTURY OF DEMOCRACY - 6 constitutions 3 organic ACTS • US Philipine Autonomy

US Philipine Autonomy Act of 1916/ Jones Law-

establishment of all-Filipino

Philippine Legislature and

promised independence following the establishment of a stable government by the

Filipinos

MORE THAN A CENTURY OF

DEMOCRACY - 6 constitutions 3 organic

ACTS

1935 Constitution- drafted by the Filipinos, approved by the

American President and ratified by the Filipinos as authorized by the US Congress

• The 1943 Constitution of the Philippine Republic under the Japanese Occupation. (Many officials collaborated with

The 1943 Constitution of the Philippine Republic under the

Japanese Occupation. (Many

officials collaborated with the Japanese while others were in self exile)

• The 1943 Constitution of the Philippine Republic under the Japanese Occupation. (Many officials collaborated with

1973 Marcos Constitution that was adopted under Ferdinand

Marcos’s Authoritarian Rule

• 1973 Marcos Constitution that was adopted under Ferdinand Marcos’s Authoritarian Rule

1987 CONSTITUTION - further defined the institutions, functions, and purposes of Filipino Democracy.

“RE-Establishment of FILIPINO DEMOCRACY.”— CHAROT

• 1987 CONSTITUTION - further defined the institutions, functions, and purposes of Filipino Democracy. • “RE

3 IMPORTANT JUNCTURES

IN THE COUNTRY’S

HISTORY

  • 1. AMERICAN COLONIALISM

  • 2. JAPANESE COLONIALISM &JAPAN SPONSORED REPUBLIC

  • 3. IMPOSITION OF AUTHORITARIAN RULE BY MARCOS