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Overview of ISO 19100 Series

ISO/TC211
Geographic information/Geomatics
The Scope of ISO/TC 211...
Standardization in the field of digital geographic information.
Establish a structured set of standards for information concerning
objects or phenomena that are directly or indirectly associated
with a location relative to the Earth.
These standards may specify, for geographic information,
methods, tools and services for data management (including
definition and description), acquiring, processing, analyzing,
accessing, presenting and transferring such data in
digital/electronic form between different users, systems and
locations.
The work shall link to appropriate standards for information
technology and data where possible, and provide a framework for
the development of sector – specific applications using
geographic data.
Using geographic information to
advance world sustainability
• Qualified decisions need information –
geographic information an important part
• Geographic information from various sources
needs to be integrated and interoperable
• Geographic information needs to be
discovered, used - and reused
• Spatial data infrastructures provides an
unified approach these issues
• Standards are an essential and necessary
part
SDIs supporting user needs
User Applications drawing on
regional, & supporting SDIs
multi-national,
global
E Government
E Commerce
Disaster Management
national Meteorology
Health Monitoring
Market Development
and many others…
Global

local Standards supporting


Infrastructure & Applications
The infrastructure content

Core Data Other Thematic Data

Meteorological data
Cadastral
Flood Zones
Transportation
Demographic
Hydrography
Landcover
Government Units
Biological
Geodetic Control
Economic
Elevation
Social
Imagery
ISO Central Secretariat

ISO/TC 211

National body National body Liaison body

National body National body Liaison body

National body National body Liaison body

National shadow committee


ISO/TC 211 organization
Chairman
Olaf Østensen
Secretary AG Strategy Chairman
Bjørnhild Sæterøy
TMG Norway AG Outreach Henry Tom,
Andrew Jones Hans Knoop
HMMT
TF 211/204
Chris Gower John Herring

WG 4 WG 6 WG 7 WG 8 WG 9
Morten Borrebæk Douglas O’Brien Antony Cooper John Rowley Hiroshi Imai
Norway Canada South Africa UK Japan

Geospatial Imagery Information Location Information


services communities based management
services
ISO/TC 211 disbanded working groups

• Working group 1 Framework and reference model


• Working group 2 Geospatial data models and
operators
• Working group 3 Geospatial data administration
• Working group 5 Profiles and functional standards
Who are we ? ...member list
Active members (P-members), 28 countries

Australia Italy Saudi Arabia


Austria Japan Serbia and Montenegro
Belgium Republic of Korea South Africa
Canada Malaysia Spain
China Morocco Sweden
Czech Rep. New Zealand Switzerland
Denmark Norway Thailand
Finland Portugal Turkey
Germany Russian Federation United Kingdom
Hungary United States of America
Member list
Observing members 30

Argentina Iceland Philippines


Bahrain (corr.) India Poland
Brunei Darussalam Isl. Rep. of Iran Slovakia
(corr.)
Ireland Slovenia
Colombia
Jamaica Tanzania
Cuba
Kenya Ukraine
Estonia (corr.)
Mauritius Uruguay
France
Netherlands Zimbabwe
Greece
Oman
Hong Kong (corr.)
Pakistan
External liaisons (23)
• CEN/TC 287, Geographic information
• CEOS, Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
• DGIWG, Digital Geographic Information Working Group
• EPSG, European Petroleum Survey Group
• FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
• FIG, International Federation of Surveyors
• GSDI, Global Spatial Data Infrastructure
• IAG, International Association of Geodesy
• ICA, International Cartographic Association
• ICAO, International Civil Aviation Organization
• IEEE Geo_science and Remote Sensing Society
• IHB, International Hydrographic Bureau
• ISCGM, International Steering Committee for Global
Mapping
• ISPRS, International Society for Photogrammetry and
Remote Sensing
External liaisons
• JRC, Joint Research Centre, European Commission
• OGC, Open GIS Consortium, Incorporated
• PC IDEA, Permanent Committee on Spatial
Data Infrastructure for the Americas
• PCGIAP, The Permanent Committee on
GIS Infrastructure for Asia and the Pacific
• SCAR, Scientific Committee on
Antarctic Research
• UN Economic Commission for Europe, Statistical
Division
• UNGEGN, United Nations Group of Experts on
Geographical Names
• UNGIWG, United Nations Geographic Information
Working Group
• WMO, World Meteorological Organization
The process
Ballot Ballot Ballot Ballot
Working group/Project team

NWIP AWI WD CD DIS FDIS IS

New work Approved Working Committee Draft Final Draft International


item work item draft draft International International Standard
proposal Standard Standard

-3 0 6 12 24 33 36

timetable in months (in theory!)


