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POSITION

PAPER
WHAT IS POSITION PAPER?

Like a debate, a position


paper presents one side of
an arguable opinion about an
issue.
GOAL OF A POSITION PAPER

The goal of a position


paper is to convince the
audience that your opinion is
valid and defensible.
IMPORTANCE OF A POSITION PAPER
It is very important to ensure
that you are addressing all sides
of the issue and presenting it in
a manner that is easy for your
audience to understand.
The position paper is something
you want to excel at, and to do
this, several criteria must be
met.
IMPORTANCE OF A POSITION PAPER
 The position paper is meant to give
delegates an opportunity
to organize their research into an
organized policy statement.
 In position paper, you have to take
one side of the argument and
persuade your audience that you
have a well-founded knowledge of
the topic being presented.
IMPORTANCE OF A POSITION PAPER
 It
is important to support your argument
with evidence to ensure the validity of
your claim, as well as to refute the
counterclaims to show that you are well
informed about both sides.
 REMEMBER:
 The position paper is written based on
facts that provide a solid foundation on
the topic.
FOUR STEPS IN
WRITING A
POSITION PAPER
I-OUTLINE THE TOPIC IN GENERAL

 The purpose of outlining the topic


in general and providing insight
into the root of the conflict.
 As the subject of the paper is Free
Trade, the write-up begins by first
stating the areas of concern,
discussing some of the positive and
negative aspects of globalization, as
well as emphasizing the
controversial nature of the topic at
hand.
I-OUTLINE THE TOPIC IN GENERAL

 Your opening paragraph should, as


this paper attests to, be a brief
summary of the current perception
held towards the status quo. It
should state the problem and
express why it is significant.
II-IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE YOUR
LOCATION– HOW HAS YOUR PLACE BEEN
AFFECTED?

 Where your background research


on your location pays off.
 Firstly, you should identify and
describe your country. Be sure to
state how your nation relates to the
topic for discussion, specifically
citing how your state has been
affected.
II-IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE YOUR
LOCATION– HOW HAS YOUR PLACE BEEN
AFFECTED?

 It is imperative to emphasize the


extent to which change has taken
place. Hold off any normative
judgments in this section, the
purpose of this paragraph is not to
evaluate the institution or
development in reference to your
country, but rather, to merely
discuss how it has altered domestic
dynamics.
III-YOUR COUNTRY’S POLICIES AND
PROPOSED SOLUTIONS

 Where you outline your country’s


policies and what factors contributed
to those policies being established in
the first place.
 At this point, you are to address the
relative benefits (if any) and
detriments of the development,
specifically relating to your nation
and the actions you have taken to
maximize or minimize these effects.
III-YOUR COUNTRY’S POLICIES AND
PROPOSED SOLUTIONS

 You are to explain why your country


has acted in a certain fashion
historically and why it will continue
to follow this course of action.
 Outline your state’s particular
interest in the issue being discussed,
and begin to discuss what needs to
be changed about the current
interpretation of the situation.
III-YOUR COUNTRY’S POLICIES AND
PROPOSED SOLUTIONS

 Cite the areas needing reform and


provide suggestions as to how this
revision process should be
accomplished. Following this, you
may want to focus on one area of
particular concern for your country.
III-YOUR COUNTRY’S POLICIES AND
PROPOSED SOLUTIONS

 Depending on your topic area,


this could be anything from the
affect of a war on a nation’s
health care infrastructure to
how creating new national
boundaries may affect resource
deposits running along the
potential borders.
III-YOUR COUNTRY’S POLICIES AND
PROPOSED SOLUTIONS

 Be sure to select an area of


concern that could potentially
form the basis of a resolution,
or at least one that can
stimulate prolonged debate.
IV-TIE TOGETHER LOOSE ENDS

 Finally, a conclusion should be


written to restate your country’s
position and sum up what you hope
to achieve throughout the duration
of the conference.
IV-TIE TOGETHER LOOSE ENDS

 The position paper leaves the


committee chair with a first
impression of your delegation.
Naturally, it’s important to make
that impression as strong as
possible. The staff looks for original
and critical thinking, a true
understanding of the nature of your
nation and both a function and
applied knowledge of your topic.
IV-TIE TOGETHER LOOSE ENDS

 Be sure to demonstrate this through


presenting a concise yet effective
paper. As expressed before, be sure
to dedicate equivalent energy to
position papers for both topic areas.
They are equally important in the
eyes of the committee and the
directors (the people who will be
evaluating your write-ups).
GENERIC
SAMPLE
OUTLINE OF
POSITION PAPER
I- INTRODUCTION

