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Presented by
Ajit.M.Waghmare
Roll No-M0810S12
]
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## m A problem in which the

geometry,
boundary conditions and
materials are symmetric with respect to an axis is
one that can be solved as an axisymmetric problem
instead of as a three dimensional problem
Õhe mathematical formulation of an | 
finite element is actually similar to
   (and
plane stress) problems.

## By symmetry, the two components of displacement in

any plane section of the excavation through its axis
of symmetry define completely the state of strain,
and therefore, the state of stress.

## Instead of analyzing a unit out-

out-of-
of-plane depth, the
analysis is performed on a unit radian
O  
  
m Many three-
three-dimensional field problems in
engineering exhibit symmetry about an axis of
rotation.

## m Such problems, known as  


  solved
  solved using two-
two-dimensional finite elements,
which are most conveniently described in cylindrical
(
   
V

 
m Õ       
 to
      
 to be
axisymmetric are as follows:

## m 1. Õhe problem domain must possess an axis of

symmetry.
m 2. Õhe boundary conditions are symmetric about the
axis of revolution;
m     
 
 
 
axis of revolution; thus,
  
  

 
£   
      
      
 
     
 
 àà 

 




à  
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 à 
 
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In specific axisymmetric problems, integration of various
functions of the interpolation functions over the volume
are required for element formulation.Symbolically,

## such integrals are represented as

O     

Õ      

w
  
m Õo solve a problem involving,first approach is based on
strength of material.

## m the three basic types of field equations²

m equilibrium,
m constitutive (stress-strain), and
m compatibility (strain-displacement.

## m Õhe second method involves the application of energy

principles, which equates the state of equilibrium to the
condition of having minimum potential energy.
m where the potential energy, ƴ, is defined as the internal
energy (U) minus the external work (W)

## third method involves computer algorithm

|     


    

  

O  
   
|   

## m Õo illustrate this type of analysis consider the

problem of finding the stresses in a thick open-ended
cylinder with an internal pressure (such as a pipe
discharging to the atmosphere).

## m Õhe steel cylinder below has an inner radius of 5

inches and an outer radius of 11 inches.
Õ     

 
  
|  

m 1. Start ANSYS
m º    
m 2. Preprocessor -> Element Õype -> Add/Edit/Delete
Quad 4 Node 42 -> OK -> Options
(Element Behavior)-
Behavior)-> Axisymmetric -> OK -> Close
m - 

m ^. Preprocessor -> Material Props -> Material Models
. . . -> Structural -> Linear -> Elastic -> Isotropic -
>Enter Ex = ^.e7 and PRXY = 0.^ -> OK -> Close.

## m 4. Preprocessor -> Create -> Areas -> Rectangle -

>By 2 Corners
m       
m 5. Preprocessor -> Mesh -> Areas -> Free 
 
m . Preprocessor -> Loads ->Apply ->Displacement ->
On Lines uy = 0
m Preprocessor -> Loads ->Apply ->Pressure -> On
Lines
m - 
1000

1000
m 7. Solution -> Solve -> Current LS ->OK
m V  
  
   
   
  
m 8. General Post Processor -> Plot Results ->
Deformed Shape . . . ->Def + +undeformed
undeformed -> OK
m - 

m X. General Postprocessor -> Plot Results -> Element
Solu . . .  Sx   Sy   Sz  ..
^ 

£ 
|   

a   

G   

a 

m      
  !
m " inside
 SX = -1000 psi SZ =
1520.8 psi
m " outside
 SX = 0 psi SZ =
520.8psi

## m #-£  R\$%&'"º-"(-R "

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