ISO 19100 Series
 ISO 6709:1983, Standard representation of latitude,
longitude and altitude for geographic point locations
 ISO 19101 - Reference model
 ISO 19102 – Overview - deleted
 ISO/TS 19103 - Conceptual schema language
 ISO 19104 - Terminology
 ISO 19105 - Conformance and testing
 ISO 19106 - Profiles
 ISO 19107 - Spatial schema
 ISO 19108 - Temporal schema
 ISO 19109 - Rules for application schema
 ISO 19110 - Feature cataloguing methodology
ISO 19100 Series
 ISO 19111 - Spatial referencing by coordinates
 ISO 19112 - Spatial referencing by geographic
identifiers
 ISO 19113 - Quality principles
 ISO 19114 - Quality evaluation procedures
 ISO 19115 - Metadata
 ISO 19116 - Positioning services
 ISO 19117 – Portrayal
 ISO 19118 - Encoding
 ISO 19119 – Services
 ISO/TR 19120 - Functional standards
ISO 19100 Series
 ISO/TR 19121 Imagery and gridded data
 ISO/TR 19122 - Qualifications and certification of personnel
 ISO 19123 - Schema for coverage geometry and functions
 ISO/RS 19124 - Imagery and gridded data components
 ISO 19125 - Simple feature access – Part 1-3
 ISO 19126 - Profiles for feature data dictionary registers and
feature catalogue registers
 ISO 19127 - Geodetic codes and parameters
 ISO 19128 - Web Map Server Interface
 ISO 19129 - Imagery, gridded and coverage data framework
 ISO 19130 - Sensor and data model for imager and gridded data
ISO 19100 Series
 ISO 19131 - Data product specification
 ISO/RS 19132 - Location based services possible standards
 ISO 19133 - Location based services tracking and navigation
 ISO 19134 - Multimodal location based services for routing and navigation
 ISO 19135 - Procedures for registration of geographic information items
 ISO 19136 – Geography Markup Language (GML)
 ISO 19137 - Generally used profiles of the spatial schema and of similar
important other schemas
 ISO 19138 – Data quality measures
 ISO 19139 - Metadata – Implementation specifications
 ISO 19140 - Technical Amendment to the ISO 191** Geographic
information series of standards for harmonization and enhancements
 ISO 19141 - Schema for moving features
 ISO 19142 - Web Feature Service
 ISO 19143 – Filter Encoding
 ISO 19115-2 - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for imagery and gridded data
Model Driven Architecture (MDA)
Real World

Universe of
Discourse

defines

Conceptual Conceptual
formalism provides concepts Model
for describing

basis for one or more


formally represented in

Conceptual Schema Language(s)

Lexical Languages Conceptual Schema


is digitally representedby
provides formal
Graphical Languages language for
representing

data

ISO 19101 Geographic information – Refence model


Classification of standards
• Foundation standards
• Basic standards
– Tools
– Generic content
– Generic services global
• Content standards
– Reference data regional,
– Thematic data national,
local
• Services standards
– Implemented services
A decomposition of SDI

Access,
Standards Content (data) Organization Education
technology
Organization and education

ISO/TR 19122 - Qualifications and certification of personnel

Access,
Standards Content (data) Organization Education
technology

ISO 19101 – Reference model


ISO 19104 – Terminology
ISO 19105 – Conformance and testing
ISO 19106 – Profiles
ISO/TR 19120 – Functional standards
ISO 19135 – Procedures for registration of geographic information items
Access,
Standards Content (data) Organization Education
technology

