Sie sind auf Seite 1von 14

Methods for Testing Boiler

Efficiency
Boiler Efficiency

BOILER
DIRECT METHOD

EFFICIENCIES
INDIRECT METHOD
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by
Direct Method

Qin
𝑸𝒊𝒏 𝑬𝒗𝒂𝒑𝒐𝒓𝒂𝒕𝒐𝒓 + 𝑸𝒊𝒏 𝑺𝒖𝒑𝒆𝒓𝒉𝒆𝒂𝒕𝒆𝒓
Qin
+𝑸𝒊𝒏 𝑹𝒆𝒉𝒆𝒂𝒕𝒆𝒓 + 𝑸𝒊𝒏 𝑬𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒐𝒎𝒊𝒛𝒆𝒓
𝜼=
𝑮𝒓𝒐𝒔𝒔 𝑯𝒆𝒂𝒕 𝒊𝒏 𝑭𝒖𝒆𝒍
Qin

Qin
HHV
𝑸𝒊𝒏 = 𝒎(𝒉
ሶ 𝒇𝒍𝒖𝒊𝒅 𝒐𝒖𝒕 − 𝒉𝒇𝒍𝒖𝒊𝒅 𝒊𝒏)

ሶ 𝑳𝑯𝑽
𝑮𝒓𝒐𝒔𝒔 𝑯𝒆𝒂𝒕 𝒊𝒏 𝑭𝒖𝒆𝒍 = 𝒎.
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by
InDirect Method
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by
InDirect Method

1 Dry Flue Gas Loss

“Masih ada kalor yang dapat


dimanfaatkan pada flue gas,
namun terbatas oleh dew
point”
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by
InDirect Method

2 H2 Loss
MAIN
Product
WATER

Carbon Dioxide

COMBUSTION

Kalor Digunakan Untuk


Menguapkan Hasil
Pembakaran Air
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by
InDirect Method

3 Moisture in Fuel

“Kalor Digunakan Untuk


Menguapkan Kandungan Air di
Dalam Bahan Bakar”

FUEL
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by
InDirect Method

4 Moisture in Air

“Kalor Digunakan Untuk


Menguapkan Kandungan Air di
Dalam Udara Pembakaran”

AIR
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by
InDirect Method

5 CO Loss Incomplete
Combustion
Product

CO Karbon
Monoksida

H2
ETC.
COMBUSTION

Konsentrasi gas yang


paling mudah diukur
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by
InDirect Method

6 Surface Loss
Industrial fire tube / packaged boiler = 1.5 -
F 2.5%
L
CONVECTION U
E Industrial watertube boiler = 2 - 3%
RADIATION G
A Power station boiler = 0.4 - 1%
S
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by
InDirect Method

7 Fly Ash Loss

FLY ASH
Heat Loss karena fly ash
yang belum terbakar
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by
InDirect Method

8 Bottom Ash Loss

Heat Loss karena bottom


ash yang belum terbakar

BOTTOM ASH
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by Indirect Method

1. Heat loss due to dry flue gas 4. Heat loss due to moisture present
in air

2. Heat loss due to evaporation of


water formed due to H2 in fuel (%) 5. Heat loss due to incomplete
combustion:

3. Heat loss due to moisture present in Or


fuel
Boiler Efficiency Calculation by Indirect Method
6. Heat loss due to radiation and convection:

Industrial fire tube / packaged boiler = 1.5 - 2.5%


Industrial watertube boiler = 2 - 3%
Power station boiler = 0.4 - 1%

• Losses Which Are Insignificant and Are Difficult To Measure


7. Heat loss due to unburnt in fly ash (%)

8. Heat loss due to unburnt in bottom ash (%)