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 Computer is an electronic device,

operating under the control of

instructions stored on its own memory.
These instructions tell the machine what
to do.
 Itis the “box” or case that holds the parts
that make up a computer: CPU, hard disk
drive, interface cards, power supply,
memory chips, etc.
 CPU- Central Processing Unit, or the
“brains” of the computer.
 Isan output display device that looks
similar to a regular television, in a
computer. You see information on the
monitor’s screen.
 Monitor or Screen- is the viewing area on
a monitor or the information or image
A storage that reads data From (input) or
records data onto a disk for storage
 Isalso called a floppy, diskette, or
just disk, is a type of disk
storage composed of a disk of thin and
flexible magnetic storage medium,
sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure
lined with fabric that removes dust
particles. Floppy disks are read and
written by a floppy disk drive (FDD).
 Is
the main device that computer uses to
store information. Most computers come
with a hard drive called drive C, located
inside the computer case.
 ROM means Read-Only Memory- you can
only “read” information, NOT SAVE. A CD
can store a large amount of data
including documents, photographs,
software, and music (which can hold 20
 One more, CD-ROMs are only readable in
computers, not to be write, and not to be
writeable and erasable.
 CD-R
- Compact Disk- Recordable
 - only to be used ONCE. You cannot add
another data into this CD again.
 - Compact Disk- Rewritable
 - you can use this CD MULTIPLE TIMES.
This is designed to written multiple data
that is similar to the floppy or hard disk.
- Digital Video Disk- Read-Only Memory
 - is used to store full-length movies, large
programs, etc.
 Allof the mentioned in the previous
slides are looked the same. You must read
the label to determine what type of
media it is.
 Both CD’s and DVD’s are examples of optical
storage media. Optical technology uses a
laser or light beam to process information.
 What is an optical media?
 - It is the storage of data on an optically
readable medium. Data is recorded by
making marks in a pattern that can be read
back with the aid of light, usually a beam of
laser light precisely focused on a
spinning optical disc.
 USB-Universal Serial Bus
 These can hold documents, pictures and
music. Some of the flash drives are also
MP3 players.
 Mouse is hand-held input device that you
roll on your desk to point to and select
items on your screen.
 When you move the mouse, the mouse
pointer on the screen moves in the same
 Mouse Pointer
 - it is the little symbol on your screen that
you move with your mouse. You use the
mouse pointer to point to and select
items on your screen. The mouse pointer
changes shape, depending on its location
on your screen and the action you are
 LeftMouse Button- usually use this button
 Right Mouse Button- occasionally use this
button for “special” actions
 Scroll Wheel- the mouse wheel may work
from program to program and may not
work in some programs. In most word
processing programs, you can rotate the
wheel to move up or move down the
page, equivalent to PAGE UP or
 PAGE DOWN keys in your keyboard or to
clicking the scroll bar.
 Click- press and quickly release the left
button on a mouse.
 Double Click- press and quickly release
the left mouse button twice.
 Drag- moves objects or data around on
the screen through the use of the mouse.
Keep the left mouse button pressed
 While you move the mouse.
 Speakers
-output device that produces sound and
music when connected to the computer.
Speakers come in different shapes and
may even be in the monitor’s case.
 Headphones
-an output device for listening that is
held over the ears by a band worn in the
 Microphone
-an input device in where energy is
changed into electrical energy for the
sending or recording sound that is your
 Scanner
-input device that reads copy as an
image and digitally records the image.
 DigiCam
 Digital Camera
 - a gadget that records and stores images
as a digital file, operates similarly to a
“normal” camera, but FILM IS NOT
 Projector
-an output device used for displaying
onto a large surface which is in the
projector screen, what appears on the
computer monitor.
 Printer
- a device that produces a paper copy of
the information on your screen.
 Inkjet Printer- a printer in which the
characters are formed by minute jets of
 Laser Printer- a printer, linked to a
computer, producing good-quality
printed material by using a laser to form
a pattern of electrostatically charged dots
on a light-sensitive drum, which attract
toner (or dry ink powder). The toner is
transferred to a piece of paper and fixed
by a heating process.