A. Introduce the topic


B. Get the reader’s attention by
using a “hook”
C. Provide background
information on the topic
D. Assert the thesis (your view of
the issue)
II- COUNTER ARGUMENT (IT CAN BE
PLACE BEFORE CONCLUSION)

A. Summarize the counterclaims


B. Provide supporting information
for counterclaims
C. Refute the counterclaims
D. Give evidence for argument
III-FIRST ARGUMENT OR REASON
TO SUPPORT YOUR POSITION
A. Topic sentence asserting point #1 of
your claims
1. Give your educated and informed
opinion
2. Provide support using reliable
sources
3. Comment on evidence given
4. Write a concluding sentence to
wrap up your idea
IV-SECOND ARGUMENT OR REASON
TO SUPPORT YOUR POSITION
A. Topic sentence asserting point #2 of
your claims
1. Give your educated and informed
opinion
2. Provide support using reliable
sources
3. Comment on evidence given
4. Write a concluding sentence to
wrap up your idea
V-THIRD ARGUMENT OR REASON TO
SUPPORT YOUR POSITION
A. Topic sentence asserting point #3 of
your claims
1. Give your educated and informed
opinion
2. Provide support using reliable
sources
3. Comment on evidence given
4. Write a concluding sentence to
wrap up your idea
VI-CONCLUSION
A. Summary of main points or reasons
B. Restate your argument
C. Provide a plan of action but do not
introduce new information
CONSIDERATIONS
IN PREPARING
POSITION PAPER
I- ISSUE CRITERIA
 Is it a real issue, with genuine controversy and
uncertainty?
 Can you identify at least two distinctive
positions?
 Are you personally interested in advocating one
of these positions?
 Is the scope of the issue narrow enough to be
manageable?
II- CONSIDERING YOUR AUDIENCE AND
DETERMINING YOUR VIEWPOINT
 Is your topic interesting? Remember that
originality counts.
 Can you manage the material within the
specifications set by the instructor?
 Does your topic assert something specific, prove
it and where applicable, propose a plan of action?
 Do you have enough material or proof to support
your opinion?
III- STATING YOUR THESIS
 A THESIS is a one sentence statement about you
topic. It’s an assertion about your topic,
something you claim to be true. To make your
topic into a thesis statement, you need to make a
claim about it, make it into a sentence.
 Example:

 Orig topic: an important issue in my major field

 Focused topic: media tech education for


communication majors
 Thesis: Theories of media technology deserve a
more prominent place in this University’s
Communication program.
IV- WRITING WITH STYLE AND
CLARITY
1. Diction-refersto the choice of words
for the expression of ideas; the
construction, disposition and
application of words in your essay,
with regard to clearness, accuracy
and variety, etc.; mode of expression
and language.
IV- WRITING WITH STYLE AND
CLARITY
2. Paragraphs-creating clear
paragraphs is essential. Paragraphs
come in many sizes and patterns
that no single formula could possibly
cover them all.
 it is developing and framing an idea
or expression.
 Carefully and clearly organize the
order of your paragraphs
IV- WRITING WITH STYLE AND
CLARITY
3. Transitions-it tells the reader what
to do with the information you
present them. Its function is to give
signal for readers how to think
about, organize and react to old and
new ideas as they read through what
you have written. Basically, it
provides readers a directions how to
logically coherent arguments.
IV- WRITING WITH STYLE AND
CLARITY
4. Grammar and Spelling-make sure
that your paper is free from
grammar and spelling mistakes.
Mechanical errors are usually the
main reason for lack of clarity in
essays, be thoroughly proof read
your paper before handling it in.
IV- WRITING WITH STYLE AND
CLARITY
5. Plagiarism and academic
honesty-plagiarism is a form of
stealin; as with other offenses
against the law, ignorance is no
excuse. Give credit where credit is
due even if you have changed the
wording or just summarized the
main points.
SOURCES:
Guilford, (2001). Occasions for Argumentative
Essays. Writing Argumentative Essays. Retrieved
August 26, 2002 from the:
http://www.powa.org/agufrms.htm Previously
adapted from: Hairston, M. (1982) A
Contemporary Rhetoric (3rd ed). Boston:
Houghton Mifflin.
Northey, M. (1993). Making Sense: a student’s
guide to research, writing, and style (3rd ed).
Toronto: Oxford University Press.
UNC-CH Writing Center (2000). Transitions.
Writing Center Handouts. Retrieved August 26,
2002 from the:
http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/thesis
.html
CHOOSE TOPIC FOR YOUR DEBATE
1. Legality of Divorce in the Philippines
2. The use of mother tongue language in teaching-
learning process
3. Same sex marriage
4. Extra Judicial killings
5. Marcos’ burial at Libingan ng mga Bayani
6. Duterte administration
7. One child policy in the Philippines