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Presented by
Ajit.M.Waghmare
Roll No-M0810S12
]
 

m A problem in which the


geometry,
loadings,
boundary conditions and
materials are symmetric with respect to an axis is
one that can be solved as an axisymmetric problem
instead of as a three dimensional problem
Õhe mathematical formulation of an | 
finite element is actually similar to
   (and
plane stress) problems.

By symmetry, the two components of displacement in


any plane section of the excavation through its axis
of symmetry define completely the state of strain,
and therefore, the state of stress.

Instead of analyzing a unit out-


out-of-
of-plane depth, the
analysis is performed on a unit radian
O  
  
m Many three-
three-dimensional field problems in
engineering exhibit symmetry about an axis of
rotation.

m Such problems, known as  



  solved
  solved using two-
two-dimensional finite elements,
which are most conveniently described in cylindrical
(
   
V

 
m Õ       
 to
      
 to be
axisymmetric are as follows:

m 1. Õhe problem domain must possess an axis of


symmetry.
m 2. Õhe boundary conditions are symmetric about the
axis of revolution;
m ›   › ›
› 
 
› ›
^. All loading conditions are symmetric about the
axis of revolution; thus,
›  ›
›  
›
 ›
£   
      
      
› 
 › ›   
 ›
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In specific axisymmetric problems, integration of various
functions of the interpolation functions over the volume
are required for element formulation.Symbolically,

such integrals are represented as


O     

Õ      

w
  
m Õo solve a problem involving,first approach is based on
strength of material.

m the three basic types of field equations²


m equilibrium,
m constitutive (stress-strain), and
m compatibility (strain-displacement.

m Õhe second method involves the application of energy


principles, which equates the state of equilibrium to the
condition of having minimum potential energy.
m where the potential energy, ƴ, is defined as the internal
energy (U) minus the external work (W)

third method involves computer algorithm


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m Õo illustrate this type of analysis consider the


problem of finding the stresses in a thick open-ended
cylinder with an internal pressure (such as a pipe
discharging to the atmosphere).

m Õhe steel cylinder below has an inner radius of 5


inches and an outer radius of 11 inches.
Õ     

 
  
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m 1. Start ANSYS
m º ››› ›  
m 2. Preprocessor -> Element Õype -> Add/Edit/Delete
-> Add -> ›
›Quad
Quad 4 Node 42 -> OK -> Options
(Element Behavior)-
Behavior)-> Axisymmetric -> OK -> Close
m -›› ››
›
m ^. Preprocessor -> Material Props -> Material Models
. . . -> Structural -> Linear -> Elastic -> Isotropic -
>Enter Ex = ^.e7 and PRXY = 0.^ -> OK -> Close.

m 4. Preprocessor -> Create -> Areas -> Rectangle -


>By 2 Corners
m  ›    › 
m 5. Preprocessor -> Mesh -> Areas -> Free 
› 
m . Preprocessor -> Loads ->Apply ->Displacement ->
On Lines uy = 0
m Preprocessor -> Loads ->Apply ->Pressure -> On
Lines
m -› 
1000

1000
m 7. Solution -> Solve -> Current LS ->OK
m V › 
 › 
›   
 ›››  
   
m 8. General Post Processor -> Plot Results ->
Deformed Shape . . . ->Def + +undeformed
undeformed -> OK
m -› ›
›
m X. General Postprocessor -> Plot Results -> Element
Solu . . .  Sx ›  Sy ›  Sz  ..
^ 

£ ›
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a 

m ›  ›  › 
›  !
m "›› inside
› SX = -1000 psi SZ =
1520.8 psi
m "›› outside
› SX = 0 psi SZ =
520.8psi

m #-£  R$%&'"º-"(-R "


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