0 Stimmen dafür0 Stimmen dagegen

12 Aufrufe14 SeitenMar 20, 2019

© © All Rights Reserved

PPTX, PDF, TXT oder online auf Scribd lesen

© All Rights Reserved

Als PPTX, PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

12 Aufrufe

© All Rights Reserved

Als PPTX, PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

- School of Graduate Studies KNUST
- Everyday Science Book4 PDF
- biogeometry
- jason action research complete
- chemistry course syllabus
- Chile
- Finaloutput
- historieta comics publicada en word.docx
- National Science Foundation: chap 7
- Dean Facultydata
- Ffff
- assignment 4 amanda chalfant
- 191 entry worksheet
- assignment.docx
- Practical Application of Numbers in Attainment of Health, Success and Happiness by Luo Clement
- Sem. I 18-19- Level I Booklist 18-19 (002).doc
- Acebes
- Escuela Latinoamericana de Medicina Elam
- Scientific Literacy Under the Microscope
- 2001 Lawson - Back to Reality

Sie sind auf Seite 1von 14

1928 - 2015

Early Life

John Forbes Nash Jr. was born on

13 June, 1928, in Bluefield, West

Virginia to John Forbes Nash

and Margaret Virginia Nash. His

father was an electrical engineer

for the Appalachian Electric

Power Company. His mother

worked as a schoolteacher before

she married.

Early Life

Nash attended public school but his parents wanted to give him every

educational opportunity, and so arranged for him to take advanced

mathematics courses at a local community college during his final year of

high school. He attended Carnegie Institute of Technology on a full

George Westinghouse Scholarship, where he initially majored in

chemical engineering but switched to majoring in mathematics at the

advice of his teacher John Lighton Synge. John Forbes Nash Jr. graduated

in 1948 at age 19 with both a degree and masters in mathematics. Nash

then went on to be accepted to Princeton University on another

scholarship, where he pursued further graduate studies in mathematics.

Early life

Nash's adviser and former Carnegie professor Richard Duffin

wrote a letter of recommendation for Nash's entrance to

Princeton stating, "He is a mathematical genius." Nash was also

accepted at Harvard University. However, he considered

Princeton more favorably because of its proximity to his family in

Bluefield. At Princeton, he began work on his equilibrium theory,

later known as the Nash equilibrium.Nash however felt that many

of his maths classes at Princeton would spoil the creativity of his

mind and he never attended them.Instead,he stayed in his dorm

and figured out incredibly complex mathematical situations on his

windows.Eventually Nash brought his solved problems to his

professor who was astonished at the work Nash had completed

alone.

Contribution to math

John Nash is known for his contribution to game theory.

Nash and others extended game theory to the case of more

than two players and to games where cooperation between

players occurs,including ganging up on the third player .

This gave a much broader perspective than that set down by

John Von Neumann resulting in a greater understanding of

economic situations.

If a group of players are in Nash equilibrium if each one is

making the best decision possible, taking into account the

decisions of the others in the game as long as the other parties'

decisions remain unchanged.

Awards

In 1978, Nash was awarded the John von Neumann Theory

Prize for his discovery of non-cooperative equilibria, now

called Nash Equilibrium. He won the Leroy P. Steele Prize in

1999.

In 1994, he received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic

Sciences (along with John Harsanyi and Reinhard Selten) as a

result of his game theory work as a Princeton graduate

student.

Awards

Nash received an honorary degree, Doctor of Science and

Technology, from Carnegie Mellon University in 1999, an

honorary degree in economics from the University of Naples

Federico II in 2003, an honorary doctorate in economics from

the University of Antwerp in 2007, an honorary doctorate of

science from the City University of Hong Kong on 2011, and

was keynote speaker at a conference on game theory. He has

also been a guest speaker at a number of world-class events,

such as the Warwick Economics Summit in 2005 held at the

University of Warwick.

Influence on math+society

John Forbes Nash made ground-breaking contributions in

mathematical areas such as games,geometry,topology and

partial differential equations.This establishes his place in

history.Much more striking, though, was the resonance of his

ideas.

Nash was in Oslo collecting the prestigious Abel Prize,

when others began applying his famous concept of equilibrium

to help address one of society's much more contemporary

problems - supplying electricity cheaply, reliably and

cleanly.Nash equilibrium was a fundamental contribution to

the mathematical theory of non-cooperative games.

