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THREE AXIS PNEUMATIC MODERN

TRAILER

GUIDED BY SUBMITED BY
NIKHIL K RAJU
ASST PROFESSOR ANAND JYOTHY
MECHANICAL DEPT EBY ALEX
GIRI GOVIND
KIRAN A S
SREE SANKAR
VIVEK RAJU
CONTENT

• INTRODUCTION
• SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
• PNEUMATIC COMPONENTS
• OTHER COMPONENTS
• LIST OF MATERIAL
• ADVANTAGE,DISADVANTAGE
• APPLICATION
• CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION

• This project work titled “THREE AXIS


PNEUMATIC MODERN TRAILER” has been
conceived having studied the difficulty in unloading
the materials.
• Project has mainly concentrated on this difficulty, and
hence a suitable arrangement has been designed.
Such that the vehicles can be unloaded from the
trailer in three axes without application of any impact
force
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
PNEUMATIC COMPONENTS AND ITS
DESCRIPTION
• The pneumatic bearing press consists of the following
components to fulfil the requirements of complete
operation of the machine
– Pneumatic cylinder
– Hand operated valve
– Flow control value
– Connectors and
– Hoses
– Compressor
CYLINDER

• The cylinder is a double acting cylinder one, which


means that the air pressure operates alternatively (forward
and backward).

CYLINDER TECHNICAL DATA:

Barrel: It is made of cold drawn aluminimum honed to 25mm.


Piston Rod: M.S. hard Chrome plated
End Covers: Cast iron graded fine grained from 25mm to 300mm
Piston:Aluminium
Media:Air
Temperature Range: 0^c to 85^c
DIRECTIONAL CONTROL VALVE

• To control the to and fro motion of cylinder, the fluid


energy has to be regulated, controlled and reversed
with a predetermined sequence in a pneumatic
system.

The main functions of the valves are,


• Start and stop the fluid energy
• Control the direction of flow of compressed air
• Control the flow rate of the fluid
• Control the pressure rating of the fluid
FLOW CONTROL VALVE:

Technical Data:
• Size : ¼”
• Pressure : 0 to 10 kg / cm2
• Media : Air

• This valve is used to speed up the piston movement


and also it acts as an one – way restriction valve
CONNECTORS:

• In our pneumatic system there are two types of


connectors used; one is the hose connector and the
other is the reducer.
• Hose connectors normally comprise an adapter
(connector) hose nipple and cap nut. These type of
connectors are made up of brass or Aluminium or
hardened steel.
• Reducers are used to provide inter connection
between two pipes
HOSES

• Hoses used in this pneumatic system are made up of


polyrethane. These hoses can with stand at a
maximums pressure level of 10 kg/cm2.

Compressor
OTHER COMPONENTS

WHEEL ARRANGEMENT
• The wheels are fitted to the body of the vehicle with
the help of end bearing and bearing caps. The wheels
are made up of fiber material.
TRAILER BODY
• The trailer body is made up of mild steel sheet metal.
This frame is look like a small model trailer.
Solid Works Design
LIST OF MATERIALS

Sl. No. PARTS Qty. Material

1 Pneumatic Double 1 MS
Acting Cylinder and
frame
2 Direction Control 1 ALUMINIUM
Valve
3 Flow Control Valve 1 ALUMINIUM

4 Wheel 4 RUBER

5 Bearing with 4 FIBER


Bearing Cap
6 Polyethylene Tube POLYURETHENE

7 Hose Collar and BRASS


Reducer
ADVANTAGES

• It requires simple maintenance cares


• Checking and cleaning are easy, because of the main
parts are screwed.
• Handling is easy.
• Manual power not required
• Repairing is easy.
• Replacement of parts is easy.
DISADVANTAGES

• Initial cost is high.


• Separate air tank or compressor is required.

APPLICATIONS
• It is very much useful for Car Owners & Auto-
garages.
CONCLUSION

• Our survey in the regard in several automobile


garages, revealed the facts that mostly some difficult
methods were adopted in unloading the materials
from the trailer and hence a suitable arrangement has
been designed. Such that the vehicles can be
unloaded from the trailer in three axes without
application of any impact force.