ISO 19103 - Conceptual schema language


ISO 19107 - Spatial schema
Documentation ISO 19108 - Temporal schema
ISO 19109 - Rules for application schema
ISO 19110 - Feature cataloguing methodology
ISO 19111 - Spatial referencing by coordinates
ISO 19112 - Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers
Standards ISO 19113 - Quality principles
ISO 19114 - Quality evaluation procedures
ISO 19115 – Metadata
ISO 19115-2 - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for imagery and gridded data
ISO/TR 19121 - Imagery and gridded data
ISO 19123 - Schema for coverage geometry and functions
ISO 19124 - Imagery and gridded data components
ISO 19126 - Profile - FACC Data Dictionary
ISO 19127 - Geodetic codes and parameters
ISO 19129 - Imagery, gridded and coverage data framework
ISO 19130 - Sensor and data model for imagery and gridded data
ISO 19131 - Data product specification
ISO 19137 - Generally used profiles of the spatial schema and of
similar important other schemas
ISO 19138 – Data quality measures
Service related standards
Access and services
ISO 19116 - Positioning services
ISO 19117 – Portrayal
ISO 19118 – Encoding
ISO 19119 – Services
Standards
ISO 19125-1 - Simple feature access – Common architecture
ISO 19125-2 – SFA – SQL option
ISO 19125-3 – SFA – COM/OLE
ISO 19128 - Web Map Server Interface
ISO 19132 - Location based services possible standards
ISO 19133 - Location based services tracking and navigation
ISO 19134 - Multimodal location based services for routing and navigation
ISO 19136 – Geography Markup Language (GML)
ISO 19139 - Metadata – Implementation specifications

Access,
Standards Content (data) Organization Education
technology
Agreement ISO/TC 211 - OGC
Why cooperation ?

• common objectives
• similar work programmes
• complementary approach
• joining resources gives strength
• avoiding inconsistent standards - de
jure / de facto / industrial
• … and more
… has led to establishment of a cooperative agreement
between Open GIS Consortium and ISO/TC 211,
others have followed: DGIWG, IHO
OGC President David Schell:
”Our strategic relationships with other standards
organizations have helped us steer the best course relative
to broad technology trends, helped our OpenGIS
Specifications gain acceptance, and helped other
organizations fill gaps in their approaches to spatial
processing. Most notably, our relationship with ISO
TC/211 has evolved to become a model for cooperation
between industry consortia and de jure standards
organizations, setting a precedent that shapes our
relationship with TC/204. ....”
OGC specifications
Title Rev
OpenGIS® Simple Features Specification for OLE/COM 1.1 = ISO 19125-3
OpenGIS® Simple Features Specification for CORBA 1.0
OpenGIS® Simple Features Specification for SQL 1.1 = ISO 19125-2
OpenGIS® Catalog Services Implementation Specification 1.1.1

OpenGIS® Grid Coverages Implementation Specification 1.0

OpenGIS® Coordinate Transformation Services Implementation


1.0
Specification

OpenGIS® Web Map Service Implementation Specification 1.1.1 = ISO 19128

OpenGIS® Geography Markup Language (GML) Implementation


3.0 = ISO 19136
Specification

OpenGIS® Web Feature Service Implementation Specification 1.0

OpenGIS® Filter Encoding Implementation Specification 1.0

OpenGIS® Styled Layer Descriptor Implementation Specification 1.0


Example
INSPIRE architectural model
User applications
EC, MS, national bodies, Clients
citizens
Internet web-browser
Access to transformed GIS software
data, pictures, maps, reports, Management Inf. Syst.
multi-media content

Metadata search and retrieval for


data and services
Middleware
Service chaining:
search, display,
Geo-processing Direct access, e-
Catalogs Services data
commerce,
Metadata update access
….

Other data

Content e.g., administrative, Coverages Features Servers


Repositories statistical, env. reporting

Distributed Geographic reference data


Data content
INSPIRE architecture and
standards
User applications
Clients
ISO 19128 /WMS
WFS, WCS, WTS

ISO 19119
ISO 19125
ISO 19128
OGC Web Registry Services
Middleware
ISO 19103
ISO 19109
Catalogs ISO 19110 ISO 19136
ISO 19115 WFS
ISO 19119
Dublin core
ISO 19135
ISO 23950

Distributed
Content Servers
ISO 19103 ISO 19111 ISO 19118 ISO 19120
Repositories ISO 19107 ISO 19112 ISO 19121 ISO 19109
ISO 19108 ISO 19112 ISO 19123
Future challenges ...
• Finalize current programme
• Establish registries for
– Terminology (already provisional)
– Feature catalogues
– Geodetic codes and parameters
• Develop globally standardized feature
catalogues
– Global Map?
– Land Cover Classification
– More detailed geographic information
Future challenges ...
• Continue cooperation with our liaison
organizations
• Market the results
• Training and education – capacity building
• Address new requirements
Thank you !
ISO/TC 211 ...
… building the foundation of the geospatial
infrastructure, brick by brick ...
http://www.isotc211.org/