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ACPA 2018 Pipe School - Murfreesboro,Tennessee

ACI 350

James Zarrinpour, M.S, EIT


Forterra Pipe & Precast
Overview:

 ACI 350-06 Scope


 Chapter 9- Strength And Serviceability
Requirements
 How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements
To ET Culvert for RCB Design
 Comparison Between ET Culvert
Results and ACI 350-06
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ACI 350-06 Scope

 Environmental Engineering Concrete


Structures
 Concrete Structures Intended for:
• Conveying
• Storing, or Treating liquids
• Secondary Containment
• Ancillary Structures

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ACI 350-06 Scope

Precast Concrete Environmental Structures


Designed in Accordance With ASTM or
AWWA Standards , Except Circular tanks
Are Not Covered in ACI 350-06

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
 General:
ACI 350-06 Adopted The strength design
Procedure

 Design Strengths ≥ Required Strengths

 Adequate Performance At Service Load Levels

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
 Load Factors:
Load Factors
𝑈 = 1.4(𝐷 + 𝐹)
𝑈 = 1.2 𝐷 + 𝐹 + 𝑇 + 1.6 𝐿 + 𝐻 + 0.5(𝐿𝑟 𝑜𝑟 𝑆 𝑜𝑟 𝑅)
𝑈 = 1.2𝐷 + 1.6 𝐿𝑟 𝑜𝑟 𝑆 𝑜𝑟 𝑅 + (1.0 𝐿 𝑜𝑟 0.8𝑊)
𝑈 = 1.2𝐷 + 1.6𝑊 + 1.0 𝐿 + 0.5(𝐿𝑟 𝑜𝑟 𝑆 𝑜𝑟 𝑅)
𝑈 = 1.2𝐷 + 1.2𝐹 + 1.0 𝐸 + 1.6𝐻 + 1.0𝐿 + 0.2𝑆
𝑈 = 0.9𝐷 + 1.2𝐹 + 1.6 𝑊 + 1.6𝐻
𝑈 = 0.9𝐷 + 1.2𝐹 + 1.0 𝐸 + 1.9𝐻

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
 Reduction Factors:

Load Reduction Factors

Shear And Torsion 0.75

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
 Balance Condition:
Tension Reinforcement Reaches The Strain
Corresponding To its fy Just As Concrete in
Compression Reaches its Assumed Ultimate
Strain of 0.003
 Compression Controlled Section:
Net Tensile Strain in The Extreme Tension Steel
is Equal to or Less Than The Compression-
controlled Limit At The Time The Concrete in
Compression Reaches its Assumed Ultimate
Strain of 0.003
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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
 Tension Controlled Section:
Net Tensile Strain in The Extreme Tension Steel
is Equal to or Greater Than 0.005 Just As The
Concrete in Compression Reaches its Assumed
Strain Limit of 0.003

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
Required Strength for Other Than Compression
Controlled Sections Shall be Multiplied By Sd
∅ 𝑓𝑦
𝑆𝑑 = ≥ 1.0
𝛾 𝑓𝑠
∅: Strength reduction Factor
f𝑦: Yield Strength
𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝐿𝑜𝑎𝑑
𝛾=
𝑈𝑛𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝐿𝑜𝑎𝑑
f𝑠: Permissible Tensile Strength

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
 Normal Environmental Exposure:
 One-Way:

320
20000𝑝𝑠𝑖 ≤ 𝑓𝑠,𝑚𝑎𝑥 = ≤ 36000𝑝𝑠𝑖
2
2 𝑑𝑏
𝛽 𝑠 +4 2+
2

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
 Normal Environmental Exposure:
 Two-Way:

320
24000𝑝𝑠𝑖 ≤ 𝑓𝑠,𝑚𝑎𝑥 = ≤ 36000𝑝𝑠𝑖
2
2 𝑑𝑏
𝛽 𝑠 +4 2+
2

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
 Severe Environmental Exposure:
 One-Way:

260
17000𝑝𝑠𝑖 ≤ 𝑓𝑠,𝑚𝑎𝑥 = ≤ 36000𝑝𝑠𝑖
2
𝑑𝑏
𝛽 𝑠2 +4 2+
2

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
 Severe Environmental Exposure:
 Two-Way:

260
20000𝑝𝑠𝑖 ≤ 𝑓𝑠,𝑚𝑎𝑥 = ≤ 36000𝑝𝑠𝑖
2
𝑑𝑏
𝛽 𝑠2 +4 2+
2

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements
Strain Gradient Amp. Factor:
ℎ−𝑐
𝛽=
𝑑−𝑐
ℎ: Overall Thickness Of Member

c: Distance From Extreme Compression Fiber To


N.A
d: Distance From Extreme Compression Fiber To
Centroid of Tension Reinforcement

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Chapter 9
Strength And Serviceability Requirements

It Shall Be Permitted To Use β Equal To:


1.2 ℎ ≥ 16 𝑖𝑛.
𝛽=ቊ
1.35 ℎ < 16 𝑖𝑛
It Shall Be Permitted To Use 25 for The term
𝑑𝑏 2
4 2+ as a Simplification
2
𝑠: C-C Spacing of Deformed Bar
𝑑𝑏 : Normal Dia. of Bar, Wire, or Pre-stressing
Strand
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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design
Start

Build A Model in
ET Culver Using Build A Model In
Load Factors As ET Culver Using
Prescribed in Service Loads
AASHTO LRFD
Shear Steel
Required ?

Extract MDsgn , Ma For Yes Extract MDsgn , Ma , V For


No
Critical Section From ET Critical Section From ET
Culvert Result Sheets Culvert Result Sheets

Find Sd

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design
Find Sd

Flexure Design Shear Design

Is Sd ≥ 1?

Multiply MDsgn By Sd At Yes Yes Multiply VDsgn By Sd At


Critical Section Critical Section
and Compare With Ma and Compare With ∅𝑉𝑐

Is MDsgn ≥ Ma ? No Is VDsgn ≥ ∅𝑉𝑐 ?

No No
End

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design
Is MDsgn ≥ Ma ? Is VDsgn ≥ ∅𝑉𝑐 ?
Yes Yes Yes Yes

Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2

Recalculate Recalculate
Increase As And Increase Av And
Required As Using Required Av For
Compare Ma with Compare ∅𝑉𝑐 with
Pipe Eq. And P-M Shear Design
MDsgn VDsgn
Diagram Load

Repeat Repeat
Previous Previous
Step Until Step Until
MDsgn ≤ Ma VDsgn ≤ ∅𝑉𝑐

End End

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design
Example:
We Are Asked To Design A Box Culvert 6’x4’,
Under Direct Traffic (Fill=20’) According To ACI
350-06 Using ET Culvert

8’’

4’
7’’
7’’

7’’

7’’

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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How To Apply ACI 350-06 Requirements To
ET Culvert For RCB Design

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Comparison Between ASTM C1577
ET Culvert Results, ACI 350-06

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Reference

• AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design


Specifications, 7th Ed., American
Association of State Highway and
Transportation Officials, 2014.
• Code Requirements for Environmental
Engineering Concrete Structures and
Commentary (ACI 350-06)

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Questions

James Zarrinpour, M.S, EIT


Forterra Pipe & Precast
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