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BAMBOO CULM ASH AS AN

ADDITIVE TO THE CONCRETE


BRICKS
CHAPTER 1:

 INTRODUCTION

 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

 HYPOTHESIS

 ASSUMPTION

 SCOPE AND DELIMITATION

 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY


INTRODUCTION

 If the waste can be reused and recycled; natural resources are used
efficiently, waste is kept out of landfills and the waste disposal costs are
saved.
 twofold effect; (1) reducing the waste and the problems associated with
them and (2) reducing the cement content in concrete bricks and its negative
economic and environmental impacts.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

What is the compressive strength of the concrete bricks with


bamboo ash?

What is the significant effect of bamboo ash to the concrete


bricks?

Can the Bamboo Culm Ash (BCA) concrete be used to


replace the Portland cement in concrete brick?
HYPOTHESIS

The hypothesis of the study is that there is a significant


difference between the strength of bricks with Bamboo
Culm Ash (BCA) to the strength of plain bricks.
ASSUMPTION

That cement with Bamboo Culm Ash (BCA) would


enhance the strength of the brick.
SCOPE AND DELIMITATION

 focused only on the strength of the Bricks with Bamboo Culm


Ash
 concentrates only to three ratio of mixture, 90% cement with
10% Bamboo Culm Ash, 80% cement with 20% BCA and
70% cement with 20% BCA
 delimited the study on the physical and chemical properties
present on the Bamboo Culm Ash
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

STUDENTS

MANUFACTURERS

COMMUNITY

FUTURE RESEARCHERS
CHAPTER 2

 RELATED LITERATURE

 RELATED STUDIES

 SYNTHESIS OF THE ART

 GAP BRIDGE OF THE STUDY

 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
RELATED LITERATURE

Bamboo is one of the promising low-cost substitutes to


steel bars as reinforcement in cement composite
matrices. In addition to low cost, it is replenish-able and
offers good mechanical strength. It can be handled by
local unskilled labors and no expensive or artificial form of
energy for its manufacture is required. It can be used as a
whole, splits or in the form of fibers.
RELATED STUDIES

 Yusoff et al. (1992) studied the chemical composition of one, two and three year
old bamboo (Gigantochloa scortechinii).

 Akaninyene et al. (2013) studied the effect of Periwinkle Shell Ash (PSA) and
Bamboo Leaf Ash (BLA) on the mechanical properties of concrete for a
standardized mix of 1:2:4.

 Dwivedi et al. (2006) reported the reaction between calcium hydroxide (CaOH)
and bamboo leaf ash for 4 hours of reaction, using the differential scanning
calorimetry (DSC) technique, while Singh et al. (2007) studied the hydration of
bamboo leaf ash in blended Portland cement

 Ernesto et al. (2007) discussed the characterization and studied the pozzolanic
behavior between calcium hydroxide (CaOH) and bamboo leaf ash (BLA)
obtained by calcining bamboo leaves.

 McCarter et al. (1996) studied the absorption of water and chloride ion
penetration into concrete
SYNTHESIS OF THE ART

 The difference is the present study used bamboo culm ash as


an additive in making concrete brick.
GAP BRIDGE OF THE STUDY

 the study tried to bridge the gap on the possibility that


the brick with bamboo culm ash can be used as a
structural material.
Figure 1. Theoretical Paradigm
INPUT

THROUGHPUT

OUTPUT

Figure 2. Conceptual Framework


CHAPTER 3

 RESEARCH DESIGN

 RESEARCH METHOD

 COLLECTION OF MATERIALS

 EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE
RESEARCH DESIGN

 the most appropriate design is the quantitative design


because it involves the collection and analysis of collected
data that is obtained from tests.
RESEARCH METHOD

EXPERIMENTAL METHOD

COMPARATIVE METHOD

DESCRIPTIVE METHOD
COLLECTION OF MATERIALS

 FINE AGGREGATES

 PORTLAND CEMENT

 BAMBOO CULM ASH (BCA)

 WATER
EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

The researcher prepared the materials that where used in


the experiment, these materials are Portland cement, fine
aggregates, water and bamboo culm ash as partial replacement
for cement. There are four ratio and it is 100% plain cement
with aggregates, 90% cement mixed with 10% Bamboo Culm
Ash (BCA), 80% cement with 20% BCA and 70% cement with
30% BCA. The plain concrete was produced in order to make a
comparative analysis
THANK YOU!!!

MERRY CHRISTMAS AND A HAPPY NEW YEAR  