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Bloodborne Pathogens

in the Workplace
Bloodborne
Pathogens

AIDS
HIV
Hepatitis B
AIDS Symptoms

 Enlarged Lymph  Purplish spots on skin


Nodes or in mouth
 Persistent Fevers  White cheesy coating
 Involuntary Weight on the tongue
Loss  Night Sweats
 Fatigue  Forgetfulness
 Diarrhea
AIDS Transmission

Sexual Contact
Blood Contact
Mother to Child during pregnancy
Aids Myths

AIDS is not spread by casual contact


AIDS is not spread through food
preparation
AIDS is not spread through giving blood
AIDS is not spread by mosquitoes or other
insects
AIDS is not spread through sexual contact
of uninfected individuals
An AIDS Policy

Should List:
Employee Rights
Testing
Education
Workers with AIDS

Protected by the Rehabilitation Act of


1973
AIDS is considered a handicap, and can
not be discriminated against.
Testing Issue
Review:

State Laws
Federal Laws
Civil Suits
Company Policy

Many feel that this is ethically


unacceptable.
AIDS Education

Topics:
What is AIDS?
What causes AIDS?
How is AIDS transmitted?
Who is most likely to get AIDS?
What are the symptoms?
How is it diagnosed?
Who should be tested?
AIDS Education

More Topics:
Where can I get an AIDS test?
How can I reduce my chances of getting
AIDS?
How is AIDS treated?
Can AIDS be prevented?
What are the common myths?
Performing CPR

USE A FACE MASK


AT ALL TIMES
Hepatitis B

Contracted by:
Contact with Blood
Contact with any Body Fluid
Symptoms:
Jaundice
Joint Pain
Rash
Internal Bleeding
Group Discussion

What fears do you have


about bloodborne
pathogens? Why?
Industrial Safety
IT 335

Chapter 25
Environmental Safety
Major Environmental
Issues

Acid Rain
Ground-level Ozone
Global Warming
Water Pollution
Toxic Wastes
Garbage
Legislation

OSHA
EPA
OSHA/EPA partnership
The Clean Air
Act of 1970

Urban Air Quality


Mobile Sources
Hazardous Air Pollutants
Acid Rain Control
Permits
Stratospheric Ozone Provisions
Enforcement
Types of
Environments

Natural Environment
Controlled Environment
Closed Environment
Indoor Air Pollution

Heating, Air Conditioning, and Ventilation


systems
Air Filtration
Temperature and Humidity
Volatile and/or Toxic organic compounds
and gases in the air
Mineral and/or organic fibers and particles
in the air
Molds, bacteria, and other biological
matter in the air
General OSHA
Requirements

Develop a safety and health program.


Conduct site evaluation.
Use a site control program.
Train employees.
Medical surveillance.
Reduce exposure below acceptable levels
Monitor air quality
General OSHA
Requirements

Implement a program to inform employees


Implement a decontamination process
Develop an emergency response plan for
on site emergencies
Develop an emergency response plan for
off site services
Ways to Improve
Environmental Health:

Management Improvements
Better Use of Technology
Better Materials Selection
Reclamation
Waste
Reduction Plan

Gain management commitment


Form a waste reduction team
Develop a waste reduction plan.
Implement, monitor, and adjust the plan
as necessary.
Waste
Reduction Audit

Target Processes
Analyze Processes
Identify Reduction Alternatives
Consider the cost/benefit for each
alternative
Select the best options
Group Discussion

What do you do to help to


reduce environmental
pollution strains?