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O F

E I
N C R E
U E R TU
FL L A EC
IN CU HIT
AL A C
NI R N AR
LO VE
CO
OA
G
I A
D
RCHITECTURE

IN
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

LOCATION AND FEATURES


 Goa is India's smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of
population.
 Located on the west coast of India in the region known as the Konkan, it is bounded
by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south,
while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast.
 Portuguese first landed in Goa as merchants, in the early 16th century, and
conquered it soon thereafter.
 The Portuguese overseas territory existed for about 450 years, until it was annexed
by India in 1961.
 Renowned for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture.
 Goa is visited by hundreds of thousands of international and domestic tourists each
year.
 It also has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the Western Ghats range,
which is classified as
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

BANGLA I BUNGALOW

BANGLA AN INDIAN TERM TO DESCRIBE A HUT ORIGINATED FROM BENGAL


INDIA – 17th CENTURY
Bengali or Bangla is an
Indo-Aryan language of the
eastern Indian subcontinent
BANGLA OR BUNGALOW
IS AN WESTERNISED
VERSION OF THE INDIAN
HUT DEVELOPED AND
DESIGNED TO SUIT THE
REQUIREMENTS OF THE
EUROPEANS WHEN THEY
SETTELED IN INDIA
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
BANGLA AND BUNGALOW
BANGLA BUNGALOW
•NATIVE STRUCTURE •WESTERNISED
•SINGLE STOREY •ONE OR TWO STOREY
•BUILT OF WOOD BAMBOO AND THATCH •BUILT OF SUNDRIED BRICKS AND THATCH
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

ORIGIN OF BANGLA
•ORIGINATED FROM BENGAL BY THE NATIVES
•SINGLE STOREY
•PRIMARILY A SHELTER FOR POOR PEOPLE
•RICH HINDU FAMILY USUALLY HAVE MANY OF THESE HUTS FOR
DIFFERENT ACTIVITIES

MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION

•MADE OF MUD
•RAISED PLINTH 3’ – 4’
•THATCHED ROOF SLOPING ON TWO SIDES
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

THE ANGLO INDIAN BUNGALOW

• MATERIALS CHANGED FROM THE NATIVE BANGLA

CHARACTERISTICS OF ANGLO INDIAN BUNGALOW

 CENTRAL SQUARE
 THATCH EXTENDED OVER ALL SIDES
 VERANDAH INTRODUCED TO CUT DOWN THE HEAT
 CORNER OF THE VERANDAHS CONVERTED INTO ROOMS
 CLEAR STOREY LIGHTING WAS PROVIDED IN THE ROOF
 IT WAS EITHER SQUARE OR RECTANGLE IN PLAN
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

COLONIAL INFLUENCES - GOA


• LIES IN MALABAR COAST SOUTH OF BOMBAY
• INFLUENCE OF CHRISTIANITY IN ARCHITECTURE BY PORTUGESE
• BUILDING TYPES FOUND INDO PORTUGESE ARCHITECTURAL STYLE
• CHURCHES CLASSIC MANSIONS AND HOUSES
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

GOAN HOUSES

HINDU HOUSES CHRISTIAN HOUSES

• STYLE : INDO PORTUGESE STYLE


• MATERIALS :BAKED CLAYTILES , LATERITE FOR WALLS (PLASTERED)
• WINDOWS WITH WOODEN FRAMES
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

HINDU HOUSE
• RECTANGULAR IN PLAN
• SINGLE STOREY
• CENTRAL COURTYARD WITH TULSI MADAM
• CENTRAL ENTRANCE HAS A VERANDAH
• THE ROOM ARRANGED AROUND A CENTRAL PILLARED COURT YARD
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

•The goan Hindu Architectural style is different from the Portuguese-influenced


style.
• Hindu houses have little colonial influence.
• Most of the big houses have a courtyard called as Rajangan in Konkani where a
Tulasi Vrindavan is seen.
•A special place called as Soppo is often used for relaxing.

•Goan traditional Hindu houses have the following features:

•Angan (courtyard with a Tulasi Vrundavan)


•Rajangan (a courtyard inside the house)
•Deva kood (a place for daily prayer and other rituals)
•Saal (a hall)
•Raanchi kood (a kitchen with a door which is called Magil daar)
•A room special meant for pregnant and nursing mothers.
•Kothar (store room)
•A hall specially meant for celebrating Ganeshotsav
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

Exteriors

• The traditional pre-Portuguese homes were inward-looking with small windows; this
reflected the secluded role of women.
• The houses opened into courtyards, and rarely opened onto streets.
• The Catholic houses were more outward-looking and ornamental, with balcões
(covered porches) and verandas facing the street.
• The large balcões had built-in seating, open to the street, where men and women could
sit together and chat
• These balcões are bordered by ornamental columns that sometimes continued along.
The houses of rich landlords had high plinths with grand staircases leading to the front
door or balcão.
• Large ornamental windows appear purely decorative,
• Front doors were flanked by columns or pilasters.
• Railings were the most intricate embellishment in a Goan house. Pillars, piers, and
colours mixed bag of architectural styles.
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

USE OF COLOUR

Dramatic and startling colour—initially achieved with vegetable and natural


dyes—plays an important role in Goan architecture. Colour was decorative and
used purely to create a sensation

INTERIORS

Painting on walls
walls up to the dado height finished with glazed tiles
Floral pattern below the cornice
CORNICES

Country tiles used as a corbel are a feature peculiar to Goa. The effect achieved
is aesthetically pleasing, giving the roof projection a solid, moulded
appearance.