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1.

PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE


2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
3. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
STRUCTURE : Subject +Verb(present form/base form)+object
EXAMPLES : I work in London
He work’s in the field
I like youtube

USES OF PRESENT SIMPLE


1. Facts, Generalizations and Universal Truths
2. Habits and Routines
3. Permanent Situation
4. Events Certain to Happen
5. State Verbs
6. Future Arrangements
EXAMPLE FOR FACTS, GENERALIZATIONS , UNIVERSAL
TRUTHS, HABITS, ROUTINES, PERMANENT SITUATIONS,
EVENTS, STATE VERBS, FUTURE ARRANGEMENTS.

 IUBAT campus is big. Fact


 The sun rises in the east. Universal Truth
 Mangos are better then apples. Generalization
 Siam walks in the field every morning. Habit, Routine
 I live in sirajgonj . Permanent situation
 Book Fire starts on February 21. Events
 I like singing. State verbs
 The conversations starts at 2 PM. Future Arrangement
 STRUCTURE : Subject +am/ is/are + Verb(continuous
form-verb + ing + object
 First :
 To indicate hear future. Ex: Father is coming home tomorrow.
 In habitual act. Ex: I am playing football even at this old age.
 A particular work which is not finessed yet.
Ex: Now I am reading a play by Shakespeare.
 In changing condition.
Ex: The world climate is changing rapidly.
 To indicate always, continually, constantly, forever, Etc.
Ex: I am going to Italy forever.
STRUCTURE : Subject +Have/Has +Verb(past participle
form)+objet
 When the action of work is still present though the work
is over.
Ex: Hajj Muhammad myosin has helped a lot of people.
 In a past where time is not maintained.
Ex: I have read a book but I have forgotten most of it.
 After, just, just now, already, never, etc.
Ex: He is already written the book.
STRUCTURE : Subject +Have/Has + Been +Verb(continuous
form)+objet

 Before since (a fined time /point of time) and for( a long


time/ period of time) since and for.
Ex: I have been living in this village for about twenty years.
1. PAST SIMPLE TENSE
2. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
3. PAST PERFECT TENSE
4. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
STRUCTURE : Subject +Verb(past form)+object
EXAMPLES : I walked.
I was sleepy.
Use of past simple

 Past actions that are now finished.


Ex: He ate the dinner 1 hour ago. Short
I went to school 4 years ago. long

(What happened for long time it is called long)


(What happened for short time it is called short)
 Situation in the past

Ex: I lived in Bangladesh for 10 years.(I don’t live there any more)

 A series of actions in the past.


 The past simple can also be used with a few actions
in the past happening one after another.
 Ex: He entered a room, lit a cigarette and smiled
at the guests.
STRUCTURE : Subject + was /were +Verb(continuous form)+object
EXAMPLES : The dog was barking.
The man was running.
Use of past continuous
 Duration in the past
Ex: I was watching TV yesterday in the evening.
He was playing in the field.
 Interrupted actions in progress
Ex: I was talking with Siam when the telephone rang.
When Israt was painting doors, it started raining.
 Actions in progress at the same time
Ex: I was watching TV and Khalid was playing football.
 Polite question
Ex: I was thinking you might help with this problem.
Irritation
Ex: She was always coming late for dinner.
STRUCTURE : Subject + Had+ verb(past participle form)
EXAMPLES : I had written the latter before you came home.
Use of past perfect
A completed action before another action in the past
Ex: I had finished my home work before I went playing football.
Third conditional sentence
Ex: If we had gone by taxi, we would not have been late.
Reported Speech
Ex: He asked if I had read the Quran.
Dissatisfaction with the past
Ex: I wish I had taken more food. I am hungry now.
If only I had taken more food. I am hungry now.
STRUCTURE : Subject + Had + Been + verb( continuous form)
EXAMPLES : I had been writing the latter for an hour.
Use of past continuous
 Duration of a past action
Ex: The boys had been quarreling for half an hour when we
arrived home.
Showing Cause
Ex: The road was wet because it had been raining.
Third conditional
Ex: If it hadn’t been raining we would have gone to the park
 Reported speech
Ex: The tense also appears in Reported speech.
She said she knew Siam had been lying to her