Influence on math+Society

Great mathematical ideas have the ability to be useful not only for further

developing maths but for also being used in a wide range of ideas.Nash

equilibrium is an example of this idea.

Crucially, though, the Nash equilibrium offered something truly new -

the ability to analyse situations of conflict and co-operation and produce

predictions about how people will behave.In addition to its obvious range of

applications in politics and economics, the depth of the idea is illustrated by

the use of the idea at the secret US Cold War think tank at the RAND

corporation.The game theory idea established by Nash was used as a

promising secret weapon against the Soviet Union.Nash’s other mathematical

ideas should not be underestimated.

Later life

John Nash was appointed as a professor at the Massachusetts

Institute of Technology but his teaching habits were very

unusual and quite unpopular with students.He met Eleanor

Stier and they had a son, John David Stier.John didn’t wish to

marry Eleanor. One of Nash's students at MIT, Alicia Larde,

became friendly with him and by the summer of 1955 they

were seeing each other regularly.After three years Eleanor

found out about the affair and she fled with her son.

Soon, John began to become effected by mental illness and

as a result he missed out on the chance of winning the Field

Medal.

Later life

Soon John was sent to McLean Hospital by

Alicia but the moment he was released the two

fled to Princeton.John’s condition

worsened,transforming him into a frightening

figure.He spent most of his time hanging

around on the Princeton campus, talking about

himself in the third person as Johann von

Nassau, writing nonsensical postcards and

making phone calls to former colleagues. They

listened to his endless discussions of

numerology and world political affairs. Alicia’s

husband's worsening condition made her

become more and more depressed.

Later life

In January 1961 John's mother, and his sister Martha made the difficult

decision to commit him to Trenton State Hospital in New Jersey where

he endured insulin-coma therapy, an aggressive and risky treatment,

five days a week for a month and a half. A long sad episode followed

which included periods of hospital treatment, temporary recovery, then

further treatment.Alicia divorced Nash in 1962. Nash spent a while with

Eleanor and John David. In 1970 Alicia tried to help him taking him in

as a boarder, but he appeared to be lost to the world, removed from

ordinary society, although he spent much of his time in the

Mathematics Department at Princeton.Slowly over many years Nash

recovered. He delivered a paper at the tenth World Congress of

Psychiatry in 1996 describing his illness.Despite spending periods in

hospital because of his mental condition, his mathematical work

continued to have success after success

Later life

In the 1990s Nash made a recovery from the

schizophrenia from which he had suffered since

1959. His ability to produce mathematics of the

highest quality did not totally leave him.Soon

Nash won a series of prizes for his achievements

in mathematics.A few days after picking up the

prize in Norway, Nash and his wife Alicia were

killed in an accident in their taxi on the New

Jersey turnpike.

‘A Beautiful mind ‘

The film ‘A Beautiful Mind’ is made in memory

of John Forbes Nash.This film highlights the

determination of this man to make a difference

in mathematics.It shows how he was too

intelligent for class,how he solved sums that

had never been attempted before and how his

commitment to help his country fight against

the Soviet Union (using his math) cost him his

mind.The pressure that the Cold War think tank

RAND put on this man was too much for him to

cope with and this caused him to develop

mental disease.

- School of Graduate Studies KNUSTHochgeladen vonKwajo Asante
- Everyday Science Book4 PDFHochgeladen vonAnnette
- biogeometryHochgeladen vonmonimonix
- jason action research completeHochgeladen vonapi-353850095
- chemistry course syllabusHochgeladen vonapi-293427247
- ChileHochgeladen vonCrzs Montoya
- FinaloutputHochgeladen vonArthur Nierra
- historieta comics publicada en word.docxHochgeladen vonnestor
- National Science Foundation: chap 7Hochgeladen vonNSF
- Dean FacultydataHochgeladen vonlevm
- FfffHochgeladen vonGaurab GS Sarkar Raj
- assignment 4 amanda chalfantHochgeladen vonapi-393262120
- 191 entry worksheetHochgeladen vonapi-283322859
- assignment.docxHochgeladen vonJosh Ross
- Practical Application of Numbers in Attainment of Health, Success and Happiness by Luo ClementHochgeladen vonMehmood Hussain Syed
- Sem. I 18-19- Level I Booklist 18-19 (002).docHochgeladen vonMaxine
- AcebesHochgeladen vonGerard Anthony Teves Rosales
- Escuela Latinoamericana de Medicina ElamHochgeladen vonJose Badin Grajales
- Scientific Literacy Under the MicroscopeHochgeladen vonmichelcarnio
- 2001 Lawson - Back to RealityHochgeladen vonEsteban Leiva Troncoso
- Elen Cat Fall 2011 (134)Hochgeladen vonAnonymous xu8OUxz
- Action Plans(Thailand)Hochgeladen vonfarah6214
- Frolov Philosophy of Living EthicsHochgeladen vonNestor David Morales
- ibrubricforsec iiinterdisciplinaryprojectreproductivehealth 1Hochgeladen vonapi-264004169
- Impact factor listHochgeladen vonSurya Dila
- v18.xlsxHochgeladen vonSurya Dila
- School ProspectHochgeladen vonJeynal
- Standard 6 Pre Orientation 17-LatestHochgeladen vonZaid Ibrahim
- A History of Ideas Handout Ch8Hochgeladen vonNatalie Gunawan
- Resumen - BarnhurstHochgeladen vonCarlos Rodríguez

- religion projectHochgeladen vonapi-431993656
- leadership projectHochgeladen vonapi-431993656
- john williamsHochgeladen vonapi-431993656
- insomnia projectHochgeladen vonapi-431993656
- media studies projectHochgeladen vonapi-431993656
- 12 angry men projectHochgeladen vonapi-431993656
- careers projectHochgeladen vonapi-431993656
- music projectHochgeladen vonapi-431993656
- moroccoHochgeladen vonapi-431993656

- 020414 Pe CivilHochgeladen vongtslty99
- Automatic Fan Speed Control Circuit Using PIC16F877A MicrocontrollerHochgeladen vonPramilla
- 1st_Scientific_Paper.docxHochgeladen vonErika Mizon Layon
- Observation of Nonclassical Photon Statistics in the Cavity QED MicrolaserHochgeladen voncfangyen
- Performance Based Evaluation of Industrial Grade Resins Duolite ARA-9366 and Duolite A-368Hochgeladen vonmisterno2
- Carboxymethyl Cellulose Produced at Different Mercerization Conditions and Characterized by NIR FT Raman Spectroscopy in Combination With Multivariate Analytical MethodsHochgeladen vonMustafa Çiçekler
- ME5103-lab-BHochgeladen vonMd Masudur Rahman Abir
- Wilson Sci Am 1979 Vol241Hochgeladen vonKomodo Livesinemacs
- Design of a knife valve and stress analysis using finite element analysisHochgeladen vonIJSTE
- Converting Rifle Trajectory TablesHochgeladen vonJordan Kitchens
- Smart TripHochgeladen vonkaicyem
- Equilibrium Constant Report Example 5Hochgeladen vonjim gorman
- Theory and Analysis of Continuous BeamsHochgeladen vonNeil Hislop
- 07-0012Hochgeladen vonkellydelgado41
- Influence Maximization in Complex Networks Through Optimal PercolationHochgeladen vonAndrés Tobelem
- Astro Secrets and Krishnamurthy Paddhati Part VIHochgeladen vonCentre for Traditional Education
- Optimization based on Gradient DescentHochgeladen vonDiego Canedo
- Development of Shaking TablesHochgeladen vonMaria DeeTee Nguyen
- elektronegatifitasHochgeladen vonWulan Ambar Pratiwi
- 07collins Shear Stresses CsaHochgeladen vonandyhr
- Cho-Las Relaciones Entre Estructura Redes Cristalinas y Conductividad de Electrolito Solido Li2O-B203-P2O5Hochgeladen vonJaime Morales
- 57630783Hochgeladen vonGerardo Vallejo Espinosa
- PptHochgeladen vonSatyaprakash Prasad
- Metric UnitsHochgeladen vonNamelezz Shadoww
- Semi-Submersible’s Response Prediction by Diffraction Potential MethodeHochgeladen vonPaul CLoon
- Lecture Week 8Hochgeladen vonsykim657
- Chenitry 4th Periodical TestHochgeladen vonMarissa Bertos
- Design OrderHochgeladen vonjrhartly
- citrus fruit conductionHochgeladen vonapi-349869629
- Evidence of Plumes in the Structure of Mantle ConvectionHochgeladen vonXaniaLieselAvilaRueda

## Viel mehr als nur Dokumente.

Entdecken, was Scribd alles zu bieten hat, inklusive Bücher und Hörbücher von großen Verlagen.

Jederzeit kündbar.